Australia Vol.1 (Politics)

Politics – Understanding Australia | @ABCnews
Governing Australia: three levels of law-making | Parliamentary Education Office
Australian politics and government | @nlagovau

The politics of the Australian federal system (PDF; 01/12/2006) | Scott Bennett @ Parliamentary Library, Department of Parliamentary Services, Parliament of Australia
pp.6-7 Party politics
The Founders probably had no idea of how much party politics would colour the attitude of government and politicians to federalism. In particular, the Australian Labor Party has always had difficulties with the federal system. At the time of Federation many in the labour movement opposed the Commonwealth Bill due to their concern that a federal system would weaken the struggle for social welfare. There was also opposition to the ‘undemocratic’provision of equal Senate representation for states, and a belief that the Senate was too powerful — in fact, some opposed the creation of a national upper house at all. Since then, Labor Prime Ministers have worked to lessen the power of the states, as in the case of John Curtin and Ben Chifley’s activity in excluding the states from the income taxation field (see below, p. 12). Such attitudes have tended to be sharpened when state governments have been led by party opponents. …
p.12 The High Court
The net impact of the High Court’s role in interpreting the power relationship between Commonwealth and states has been to facilitate Commonwealth encroachment on state areas of responsibility.
The basis of a federal system is that governmental power is divided between different levels of government. What happens, though, when one level of government appears to be encroaching upon the powers of another? At such times, constitutional courts are likely to be called in to adjudicate. The High Court’s first years saw an effort by a majority of the Court to protect the ‘balance’ between Commonwealth and state governmental power the Founders believed they were setting in place. The first Chief Justice, Sir Samuel Griffith, is said to have had a ‘vested interest’ in this particular ‘ideology of federation’ and under his lead the Court established what has been called ‘a doctrine of mutual non-interference between Commonwealth and states’. …
p.23 Too much bureaucracy?
The Business Council of Australia (BCA) is critical of the current state of the Australian federal system. In particular, the BCA notes that the existence of multiple governments, each having a finger in particular policy pies, produces a marked ‘duplication of effort and inconsistencies in programs and regulations’. The outcome is not only a bureaucratisation leading to an unnecessary increase in the costs of public administration, but also a heavy financial burden for firms attempting to do business across Australia. This is probably an inevitable consequence of having different law-making areas within a nation, but critics believe that in the modern, globalised economy it is a burden that should be addressed with the aim of eliminating it. …
p.24 The weakness of local government
Local government exists in Australia as the creation of the states—most controversially, not only can the state parliaments establish local government councils, but state governments can dismiss them, quite arbitrarily. None of the colonial politicians who drew up the Australian Constitution apparently believed that local government should be given specific constitutional status and therefore, constitutional protection. Despite this, local government has been affected by the ongoing story of Commonwealth-state financial relations, as well as by the increased power of the Commonwealth Government to influence such local responsibilities as road-building, housing and the provision of social welfare arrangements. There is an argument suggesting that as the Commonwealth becomes stronger, so the right of people to govern themselves in local matters should be given constitutional recognition—as it is in the state constitutions. …
p.28 A re-allocation of powers?
…Professor George Williams of the University of New South Wales… believes that in such a setting it makes little sense for businesses to have to deal with nine different Australian jurisdictions. In addition, he points to the constitutional barriers to the creation of an integrated national judicial system and the fact that the Commonwealth lacks a general commerce power. Williams also believes that although urgent problems relating to controversial policy areas such as health and education can be resolved by political compromise, such arrangements are unlikely to be satisfactory over the long term. …

Find My Electorate – Electoral Boundaries | @ECQInfo
Electoral boundaries | @NSWElectoralCom
Maps – Electoral Boundaries | @electionsvic
Tasmanian Electoral Commission
Electoral Districts | @SAElectoralCom
Electorates | @WAElections
EVERY vote counts! | @NTElecComm
Which electorate am I in? | @ElectionsACT

COAG MEMBERS | COUNCIL OF AUSTRALIAN GOVERNMENTS
Australian Parliamentary System (05/17/2011)
Parliament and Government | Parliament of Australia
Australia’s system of government (PDF) | @MoAD_Canberra
Australia’s Political System (PDF) | @ABCnews
Levels of government | @NSWElectoralCom
Australia’s Constitution | South Australian Schools Constitutional Convention Committee 2001, South Australian State Electoral Office
Australian politics live podcast | @podbeancom
Traits and trends of Australia’s prime ministers, 1901 to 2015: a quick guide (03/02/2016)
AUSTRALIA’S PRIME MINISTERS | @naagovau
How politics works in Australia, and how to fix it (03/2018) | Scott Ludlam @ The Monthly
Four reasons why Australian politics is so crazy (24/08/2018) | @BBC
Explainer: What in the world is happening in Australian politics? (24/08/2018) | Emma Hurley @NewshubPolitics
Political Turmoil Throws Australia Off Balance (09/19/2018) | @stratfor
Who’s in the room? Access and influence in Australian politics (23/09/2018) | Danielle Wood and Kate Griffiths @GrattanInst
What Went Wrong With Australian Politics? (10/03/2017) | Jason Scott @bpolitics
Australia’s ‘Hollowed Out’ Politics, Explained (11/29/2018) | Damien Cave @nytimes
Australia’s Current Political Situation: Why Our Democracy Can’t Go On Like This? (11/30/2017) | Susan McKinnon Foundation
Australians care if politicians tell lies, but people in the US don’t (04/01/2019) | Michael LePage @newscientist
Political Aspects of Diversity – Social Justice in a Changing Australia | Senator the Hon. Nick Bolkus @ Department of Social Services
Australian Politics and Elections Database | @uwanews
Australia – Electoral Divisions | MapChart
Australian Election Study
Election Resources on the Internet: Federal Elections in Australia | Manuel Alvarez-Rivera
Government Documents – Australia: Elections and Electoral Information | @Sydney_Uni
Political history | @nlagovau
History of political parties in Australia | Parliamentary Education Office
Tag: political history | @AustHistAssoc
Australia’s history of political ousting – in 60 seconds (14/09/2015) | @BBC
Australian Political History
Performing Political History: An interview with actor, academic and activist Gary Foley (10/05/2017) | Dr Edwina Howell and Professor Gary Foley @ NiTRO
Australia’s economy is still booming, but politics is a cause for concern (10/25/2018) | @TheEconomist
Political parties and voter privacy: Australia, Canada, the United Kingdom, and United States in comparative perspective (06/12/2010) | Phillip N. Howard and Daniel Kreiss
A Political Economy of Australian Capitalism | Joe Collins and Adam David Morton @usydppe
REGIME CHANGE IN AUSTRALIAN CAPITALISM: TOWARDS A HISTORICAL POLITICAL ECONOMY OF REGULATION (PDF) | Christopher Lloyd @UniNewEngland
The role of the separation of powers and the parliamentary budget setting processes (PDF) | Michael Sloane
Essay Separation of Power in Australian Federalism (06/14/2018)
STATE ELECTORAL DIVISIONS (SED) | @ABSStats
Australian bicameralism as semiparliamentarism (PDF) | Steffen Ganghof, Sebastian Eppner, Alexander Porschke @unipotsdam
The Australian Constitution | Parliamentary Education Office
Australia : Constitution and politics | @commonwealthsec
Australian politics explainer: the writing of our Constitution (04/07/2017) | Ryan Goss @ANU_Law
Federation | Australian Government
Australian democracy: an overview | @MoAD_Canberra
Role of the High Court | High Court of Australia
The Australian Constitution | Parliament of Australia
Commonwealth of Australia Constitution Act (The Constitution) | Federal Register of Legislation, Australian Government