Missouri Vol.5

Missouri1-2001Missouri2Missouri3-riversMissouri4-river


Missouri Vol.2


Colorado Vol.2


https://twitter.com/j_zelikova/status/974288609833508864


https://twitter.com/CSUEngineering/status/1022859152308064256


https://twitter.com/CSUNaturalSci/status/1020369752311541760


UK Vol.119 (England Vol.12 – East of England Vol.5)

East of England Science and Innovation Audit | @YourLEP
Cambridge named best UK city to work in but London does not make the list, Glassdoor says (12/07/2016) | Zlata Rodionova @Independent
@SmarterCam
@CamSciencePark
@CamCUSPE
@CambridgeCDBB
@CSciPol
@cambridgenlp
@CSIC_IKC
@CUTEC
@IfMCambridge
@MSFTResearchCam
@StJohnsCentre
@cambwireless
@CambConsultants
@CamServAlliance
@CRASSHlive
@CamB2B
@UCamEnterprise
@CJBS_EC
@CBG_Connect
@CambNetwork
@CambridgeIntel
@CambAhead
@CamWhatsOn
@CambsEdition
@CambridgeBID
@foodpark_Cam
@VisitCambs
@CambridgeCornEx
@businessweekly
@ideaSpace
@CDP_innovation
@egtechnology
@ttp_plc
@cambridgedesign
@Sagentia
@42Technology
Cambridge Dynamics
Cambridge Nanosystems
Cambridge Display Technology, Ltd. | SUMITOMO CHEMICAL Group Companies of Europe
Science Services | @BabrahamInst
Stories | @Co_Biologists
Intelligent technologies | @KymabLtd
@AstraZeneca in Cambridge
Is Cambridge the new centre of the UK pharma industry? (08/09/2015) | Peter Hogg @ProClinical
Cambridgeshire’s top 100 companies revealed – and profits, turnover and wages are on the rise (16/11/2017) | Paul Brackley @CambridgeIndy
The 15 Hottest Tech Companies In Cambridge (01/27/2015) | James Cook @businessinsider
Smaller companies | @CambridgeJBS
Top 50 Cleantech Growth Companies announced at Cambridge Cleantech Conference (14/06/2016) | Cambridge Cleantech


UK Vol.118 (England Vol.11 – East of England Vol.4)

University of Cambridge
@christs_college
@ChurchillCol
@ClareCollege
@clarehall_cam
@CorpusCambridge
@DarwinCollege
@downingcollege
@EmmaCambridge
@FitzwilliamColl
@GirtonCollege
@CaiusCollege
@HomertonCollege
@Hughes_Hall
@JesusCollegeCam
@Kings_College
@LucyCavColl
@magdalenealumni
@MECCambridge
@Newnham_College
@pembroke1347
@Peterhouse_Cam
@QueensCam
@RobCollConf
@Selwyn1882
@SidneySussex
@Catz_Cambridge
@StEdmundsCam
@stjohnscam
@TrinCollCam
@TrinityHallCamb
@WolfsonCam


UK Vol.117 (England Vol.10 – East of England Vol.3)

Essex
Essex1Essex2Essex3-southEssex4-SouthendOnSeaEssex5-Thurrock


Essex | Encyclopaedia Britannica
@EssexChambers
@IntEssexChamber
Greater Essex Area Review – Final Report (PDF; August 2017) | UK Department of Education
REPORT ON GREATER ESSEX ECONOMY – Executive Summary (PDF; January 2017) | Essex Economic Commission (@AngliaRuskin)
Introduction to Essex Research Paper (PDF; August2010) | Integrated County Strategy Working Group on behalf of the Essex Chief Executives Association
University of Essex Knowledge Gateway | @UKSPA
£4.7 million to boost economic growth in the east of England (12/10/2017) | @Uni_of_Essex
Essex County, England | @obspascal
Everything you wanted to know about Essex… …but were TOWIE afraid to ask. (PDF; 2015) | @VisitEssex
Strategic Countywide Economic & Housing Issues – Essex Issues Paper August 2009 | @Essex_CC
Economic Impact of Tourism (PDF; 2015) | Destination Research
Access to Harlow: Stage 1 Option Assessment Report (PDF; May 2016) | @essexhighways
A12 Chelmsford to A120 widening: Options Assessment Report (PDF) | @HighwaysEngland
Chelmsford Economic Strategy 2017 (PDF) | @ChelmsCouncil
Colchester Annual Economic Report 2015/6 (PDF) | @colchbusiness @yourcolchester
@MilbankConcrete
Opportunity South Essex – Economic Growth Strategy For South Essex (PDF; 2016)
The South East Business Hub is here to help your business on the path to growth and prosperity. | @SEBusinessHub
ECONOMIC GROWTH STRATEGY 2017-22 (PDF) | @SouthendBC
UK POLLING REPORT – Thurrock | @anthonyjwells
Our data centre sites in and around London are managed to Tier III Gold capability and designed to aid connectivity | @fujitsu_uk
Thurrock Thames Gateway Development Corporation (PDF) | @thurrockcouncil
LONDON GATEWAY PORT | @investessex


UK Vol.116 (England Vol.9 – East of England Vol.2)

counties-of-the-united-kingdom35_newcopy.jpgAroundLondon2

Hertfordshire
Hertfordshire1Hertfordshire2Hertfordshire3


Hertfordshire | Encyclopaedia Britannica
@HertsChamber
Hertfordshire Area Review – Final Report (PDF; August 2017) | UK Department of Education
Annual Report 2016/17 (PDF) | @hertscc
The Hertfordshire Economy | Hertfordshire Local Enterprise Partnership @ThreeRiversDC
Hertfordshire’s Economic Development Strategy 2009-2021 – A Summary
United Kingdom | @Berry_News
Stronghold International Ltd

Bedfordshire
Bedfordshire1Bedfordshire3


Bedfordshire | Encyclopaedia Britannica
@letstalkcentral
@BedsChamberInfo
@CranfieldUni @cranfieldmngmt
Cranfield University opens £35m aerospace centre (18/10/2017) | @BBC
Bedfordshire’s Natural Environment – its value to us all (PDF) | Bedfordshire Local Nature Partnership
@lutoncouncil
@thinkluton
@uniofbeds
2017 Vital Signs (PDF) | Bedfordshire and Luton Community Foundation


UK Vol.115 (England Vol.8 – East of England Vol.1)

England regions

East of England
EastOfEngland regionEastOfEngland
@BBCLookEast
LOCAL AUTHORITIES IN THE EAST OF ENGLAND (PDF; 01/04/2018) | UK Department of Defence
WHY UNIVERSITIES MATTER FOR THE EAST OF ENGLAND (PDF) | @UniversitiesUK
Commercialising Innovation: A Briefing Paper on historic trends and policy context (PDF) | @LGAcomms

Norfolk
EastOfEngland Norfolk


@NorfolkCC
@norfolkchamber
Norfolk Economic Intelligence Report (PDF; 2016) | Norfolk County Council
Norfolk’s Story (PDF; October 2017) | Norfolk Insight (Norfolk County Council)
Norfolk | Encyclopaedia Britannica
North Norfolk District Council
North Norfolk centre for small and start-up businesses gets a step closer | @Nwes_Group
The Impact of Brexit on North Norfolk: A discussion note (PDF; March 2018) | Martyn Sloman
@cwa_college
South Norfolk business booming, says Experian research (19/03/2012) | David Keller @BBC
Norwich economic strategy 2013-18 (PDF) | Norwich City Council
@uniofeastanglia
Your Sustainable Community Strategy for South Norfolk: Important Issues – Local Action 2008-2018 (PDF) | South Norfolk Alliance
Tour Norfolk
@prldesign

Suffolk
EastOfEngland Suffolk


@suffolkcc
@suffolkchamber
West Suffolk business fact pack (PDF) | @InvestinSuffolk
East Suffolk Economic Growth Plan, 2018-23 (PDF; Draft-v7; January 2018)
The East’s Institute of Technology (PDF)
@UniofSuffolk
@suffolknewcoll
@EastCoast_Coll
Ambitious bid to create Institute of Technology moves a step closer to success (20/06/2018) | @WestSuffolk
Colleges in Norfolk and Suffolk launch ‘collaborative’ group | Billy Camden @FEWeek
@camnano


Science and Technology Vol.6


https://twitter.com/UCDCompSci/status/972392650929303552


https://twitter.com/BBCWorld/status/971055999594450945


https://twitter.com/BathElecEng/status/987284769166823424


https://twitter.com/EU_Commission/status/1001043213866725376


https://twitter.com/BBCNews/status/986551909887676419


Science and Technology Vol.5


https://twitter.com/thisisinsider/status/937345707647758337


https://twitter.com/PrecisionHomes_/status/1002117939607326721


Science and Technology Vol.4


Science and Technology Vol.3


Science and Technology Vol.2


Science and Technology Vol.1

RTs by @WSlightly in 2018.


Predictions Vol.2 (FIFA World Cup 2018)

Here are reports, articles, tables, et al. on predictions of the FIFA World Cup 2018.

Investing and football: Special edition – 2018 World Cup in Russia (PDF; May 2018) | UBS
p10: What investors can learn from successful football teams – Agility. Balance. Calm. …
p18: Table 1
UBS ran 10,000 simulations of the World Cup — and one team is the head and shoulders above the rest (06/14/2018) | BusinessInsider

The World Cup and Economics 2018 (w PDF) | Goldman Sachs
PDF
p7: Russia
p11: Belgium
p12: Brazil
p15: Croatia
p18: England
p19: France
p36: Sweden
p39: Uruguay
pp40-42: World Cup trends viewed through a (light-hearted) economic lens
Goldman Sachs Predicts The 2018 FIFA World Cup Champs Using AI | LEGAL GAMBLING – AND THE LAW –
cf.
The World Cup and Economics 2014 (PDF) | Goldman Sachs
Goldman Sachs has predicted the winner of Euro 2016 — and it isn’t England (06/06/2016) | Will Martin @BusinessInsider

Machine learning predicts World Cup winner: Researchers have predicted the outcome after simulating the entire soccer tournament 100,000 times. (06/12/2018) | MIT Technology review
Andreas Groll at the Technical University of Dortmund …

Probabilistic forecasts for the 2018 FIFA World Cup based on the bookmaker consensus model (PDF) | Achim Zeileis, Christoph Leitner, Kurt Hornik @ University of Innsbruck eeecon

Bisnode predicts the winner of the world cup 2018 will be… (PDF)

2018 World Cup Predictions | FiveThirtyEight

Download a free World Cup 2018 Excel spreadsheet for predictions & sweepstakes | Ben Green @101greatgoals

World Cup Betting Odds: Win Market | oddschecker

World Cup 2018: Brazil still best bet in outright winner odds (04/07/2018) | Tony Kelshaw @bwin

WORLD CUP 2018 PREDICTIONS | @fbpredictions


Predictions Vol.1 (“Prediction of the FIFA World Cup 2018”)

The below rough excerpt of Prediction of the FIFA World Cup 2018 – A random forest approach with an emphasis on estimated team ability parameters (PDF; 06/08/2018) | Andreas Groll, Christophe Ley, Gunther Schauberger, Hans Van Eetvelde is on our own.

p.1: …four previous FIFA World Cups 2002 – 2014: Poisson regression models, random forests and ranking methods. …
p.2: … By aggregating the winning odds from several online bookmakers and transforming those into winning probabilities, inverse tournament simulation can be used to compute team-specific abilities… With the team-specific abilities all single matches are simulated via paired comparisons and, hence, the complete tournament course is obtained. Using this approach, Zeileis, Leitner, and Hornik (2018) forecast Brazil to win the FIFA World Cup 2018 with a probability of 16.6%, followed by Germany (15.8%) and Spain (12.5%).
…(Audran, Bolliger, Kolb, Mariscal, and Pilloud, 2018): they obtain Germany as top favorite with a winning probability of 24.0%, followed by Brazil (19.8%) and Spain (16.1%). They use a statistical model based on four factors that are supposed to indicate how well a team will be doing during the tournament: the Elo rating, the teams’ performances in the qualifications preceding the World Cup, the teams’ success in previous World Cup tournaments and a home advantage. …
p.5:
Economic Factors [GDP per capita, Population],
Sportive factors [ODDSET probability, FIFA rank],
Home advantage [Host, Continent, Confederation],
Factors describing the team’s structure [(Second) maximum number of teammates, Average age, Number of Champions League (Europa League) players, Number of players abroad/Legionnaires],
Factors describing the team’s coach
p.8: 3.1 Random forests
…an aggregation of a (large) number of classification or regression trees (CARTs). …to find partitions such that the respective response values are very homogeneous within a partition but very heterogeneous between partitions. CARTs can be used both for metric response (regression trees) and for nominal/ordinal responses (classification trees). The most frequent visualization tool for CARTs is the so-called dendrogram…
p.11: 3.2 Regression
…the scores of the competing teams are treated as (conditionally) independent variables following a Poisson distribution (conditioned on certain covariates)…
p.13: 3.3 Ranking methods
…how Poisson models can be used to lead to rankings that reflect a team’s current ability… The main idea consists in assigning a strength parameter to every team and in estimating those parameters over a period of M matches via weighted maximum likelihood, where the weights are of two types: time depreciation and match importance…
… The match importance weights are directly inherited from the official FIFA ranking and can take the values 1 for a friendly game, 2.5 for a confederation or world cup qualifier, 3 for a confederation tournament…, and 4 for World Cup matches. …
p.15: 3.4 Combining methods
1. Form a training data set containing three out of four World Cups.
5. Compare predicted and real outcomes for all prediction methods.
p.16: …three different performance measures to compare the predictive power of the methods:
…the multinomial likelihood, the classification rate, the rank probability score (RPS)…

p.20: 4 Prediction of the FIFA World Cup 2018
…combination of a random forest with adequate team ability estimates from a ranking method… The abilities were estimated by the bivariate
Poisson model with a half period of 3 years. All matches of the 228 national teams played since 2010-06-13 up to 2018-06-06 are used for the estimation, what results in a total of more than 7000 matches. All further predictor variables are taken as the latest values shortly before the World Cup…
4.1 Probabilities for FIFA World Cup 2018 Winner
…according to our random forest model, Spain is the favored team with a predicted winning probability of 17.8% followed by Germany, Brazil,
France and Belgium. … While Oddset favors Germany and Brazil, the random forest model predicts a slight advantage for Spain. …
p.21: Table 8: Estimated probabilities (in %) for reaching the different stages in the FIFA World Cup 2018 for all 32 teams based on 100,000 simulation runs of the FIFA World Cup together with winning probabilities based on the ODDSET odds.
p.22: Figure 4: Winning probabilities conditional on reaching the single stages of the tournament for the five favored teams.
p.23: 4.2 Most probable tournament course
… While in Group B and Group G the model forecasts Spain followed by Portugal as well as Belgium followed by England with rather high probabilities of 38.5% and 38.1%, respectively, other groups such as Group A, Group F and Group H seem to be more volatile. …
According to the most probable tournament course, instead of the Spanish the German team would win the World Cup. However, again it becomes obvious
that with (in that case) Switzerland the German team has to face a much stronger opponent than Spain in the round-of-sixteen. Even though still being the favorite in this match, they would succeed to move on to the quarter finals only with a probability of 61%. While in the most probable course of the knock-out stage, though having tough times in all single stages, Germany would make its way into the final and defend the title…
p.24: Table 9: Most probable final group standings together with the corresponding probabilities for the FIFA World Cup 2018 based on 100,000 simulation runs.
5 Concluding remarks
random forests, Poisson regression models and ranking methods. The former two approaches incorporate covariate information of the opposing teams, while the latter method pro-
p.25: Figure 5: Most probable course of the knockout stage together with corresponding probabilities for the FIFA World Cup 2018 based on 100,000 simulation runs.
vides team ability parameters which serve as adequate estimates of the current team strengths. …by incorporating the team ability parameters from the ranking methods as an additional covariate into the random forest the predictive power becomes substantially increased, leading to the best model capable of beating the bookmakers. …
p.26: …the fact that overall Spain is slightly favored over Germany is mainly due to the fact that Germany has a comparatively high chance to drop out in the round-of-sixteen. Actually, conditioned that Germany reaches the quarter finals, it overtakes Spain…


Virginia Vol.3


Virginia Vol.2


https://twitter.com/VSUTrojans/status/1006896826161729536


Arkansas Vol.2

Arkansas1
Arkansas2
@arkansasgov
@CityLittleRock
City of Fort Smith blog
City of Fayetteville GIS Interactive Maps
City of Springdale GIS & Interactive Mapping
@CityofJonesboro


Minnesota Vol.5


Switzerland Vol.2


https://twitter.com/VisitZurich/status/965986923356434432


https://twitter.com/Trace_EPFL/status/988384213962502145


https://twitter.com/heclausanne/status/983268473169174528


Middle East Vol.9 (Iran and miscellaneous)

Op-ed: The Fruits of Iran’s Victory in Syria | Ariane Tabatabai @Lawfare
Donald Trump Doesn’t Understand What’s Happening in Iran (01/01/2018) | Ariane Tabatabai @TheAtlantic
“Fix” the Iran deal, but don’t move the goalposts (01/18/2018) | Robert Einhorn @BrookingsInst


How to Stop Iran’s Missile Program (12/10/2017) | Henry Sokolski and William H. Tobe @TheNatlInterest
How the Trump Administration is Boosting Iran’s Hardliners (10/10/2017) | Ariane Tabatabai @TheAtlantic
Managing U.S.-Iran Relations: Critical Lessons from the Iran-Iraq War (w PDF; November 2017) | Ariane Tabatabai Annie Tracy Samuel
Afghanistan: Another Victory for Tehran? (10/08/2017) | Ariane Tabatabai @lawfareblog https://lawfareblog.com/afghanistan-another-victory-tehran Nuclear Energy and the Spread of Nuclear Weapons: How Worried Should We Be? (w PDF; November 2017) | Nicholas L Miller @Journal_IS
Why Nuclear Energy Programs Rarely Lead to Proliferation (Fall 2017) | Nicholas L Miller @Journal_IS
Former Obama Deputy Secretary of Energy Dan Poneman On The Key Component To Lowering CO2 Emissions: Nuclear Power (Voice; 06/06/2017) | Hugh Hewitt


A Trump doctrine for the Middle East (04/16/2018) | Martin S. Indyk @BrookingsInst

Why Israel Needs to Escalate Its Threats Against Iran ? Right Now (04/14/2018) | Chuck Freilich @Haaretz
How the peace process killed the two-state solution (04/12/2018) | Khaled Elgindy @BrookingsInst
Israel and Trump are at odds on Syria (04/11/2018) | Natan Sachs @BrookingsInst


Alabama Vol.4

Alabama1
ALABAMA | @HISTORY
@GovernorKayIvey
Game-changing Projects Fuel Growth in Alabama’s Evolving Economy (26/02/2018) | Governor Kay Ivey
@EDPAlabama
@MadeInAL
Alabama Economy
Alabama’s Changing Economy through the Twentieth Century
Amazing Alabama
Alabama State Economy
@alabamapolicy
Immigrants and the economy in Alabama | New American Economy
QuickFacts | United States Census Bureau
Economy at a Glance – Alabama
Alabama (PDF; 03/22/2018) | BEA
Alabama Market Profile: State’s Economy Is On The Upswing (02/13/2018) | Alissa Marchat @theshelbyreport
UAB Annual Impact on the Alabama Economy
Economic Development | THE UNIVERSITY OF ALABAMA SYSTEM
Business Alabama publishes 2018 Economic Development Guide (10/08/2017) | Jerry Underwood @ALABAMAPOWER
Trade and Prosperity in the States: The Case of Alabama (w PDF; 09/14/2017) | Bryan Riley @Heritage
Alabama Small Business Economic Profile (PDF) | SBA
@AlaAgriculture
@AlfaFarmers
Alabama’s Top 10 Agricultural Commodities (02/27/2015) | Hannah Patterson @FarmFlavor
Agriculture | Alabama Maps (UA)
Alabama Manufacturing Facts (PDF) | Center for Manufacturing Research
A HEALTHY IMPACT: FRUITS AND VEGETABLES BOOST ALABAMA’S ECONOMY (05/17/2017) | Paul Hollis @AlfaFarmers
Biopharmaceutical Sector Impact on Alabama’s Economy (PDF) | PhRMA
Alabama physicians contribute billions to state economy (03/02/2018) | @AlabamaToday


New Jersey Vol.3

NewJersey
The State of New Jersey Departments & Agencies
@cityofnewarknj
@JC_Gov
PatersonNJCityHall
@CityofElizabeth
City of Trenton
Faststats – New Jersey | NEW JERSEY REALTORS
New Jersey | Forbes
New Jersey Economy at a Glance | State of New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development
Economy at a Glance | BLS
New Jersey Economy
OP-ED: RESURRECTING NEW JERSEY’S ECONOMY (02/02/2018) | BAYE ADOFO-WILSON @njspotlight
New Jersey is Well Positioned for Strong Future Economic Growth: Armed with data, NJBIA will work with policymakers to chart successful course. (12/01/2015) | Joel L. Naroff @NJBmagazine
@njdotcom
@njchamber
@njbusiness
@ChooseNJ
@CommerceNJ
@NJDA1
@NJEDATech
@NewJerseyFuture
@NJPolicy
@PlanSmartNJ
@InnovationNJ
@BioNJ_Org
@HINJ_ORG
@ChemistryNJ
@Health_NJ
@Energy_NJ
Environment New Jersey Research & Policy Center
@RDCouncilNJ
@NewarkRBP
@NJIT
@TheCUEED
@RutgersCSHP
@RutgersFIC
@KingsFoodMkts
@eatathome
NJ Farm Facts | State of New Jersey Department of Agriculture Jersey Fresh
@NJLCV
@HUDNY_NJ
Water at Princeton
@SUEZwaterNJ
@njamwater
Beaches in New Jersey
Northern New Jersey (PDF; 2006)
Nuclear power is vital to the New Jersey economy (12/22/2017) | RICHARD JACKSON @politico


Ireland Vol.26 (Economy, Technology, et al.)


Indiana Vol.3


Indiana Vol.2


New Mexico Vol.4

USNewMexico
State of New Mexico citizen
City of Albuquerque Department Listing
@abqchamber blog
City of Las Cruces news
City of Rio Rancho GOVERNMENT
City of Santa Fe TOURISM Santa Fe


https://twitter.com/MeowWolf1/status/964568806768046080


https://twitter.com/AndresT23/status/948604206465912832


New Mexico Vol.3


Middle East Vol.5 (Iran Vol.5 – Nuclear Agreement Vol.5)


https://twitter.com/_JMBP_/status/947652984183427073