Canada Vol.5 (Manifesto 2015 of Conservative Party of Canada)

Here is PROTECTING OUR ECONOMY: OUR CONSERVATIVE PLAN (pdf) | @CPC_HQ in October 2015. Excerpts are on our own.

Keeping taxes low

Opening markets for Canadian businesses p.21-23
From the days of the French and British traders who first laid the foundations of our modern economy, Canada has been a trading nation. Trade is the lifeblood of our economy. It accounts for 60 percent of our GDP, and one in five Canadian jobs. Canadian businesses and workers know instinctively that we can compete with the world’s best as long as the playing field is level. We also know that we’re better off when our goods and services can reach global markets without barriers and restrictions.
Yet previous governments failed Canadians when it came to negotiating trade access for Canadian products. While other countries were busy signing free-trade deals and receiving preferential access to important markets, the Liberals weren’t even at the negotiating table. And Canadian businesses and workers suffered.

Our Conservative Government has reversed this inaction and opened up new markets for Canadian products and services.
When we took office Canada had free trade agreements with only five other countries. We’ve now reached agreements with 44, countries, encompassing more than half the global marketplace, including historic trade deals with South Korea and the European Union, with its 500-million person, $18-trillion economy. These agreements have given Canadian businesses and their workers access to more than half the global marketplace.

Yet there’s more to accomplish. In the past few days we have concluded the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) agreement with 11 other founding countries, including the United States, Japan, Australia, and New Zealand. The TPP is the largest free trade deal in history. It gives greater access for Canadian goods and services to almost 800 million consumers throughout the fast-growing Asia-Pacific region.
It’s a great deal for Canada that will significantly benefit our economy and Canadians’ prosperity. The TPP will protect and create jobs, grow Canada’s economy, and provide financial security to workers and businesses in all regions of the country. It guarantees preferential access for Canadian goods and services in a range of sectors including agriculture and agri-food, fish and seafood, forestry, metals and mining, and manufactured industrial goods.
~ The Trans-Pacific Partnership is a historic agreement that will protect and create jobs, and grow Canada’s economy now and in the future. That’s why a re-elected Conservative Government will ratify and implement the TPP.

As part of the TPP negotiations, we’ve defended and protected Canada’s supply management system, as we committed to. We’ve limited access to only three and one quarter percent of our dairy market. And we’ve announced key programs to ensure Canada’s supply-managed sectors
— and the communities that depend on them
— continue to thrive. To ensure stability for supply-managed farmers through the implementation of our trade agreements, we’ve established long-term income and quota guarantee programs.
And we’re supporting investment in cutting-edge technologies for our processing sector and marketing of world-class Canadian products, which are of the highest quality.

Free trade only works when it’s also fair – and this means a modern and effective system of remedy when a Canadian company has been treated unjustly.
A re-elected Conservative Government will take steps to modernize our system and ensure that it’s comparable with the practices and policies of our main trading partners. To this end we’ll:
~ Mandate the Canada Border Services Agency to carry out a full investigation of trade complaints even in cases when preliminary reviews by the Canadian International Trade Tribunal come back negative.
~ Require the Canadian International Trade Tribunal to carry out an automatic five-year review of every finding of non-compliance, to ensure the conflict has been resolved in a satisfactory manner.
~ Continue to work with stakeholders such as the Canadian Steel Producers Association to ensure that the system is effective and accessible, and ultimately creates a level-playing field for Canadian businesses.

The federal government provides a wide range of programs and services to firms looking to invest in Canada and to Canadian businesses trying to sell their goods and services abroad. These initiatives help attract investment and job creation in Canada and support export-oriented Canadian businesses in their search for new market opportunities and new customers.
There remains, however, room for improvement.
The system can be difficult for small firms to navigate. Government efforts to attract investment and promote job creation can sometimes be stymied by a lack of coordination.
~ A re-elected Conservative Government will establish an Investment and Trade Promotion Office with a mandate to coordinate the government’s various efforts to encourage businesses in other countries to invest in Canada, and to promote Canadian exports abroad. The Office will be a one-stop shop to attract investment and product mandates to Canada and help growing Canadian businesses enter new markets.

Cutting red tape

Manufacturing strategy p.26-28
In a fast-changing world, here’s one thing that hasn’t changed: Canada’s manufacturing sector is absolutely vital to our growing economy. It accounts for about 11 percent of our GDP, 61 percent of Canadian exports, and provides good, secure jobs to almost 1.7 million Canadians across the country. Indirectly, it employs many millions more. Manufacturing firms pay out $1.85 billion weekly in salaries to Canadian workers across the country.
But what is changing is the nature of the work. It’s becoming more skilled, more specialized, and more globally competitive.

Liberal leader Justin Trudeau says that manufacturing’s time is passed, that it’s time for Canada to “transition away” from manufacturing. Our Conservative Government disagrees. Manufacturing has played a key role in Canada’s economy since before Confederation – and, with the right plan, will continue to sustain high-quality, high-paying jobs and economic activity across the country.

Our Conservative Government has a positive plan to sustain our manufacturing sector. We’re:
~ Lowering taxes to make it easier for manufacturers to invest in advanced technology and equipment.
~ Helping Canadians acquire the skills and training they need to take advantage of new opportunities in manufacturing.
~ Opening new markets for manufacturers to find customers and sell their products.
~ Making strategic investments to encourage research and development and the creation of new products and technologies.

This is what our manufacturing strategy is all about. And it’s working. Manufacturing wages are up nearly 20 percent since we’ve come to office.
But there’s more to be done to support what the Canadian Manufacturers & Exporters have called our “manufacturing renaissance.”
Manufacturers need to invest in new machinery and equipment to remain globally competitive, expand their businesses, and create good new jobs. To help with this, we’ve reduced taxes steadily on these investments.
~ A re-elected Conservative Government will carry out our ten-year plan to lower the tax burden on Canadian manufacturers that acquire the machinery and equipment they need to succeed.

Canada is attracting high-quality, value-added manufacturing investment. But more can be done to bolster advanced manufacturing across the country.
~ A re-elected Conservative Government will support a new Advanced Manufacturing Hub in partnership with employers, our colleges and universities, and other stakeholders to encourage the development of new cutting-edge products and technologies. The new center, located in Southwestern Ontario, will become a catalyst for high-quality, value-added investment and jobs in the manufacturing sector.
~ A re-elected Conservative Government will establish a $100-million Manufacturing Technology Demonstration Fund to support large-scale, cutting-edge manufacturing projects in the developmental, pre-commercial stages. This fund will build on our existing significant investments in science and technology to make Canada a world leader in new manufacturing technologies.
~ We’ll also renew the Automotive Innovation Fund for ten years, beginning in 2018-19, at baseline funding of $100 million per year. This will help to create a stable, predictable environment for new automotive investment in Canada.
~ In addition, we’ll change the program’s parameters in the immediate term to include bricks and mortar as eligible expenses and offer grants rather than repayable loans for greenfield investments and investments in existing facilities that guarantee a long-term presence and operation.

We still believe the phrase “Made in Canada” translates well around the world: It means high-quality goods built by highly skilled workers, and it inspires confidence that a product is the very best. And on our watch, Canada will never turn away from this legacy of excellence.

Skills training for new and better jobs
Our world-leading immigration system

Spurring innovation and research and development p.35-37
The marketplace is dynamic. Canadian businesses grow and succeed by staying ahead of the competition. This means adopting new technologies and developing new goods, services, and processes. Staying ahead means never growing complacent and always innovating.
Our Conservative Government has helped Canadian businesses invest an targeted tax relief, new financing to develop products and processes, and partnerships with universities, colleges, and polytechnics to test out new ideas and turn them into the next big technology success story.

A re-elected Conservative Government will continue to help Canadian businesses adopt advanced technologies and carry out research and development by:
~ Implementing the $100 million Automotive Supplier Innovation Program to support product development and technology demonstration by Canadian automotive parts suppliers.
~ Rolling out the $200 million Advanced Manufacturing Fund to support new and innovative products and production methods in Ontario.
~ Working with Canada’s world-leading aerospace industry to develop a national supplier development initiative to ensure Canada’s aerospace industry remains a global technology leader and a major source of high-quality jobs.
~ Continuing our participation in the International Space Station which will mean new opportunities for Canada’s space industry, and expanding support for Canada’s satellite telecommunications sector through its partnership with the European Space Agency.
~ Providing ongoing support to the National Research Council’s transformation to better serve the research and development needs of Canadian businesses. This includes ongoing support for the Industrial Research Assistance Program which is helping small- and medium-sized businesses finance research initiatives.
~ Expanding our support for the National Optics Institute in Quebec City, to continue its leadership in business-oriented optic and photonic research.

We’ll also continue to support research and development at Canada’s universities, colleges, and polytechnics. Our Government has invested over $13 billion in science, technology and innovation since 2006. And Canada has consistently ranked first in the G-7 for research and development spending in the higher education sector as a share of GDP.
A re-elected Conservative Government will continue to support basic and applied post-secondary research by:
~ Implementing the $1.5 billion Canada First Research Excellence Fund to support world-leading research projects that create long-term economic advantage for Canada.
~ Continuing to support the Canadian Foundation for Innovation to finance research infrastructure on university, college, and polytechnic campuses. We’ll provide $1.33 billion over six years, starting in 2017-18, to support the Foundation’s ongoing work.
~ Investing in ongoing support for the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council, Canadian Institutes of Health Research, and the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council.

Creating opportunity for Canada’s farmers p.38-40
It’s no exaggeration to say that the family farm is the foundation of the Canada we love today. The products have evolved, the markets have changed, and the technology has advanced, but some things remain constant: From before the sun comes up to long after it goes down, farmers across Canada do the backbreaking work that feeds the country. The work is hard, and financially risky – but absolutely vital to Canadians.
It’s also vital to our economy. The agriculture and agri-food sectors account for more than $100 billion in economic activity every year, and employ more than two million Canadians. The importance of agriculture to our national interest can’t be overstated. And our Conservative Government’s support for farmers is unwavering.

A significant part of our support for the sector has been dedicated to innovation and crop science.
Our Government has consistently supported strategic research and development by industry into agricultural technologies, processes, practices and services – research that drives growth and creates jobs and opportunities in the industry by making it more sustainable and more globally competitive.
The projects we are supporting are as diverse as the industry itself. The Agri-Innovation program, for instance, has been used to develop pest-management tools in the blueberry industry; to find new and innovative ways to turn food by-products into environmentally friendly, value-added goods; and to increase the competitiveness of our food-processing industry while making our food better, healthier, and safer.
~ A re-elected Conservative Government will increase funding to the Agri-Innovation program by $100 million over three years, and make projects driven by universities and colleges eligible for financing.

Our farmers and their produce can compete with the best in the world. Our Government has been there to help them enter global markets and find new customers. We established the Market Access Secretariat in 2009 to serve as a single-window to help Canadian farmers with trade-related issues.
We’ve hired trade commissioners dedicated to agriculture issues. And we’ve co-funded marketing activities with industry to enhance Canada’s agricultural presence in priority markets.
~ A re-elected Conservative Government will increase support for the Agri-Marketing Program to help promote Canada’s agricultural and agri-food products around the world, building on our international reputation for excellence and increasing the visibility of the Canadian brand in important markets.
~ We’ll also continue to expand the activities of the Market Access Secretariat to help Canadian farmers diversify into new markets.
~ As we open new markets for agricultural products, we’ll continue to stand up for Canadian farmers and industries by defending our system of supply management in all international forums and trade negotiations.

We understand that market access also requires a robust transportation system with fair rules and accountabilities. Our Government passed the Fair Rail for Grain Farmers Act in May 2014 to provide more certainty and better service standards with respect to grain volumes for farmers and shippers.
We also launched a broader review of our transportation system to determine what policy changes should be made to address key issues facing the transportation sector, including ensuring Canada’s supply chains have the capacity, flexibility and resiliency to meet future demands. The review panel, led by the Honourable David Emerson, will provide recommendations to the government later this year.
~ A re-elected Conservative Government will take action to improve Canada’s transportation network and support market access for Canadian farmers, based upon the recommendations of the transportation review.

Promoting Canada’s fisheries p.41-43
Commercial fishing has been a pillar of the Canadian economy since the 16th century.
Today, Canada’s commercial fishery employs, directly and indirectly, about 80,000 Canadians, and exports about $5 billion worth of fish and other seafood every year.
Our Government has a strong record of supporting Canadians who make their living on the water, and is committed to the continued success of this industry and the prosperity of the Canadians it employs. Among our accomplishments are:
~ New measures targeting fish harvesters who are not compliant with the Preserving the Independence of the Inshore Fleet in Canada’s Atlantic Fisheries Policy.
~ Ongoing maintenance and upgrades to Canada’s small craft harbours – including more than 250 small craft harbour improvement projects planned over the next two years.
~ Establishing and expanding the Recreational Fisheries Conservation Partnerships Program to conserve and protect Canada’s recreational fisheries. The program has funded nearly 300 conservation projects across the country to date.

A re-elected Conservative Government will continue to build on these initiatives with a focus on science, marine conservation, and promote Canadian products in new markets including through the Trans-Pacific Partnership.

Canada’s most important commercial fishery is lobster, with exports generating more than $1 billion a year. It has supported Canadian fishing families for more than a century, and plays a substantial role in the economies of coastal communities in Atlantic Canada and Quebec.
Our Government has seen the lobster fishery through good times and bad, including investing significant funds through the Community Adjustment Fund-Lobster Initiative and the Short-Term Transitional Measures Program to help the industry through the global recession. And the Atlantic Lobster Sustainability Measures Program provided support for restructuring and rationalization, as well as conservation and stewardship programs to support the long-term sustainability of the industry.
We’ll continue these efforts.
~ A re-elected Conservative Government will fund a new lobster branding initiative to be carried out in co-operation with the Lobster Council of Canada. This measure will support the Council’s work promoting the Canada Lobster Brand both here at home and in export markets around the world. We’ll also pursue new markets for Canadian lobster.
~ A re-elected Conservative Government will also work in collaboration with the provinces and the University of Prince Edward Island’s AVC Lobster Science Centre to pursue biomass research, gaining valuable information that will inform policy decisions affecting the lobster fishery for years to come.
~ We’ll also support the Atlantic salmon fishery by confronting Greenland on the issue of overfishing Canada’s Atlantic salmon stock and increasing the harvest of striped bass to improve the survival of juvenile Atlantic salmon, following receipt of an upcoming Department of Fisheries and Oceans scientific study.

Our sealing industry is of vital importance to many coastal communities, in particular among Canada’s Aboriginal peoples.
~ A re-elected Conservative Government will continue to pursue new and expanded markets for these products, including establishing a system of certification to demonstrate that products resulting from Aboriginal hunting meet European Union standards.

As part of the completion of the Canada-EU Free Trade Agreement, we’ve committed to working with the Government of Newfoundland and Labrador to provide support for those affected by the elimination of minimum processing requirements (MPRs) in the fishery sector.
~ A re-elected Conservative Government will continue to work with the province to provide compensation for losses arising from the gradual elimination of these requirements. We have set aside $280 million ($93 million per year over 3 years) for this purpose which is intended to be matched 70:30 by the province. In the event that we cannot reach an agreement with the province to deliver a joint compensation program, we’ll compensate workers directly who have been negatively impacted by MPR phase-outs.

Supporting Canada’s forestry sector and its workers

Expanding new mining opportunities p.46-47
Canada is a global leader in the mining sector.
From Yukon’s gold to Labrador’s iron, the industry provides almost 400,000 Canadians across the country with jobs that, for the most part, are the highest-paying industrial jobs in the country. It’s the main business for 150 communities in rural and northern Canada, and employs the largest number, proportionally, of Aboriginal Canadians of any industry.
We’re committed to ensuring this vital sector remains a source of jobs and opportunity for Canadians for generations to come.

The Mineral Exploration Tax Credit has helped junior mining companies raise more than $5.5 billion for exploration since 2006. In 2013 alone, more than 250 companies used the credit to raise financing from 19,000 individual investors.
~ A re-elected Conservative Government will extend the Mineral Exploration Tax Credit for three years to support further mining exploration and investment.

Meanwhile, the development of hundreds of potential mining projects in this great, vast country – such as the Ring of Fire in Northern Ontario and Plan Nord in Quebec – is challenged by the high cost of working far from transportation routes and supply centres.
Many of these ventures could be economic game-changers for the Canadians living in the surrounding regions.
~ A re-elected Conservative Government will support economic development in these communities by establishing an enhanced Mining Exploration Tax Credit for northern and remote mining projects.

These new commitments build on our current plan to support Canada’s mining sector.
~ A re-elected Conservative Government will continue to support jobs and growth in the mining industry by following through on our plan to invest further in the Targeted Geoscience Initiative, to promote increased mineral exploration by the private sector.
~ We’ll also expand the eligible costs under the Canadian Exploration Expenses policy to include environmental studies and community consultations.

Responsible resource development p.48-49
Canada is one of the world’s great energy suppliers, providing the world with everything from oil and natural gas to coal, uranium, and biofuels.
Not surprisingly, then, the energy industry is more than a source of power. Directly and indirectly providing good jobs for more than 900,000 Canadians, and accounting for almost one third of our merchandise exports, it’s also a significant source of opportunity and prosperity.

But even those who don’t make a living in the energy industry benefit in real, substantial ways from its success. It contributes billions of dollars every year that governments spend on the programs and services that Canadians depend upon.
~ A re-elected Conservative Government will continue to support this crucial industry, and the many Canadians who depend on it for their livelihoods. This means not interfering in the independent project review process, and making final decisions on individual projects based on the science and recommendations of expert bodies.

Canada is home to vast reserves of natural gas, a resource that holds immense potential for jobs and growth for generations to come if it can be exported to meet the ever-growing demands of countries in the Asia-Pacific region. The most efficient way to do this is to transport it in liquefied form, which means establishing facilities to process our natural gas for shipping.
~ A re-elected Conservative Government will follow through with its plan to support the creation of a Liquefied Natural Gas industry, helping investors meet their start-up costs by offering an accelerated Capital Cost Allowance on machinery and equipment used in processing facilities.

Our Government has a strong record of co-funding investments in pre-commercial clean technology projects to help bring them to market. These investments are good for the environment and good for our economy.
~ A re-elected Conservative Government will continue to support Sustainable Development Technology Canada’s work to finance the development and demonstration of new, clean technologies that create efficiencies for businesses and contribute to sustainable economic development.

Building economic infrastructure p.50-52
The founders of Confederation bound our country together with a great railway because they knew a country of this size could not function without significant investments in infrastructure. It’s no different today. From highways, airports and harbours to subways, bridges and community facilities, infrastructure projects create good jobs for tens of thousands of Canadians, drive our economy, improve our quality of life, and connect us to each other.

More than 95 percent of Canada’s core public infrastructure is owned by provinces, territories, and municipalities but, since 2006, our Conservative Government has made a historic commitment to supporting public infrastructure across the country. We promised in 2006 “a better approach to fixing Canada’s infrastructure deficit,” and we’ve delivered.
Federal support for infrastructure has increased dramatically under our Government. Annual federal funding has increased from $571 million a decade ago to over $5 billion this year. And we have launched the largest, longest-running infrastructure program in Canadian history.

Altogether, our investments in infrastructure for the years 2013-2023 will total almost $85 billion. This level of investment is without precedent, and we’ve accomplished it while bringing the budget back into balance and lowering taxes.
Infrastructure is also key to trade, and Canadian products need modern infrastructure to travel efficiently to their final destinations at home and abroad. Our Government has made historic investments in improving our trade-oriented infrastructure such as ports, harbours, and rail.
Improvements include major projects at Port Metro Vancouver, the Port of Quebec, the Port of Montreal, the Saint John Harbour Bridge, and the new Gordie Howe International Bridge between Windsor and Detroit.

A re-elected Conservative Government will continue to support important economic investments such as these across the country.
~ We’ll launch the Quebec Maritime Prosperity Initiative to fund maritime and port infrastructure – including improvements to facilities for cruise ships and tall ships, such as the Quai Alexandra terminal in Montreal, the Ross Gaudreault terminal in Quebec City, and the restoration of Champlain – Foulon sector promenade.
~ We’ll fund key Asia-Pacific Gateway projects in Western Canada to strengthen our transport system and help Canadian businesses, including our farmers, get their products to market.
~ And we’ll support major public transit projects – such as Smart Track in the Greater Toronto Area, Light Rail Transit in Surrey and Ottawa, and Calgary’s Green Line – to fight gridlock, reduce travel times for commuters and businesses, and support new economic development.

Governing is about making choices. We have chosen to keep taxes low, balance the books, and invest in infrastructure because we know that these things are good for our economy and good for Canadians.
~ A re-elected Conservative government will continue to invest in core public infrastructure, to keep our economy moving forward, and to make life easier and better for Canadians.

High-speed internet access is not just a quality-of-life issue – it’s critical infrastructure that contributes to business investment, job creation, and, ultimately, economic development in rural and remote parts of our country.
Our Conservative Government has put significant effort and investments into extending high-speed broadband access to all Canadians. Our goal is to ensure that 98 percent of Canadian households have high-speed internet service by 2017, and we’re on track to meet this target.
~ A re-elected Conservative Government will build on our record of expanding rural internet access by funding high-capacity backbone – such as fibre optic cable networks or satellite – in hundreds of communities across the country, allowing people and businesses in northern and rural communities to access the internet at speeds currently enjoyed by Canadians in larger urban centres.

Supporting Northern economic development

The family home
Saving for a child’s education
Saving for a secure retirement
Tax relief for single and widowed seniors
Help for Canadians with disabilities
Supporting every family
Protecting consumers

Combating jihadi terrorism
The fight against ISIS
Protecting persecuted minorities around the world
Cyber security
Supporting Ukraine
Supporting Canada’s military
Strengthening our military assets and institutions
Northern sovereignty

National Anti-Drug Strategy
Targeting criminal gangs
Protecting seniors from fraud
Life Means Life and other justice priorities
Protecting Canadians and supporting victims

New Building Canada Plan
Standing up for Canada’s veterans
Voluntarism and civil society
Commemorating Canadian heritage and culture
Promoting arts and culture and sport
Supporting Canada’s universal, publicly-funded health care system
Finding a cure for cancer
Protecting Canada’s West Coast
Conservation and rural economic development
Preserving our natural heritage
Tackling climate change
Supporting economic and social development for Aboriginal Canadians
Strengthening Canadian citizenship
Protecting Canada’s democracy
Costing our plan p.156-159