Free papers, reports, et al. Vol.41


Trans-Pacific Partnership #TPP Vol.3 (Miscellaneous)

TPP: What is it and why does it matter? (23/01/2018) | @BBC


https://twitter.com/megareg_iilj/status/966124209805066241
https://twitter.com/AustraliaInJPN/status/976730290113712128


https://twitter.com/ChileMFA/status/971767287761068032


https://twitter.com/ChileMFA/status/971499987958947841
https://twitter.com/Minrel_Chile/status/971880873363681280


Free Trade vs. Fair Trade: Ideology vs. Reality (01/25/2017) | Peter Augsten
Negotiations for a Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement | William Krist (w Kent Hughes) @WilsonCenter
The Economic Impact of the Trans-Pacific Partnership: What Have We Learned from CGE Simulation? (PDF) | John Gilbert, Taiji Furusawa, Robert Scollay
Trans-Pacific Partnership: a TiPPing point for global trade? (PDF; 11/24/2015) | @eulerhermes
UNDERSTANDING THE REGIONAL COMPREHENSIVE ECONOMIC PARTNERSHIP AND THE TRANS- PACIFIC PARTNERSHIP: AN ASEAN PERSPECTIVE (PDF) | Sanchita Basu Das @BrookingsInst
Mega-Regional Trade Deals in the Asia-Pacific: Choosing Between the TPP and RCEP? (PDF; 2015) | JEFFREY D. WILSON @EconUUtah


Australia Vol.15 / Trans-Pacific Partnership #TPP Vol.2

TRANS_PACIFIC PARTNERSHIP AGREEMENT | @dfat
TRANS_PACIFIC PARTNERSHIP AGREEMENT (PDF) | @dfat,@AusUnlimited
What you need to know: CPTPP (14/03/2018) | @meatlivestock
The Trans-Pacific Partnership as a Development of the Australia-United States Free Trade Agreement: Services Liberalization and Investment Protection (17/10/2016) | Tania Voon, Andrew D. Mitchell
Global Trade and Customs Journal | @cchaustralia
TRANS-PACIFIC PARTNERSHIP (TPP) AGREEMENT ANALYSIS OF REGULATORY IMPACT ON AUSTRALIA (PDF; 27/11/2015)


https://twitter.com/dfat/status/975548675639398400


https://twitter.com/dfat/status/974105425007214592
https://twitter.com/dfat/status/973729209230249984


US Policy Changes Vol.82 (Asia Vol.2)

Great stuff!

Can China Back Down? Crisis De-escalation in the Shadow of Popular Opposition (w PDF; Winter 2017/18) | Kai Quek, Alastair Iain Johnston @BelferCenter
The autocrat’s Achilles’ heel (02/05/2018) | Alina Polyakova and Torrey Taussig
One Kim to rule them all (02/18/2018) | Nicholas Eberstadt @AEI
THE EDUCATION OF KIM JONG-UN (February 2018) | JUNG H. PAK @BrookingsInst
US Approach to Russia in New Nuclear Posture Review Risks Boosting Chances of Conflict (02/02/2018) | Jon Wolfsthal @russia_matters


Ex-CIA analysts explain why a bloody nose policy on North Korea would backfire (02/12/2018) | Jung H. Pak, Sue Mi Terry, and Bruce Klingner @BrookingsInst


US Policy Changes Vol.74 (National Security Strategy)

The below excerpt of National Security Strategy of the United States of America DECEMBER 2017 (PDF) is on our own.

The American people elected me to make America great again. …
During my first year in office, you have witnessed my America First foreign policy in action. …
The United States faces an extraordinarily dangerous world, filled with a wide range of threats that have intensified in recent years. …
We are rallying the world against the rogue regime in North Korea and confronting the danger posed by the dictatorship in Iran, which those determined to pursue a flawed nuclear deal had neglected. …
At home, we have restored confidence in America’s purpose. …
The whole world is lifted by America’s renewal and the reemergence of American leadership. …

pp.1-4 INTRODUCTION
… Putting America first is the duty of our government and the foundation for U.S. leadership in the world.
A strong America is in the vital interests of not only the American people, but also those around the world who want to partner with the United States in pursuit of shared interests, values, and aspirations.
… Liberty and independence have given us the flourishing society Americans enjoy today-a vibrant and confident Nation, welcoming of disagreement and differences, but united by the bonds of history, culture, beliefs, and principles that define who we are.
… American political, business, and military leaders worked together with their counterparts in Europe and Asia to shape the post-war order through the United Nations, the Marshall Plan, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), and other institutions designed to advance our shared interests of security, freedom, and peace. …
A Competitive World
… China and Russia challenge American power, influence, and interests, attempting to erode American security and prosperity. …
…jihadist terrorists such as ISIS and al-Qa’ida continue to spread a barbaric ideology that calls for the violent destruction of governments and innocents they consider to be apostates. …
… North Korea-a country that starves its own people-has spent hundreds of millions of dollars on nuclear, chemical, and biological weapons that could threaten our homeland. …
An America First National Security Strategy
First, our fundamental responsibility is to protect the American people, the homeland, and the American way of life.
Second, we will promote American prosperity. …
Third, we will preserve peace through strength by rebuilding our military so that it remains preeminent, deters our adversaries, and if necessary, is able to fight and win. …
Fourth, we will advance American influence because a world that supports American interests and reflects our values makes America more secure and prosperous. …

pp.7-14 PILLAR I: PROTECT THE AMERICAN PEOPLE, THE HOMELAND, AND THE AMERICAN WAY OF LIFE (“July 2017”)
… North Korea seeks the capability to kill millions of Americans with nuclear weapons. … Non-state actors undermine social order through drug and human trafficking networks…
Secure U.S. Borders and Territory
Defend Against Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD)
…deploying a layered missile defense system focused on North Korea and Iran to defend… Enhanced missile defense is not intended to undermine strategic stability or disrupt longstanding strategic relationships with Russia or China. …
Combat Biothreats and Pandemics
Strengthen Border Control and Immigration Policy
Pursue Threats to Their Source
Defeat Jihadist Terrorists
Dismantle Transnational Criminal Organizations
Keep America Safe in the Cyber Era
…assess risk across six key areas: national security, energy and power, banking and finance, health and safety, communications, and transportation. …
Promote American Resilience

pp.17-23 PILLAR II: PROMOTE AMERICAN PROSPERITY (“November 2017”)
… Working with our allies and partners, the United States led the creation of a group of financial institutions and other economic forums that established equitable rules and built instruments to stabilize the international economy and remove the points of friction that had contributed to two world wars. …
… Experience shows that these countries distorted and undermined key economic institutions without undertaking significant reform of their economies or politics. They espouse free trade rhetoric and exploit its benefits, but only adhere selectively to the rules and agreements. …
Rejuvenate the Domestic Economy
… Departments and agencies will eliminate unnecessary regulations that stifle growth, drive up costs for American businesses, impede research and development, discourage hiring, and incentivize domestic businesses to move overseas. …
… Federal, state, and local governments will work together with private industry to improve our airports, seaports and waterways, roads and railways, transit systems, and telecommunications. …
Promote Free, Fair, and Reciprocal Economic Relationships
…will pursue bilateral trade and investment agreements with countries that commit to fair and reciprocal trade and will modernize existing agreements to ensure they are consistent with those principles. …
Lead in Research, Technology, Invention, and Innovation
… The Department of Defense and other agencies will establish strategic partnerships with U.S. companies to help align private sector R&D resources to priority national security applications. …
Promote and Protect the U.S. National Security Innovation Base
…will reduce the illicit appropriation of U.S. public and private sector technology and technical knowledge by hostile foreign competitors. …
…will review visa procedures to reduce economic theft by non-traditional intelligence collectors. …
Embrace Energy Dominance
…will streamline the Federal regulatory approval processes for energy infrastructure, from pipeline and export terminals to container shipments and gathering lines, while also ensuring responsible environmental stewardship.

pp.25-35 PILLAR III: PRESERVE PEACE THROUGH STRENGTH (“DECEMBER 2017”)
… Three main sets of challengers-the revisionist powers of China and Russia, the rogue states of Iran and North Korea, and transnational threat organizations, particularly jihadist terrorist groups-are actively competing against the United States and our allies and partners. …
… China and Russia want to shape a world antithetical to U.S. values and interests. China seeks to displace the United States in the Indo-Pacific region, expand the reaches of its state-driven economic model, and reorder the region in its favor. Russia seeks to restore its great power status and establish spheres of influence near its borders. The intentions of both nations are not necessarily fixed. …
For decades, U.S. policy was rooted in the belief that support for China’s rise and for its integration into the post-war international order would liberalize China. Contrary to our hopes, China expanded its power at the expense of the sovereignty of others. China gathers and exploits data on an unrivaled scale and spreads features of its authoritarian system, including corruption and the use of surveillance. It is building the most capable and well-funded military in the world, after our own. Its nuclear arsenal is growing and diversifying. Part of China’s military modernization and economic expansion is due to its access to the U.S. innovation economy, including America’s world-class universities.
Russia aims to weaken U.S. influence in the world and divide us from our allies and partners. …
Renew America’s Competitive Advantages
Renew Capabilities
Military
Defense Industrial Base
…will work with industry partners to strengthen U.S. competitiveness in key technologies and manufacturing capabilities. …
Nuclear Forces
Space
… America’s newly re-established National Space Council, chaired by the Vice President, will review America’s long-range space goals and develop a strategy that integrates all space sectors to support innovation and American leadership in space.
Cyberspace
Intelligence
… To prevent the theft of sensitive and proprietary information and maintain supply chain integrity, the United States must increase our understanding of the economic policy priorities of our adversaries and improve our ability to detect and defeat their attempts to commit economic espionage. …
Diplomacy and Statecraft
Competitive Diplomacy
… Diplomacy is indispensable to identify and implement solutions to conflicts in unstable regions of the world short of military involvement. It helps to galvanize allies for action and marshal the collective resources of like-minded nations and organizations to address shared problems. Authoritarian states are eager to replace the United States where the United States withdraws our diplomats and closes our outposts. …
… Diplomats must identify opportunities for commerce and cooperation, and facilitate the cultural, educational, and people-to-people exchanges that create the networks of current and future political, civil society, and educational leaders who will extend a free and prosperous world.
Tools of Economic Diplomacy
… Economic tools?including sanctions, anti-money-laundering and anti-corruption measures, and enforcement actions?can be important parts of broader strategies to deter, coerce, and constrain adversaries. …
Information Statecraft
… China, for example, combines data and the use of AI to rate the loyal of its citizens to the state and uses these ratings to determine jobs and more. Jihadist…
Russia uses information operations as part of its offensive cyber efforts to influence public opinion across the globe. …
… Local voices are most compelling and effective in ideological competitions. We must amplify credible voices and partner with them to advance alternatives to violent and hateful messages. …

pp.37-42 PILLAR IV: ADVANCE AMERICAN INFLUENCE (“JULY 2017″)
… During the Cold War, a totalitarian threat from the Soviet Union motivated the free world to create coalitions in defense of liberty. Today’s challenges to free societies are just as serious, but more diverse. …
… The United States offers partnership to those who share our aspirations for freedom and prosperity. We lead by example. “The world has its eye upon America,” Alexander Hamilton once observed. “The noble struggle we have made in the cause of liberty, has occasioned a kind of revolution in human sentiment. …
Encourage Aspiring Partners
… China and Russia target their investments in the developing world to expand influence and gain competitive advantages against the United States. China is investing billions of dollars in infrastructure across the globe. Russia, too, projects its influence economically, through the control of key energy and other infrastructure throughout parts of Europe and Central Asia. …
… The United States will promote a development model that partners with countries that want progress, consistent with their culture, based on free market principles, fair and reciprocal trade, private sector activity, and rule of law. The United States will shift away from a reliance on assistance based on grants to approaches that attract private capital and catalyze private sector activity. …
Achieve Better Outcomes in Multilateral Forums
… Authoritarian actors have long recognized the power of multilateral bodies and have used them to advance their interests and limit the freedom of their own citizens. If the United States cedes leadership of these bodies to adversaries, opportunities to shape developments that are positive for the United States will be lost. All institutions are not equal, however. …
… The United Nations can help contribute to solving many of the complex problems in the world, but it must be reformed and recommit to its founding principles. We will require accountability and emphasize shared responsibility among members. If the United States is asked to provide a disproportionate level of support for an institution, we will expect a commensurate degree of influence over the direction and efforts of that institution. …
…  The United States will promote the free flow of data and protect its interests through active engagement in key organizations, such as the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN), the Internet Governance Forum (IGF), the UN, and the International Telecommunication Union (ITU).
Champion American Values
… America’s core principles, enshrined in the Declaration of Independence, are secured by the Bill of Rights, which proclaims our respect for fundamental individual liberties beginning with the freedoms of religion, speech, the press, and assembly. Liberty, free enterprise, equal justice under the law, and the dignity of every human life are central to who we are as a people. …
… We support, with our words and actions, those who live under oppressive regimes and who seek freedom, individual dignity, and the rule of law. We are under no obligation to offer the benefits of our free and prosperous community to repressive regimes and human rights abusers. We may use diplomacy, sanctions, and other tools to isolate states and leaders who threaten our interests and whose actions run contrary to our values. …

pp.45-53 THE STRATEGY IN A REGIONAL CONTEXT
Indo-Pacific
… Although the United States seeks to continue to cooperate with China… Its efforts to build and militarize outposts in the South China Sea endanger the free flow of trade, threaten the sovereignty of other nations, and undermine regional stability. China has mounted a rapid military modernization campaign designed to limit U.S. access to the region…
… Our alliance and friendship with South Korea, forged by the trials of history, is stronger than ever. We welcome and support the strong leadership role of our critical ally, Japan. Australia has fought alongside us in every significant conflict since World War I… New Zealand is a key U.S. partner contributing to peace and security across the region. We welcome India’s emergence as a leading global power and stronger strategic and defense partner. We will seek to increase quadrilateral cooperation with Japan, Australia, and India.
In Southeast Asia, the Philippines and Thailand remain important allies and markets for Americans. Vietnam, Indonesia, Malaysia, and Singapore are growing security and economic partners of the United States. …
… We will work with allies and partners to achieve complete, verifiable, and irreversible denuclearization on the Korean Peninsula and preserve the non-proliferation regime in Northeast Asia.
…we will cooperate on missile defense with Japan and South Korea to move toward an area defense capability. We remain ready to respond with overwhelming force to North Korean aggression and will improve options to compel denuclearization of the peninsula. We will improve law enforcement, defense, and intelligence cooperation with Southeast Asian partners to address the growing terrorist threat. We will maintain our strong ties with Taiwan in accordance with our “One China” policy…
Europe
… Russia is using subversive measures to weaken the credibility of America’s commitment to Europe, undermine transatlantic unity, and weaken European institutions and governments. With its invasions of Georgia and Ukraine…
China is gaining a strategic foothold in Europe by expanding its unfair trade practices and investing in key industries, sensitive technologies, and infrastructure. Europe also faces immediate threats from violent Islamist extremists. Attacks by ISIS and other jihadist…
… We will encourage European foreign direct investment in the United States to create jobs. We will work with our allies and partners to diversify European energy sources to ensure the energy security of European countries. We will work with our partners to contest China’s unfair trade and economic practices and restrict its acquisition of sensitive technologies.
… We expect our European allies to increase defense spending to 2 percent of gross domestic product by 2024, with 20 percent of this spending devoted to increasing military capabilities. …
Middle East
… For generations the conflict between Israel and the Palestinians has been understood as the prime irritant preventing peace and prosperity in the region. Today, the threats from jihadist terrorist organizations and the threat from Iran are creating the realization that Israel is not the cause of the region’s problems. States have increasingly found common interests with Israel in confronting common threats. …
… We remain committed to helping our partners achieve a stable and prosperous region, including through a strong and integrated Gulf Cooperation Council. We will strengthen our long-term strategic partnership with Iraq as an independent state. We will seek a settlement to the Syrian civil war that sets the conditions for refugees to return home and rebuild their lives in safety. … We remain committed to helping facilitate a comprehensive peace agreement that is acceptable to both Israelis and Palestinians. …
South and Central Asia
… We will help South Asian nations maintain their sovereign as China increases its influence in the region. …
Western Hemisphere
Stable, friendly, and prosperous states in the Western Hemisphere enhance our security and benefit our economy. Democratic states connected by shared values and economic interests will reduce the violence, drug trafficking, and illegal immigration that threaten our common security…
… Transnational criminal organizations—including gangs and cartels—perpetuate violence and corruption, and threaten the stability of Central American states including Guatemala, Honduras, and El Salvador. In Venezuela and Cuba, governments cling to anachronistic leftist authoritarian models that continue to fail their people. Competitors have found operating space in the hemisphere.
China seeks to pull the region into its orbit through state-led investments and loans. Russia continues its failed politics of the Cold War by bolstering its radical Cuban allies as Cuba continues to repress its citizens. Both China and Russia support the dictatorship in Venezuela and are seeking to expand military linkages and arms sales across the region. …
Africa
… China is expanding its economic and military presence in Africa, growing from a small investor in the continent two decades ago into Africa’s largest trading partner today. Some Chinese practices undermine Africa’s long-term development by corrupting elites, dominating extractive industries, and locking countries into unsustainable and opaque debts and commitments. …
… We will offer American goods and services, both because it is profitable for us and because it serves as an alternative to China’s often extractive economic footprint on the continent. …

p.55 CONCLUSION
… It is realist because it acknowledges the central role of power in international politics, affirms that sovereign states are the best hope for a peaceful world, and clearly defines our national interests. It is principled because it is grounded in the knowledge that advancing American principles spreads peace and prosperity around the globe. We are guided by our values and disciplined by our interests. …


Free papers, reports, et al. Vol.25

Here are tweets of great stuff retweeted by @_WorldSolutions.


Australia Vol.14


https://twitter.com/canzuk/status/886323786424954884


https://twitter.com/Shell/status/881783695480430592


Free papers, reports, et al. Vol.16

Here are tweets which include reports/articles (citing others), videos, voices, et al.

https://twitter.com/BUPardeeSchool/status/884268449660194817


Free papers, reports, et al. Vol.7

Here are @_WorldSolutions’ RTs which include free papers, reports (citing others), et al.


Australia Vol.13 (Victoria)

cf. TOURISM INDUSTRY RESOURCES | @DEDJTR   Financial data sets | @TreasuryVic   The Australian Economy and Financial Markets – Chart Pack (PDF; April 2017) | @RBAInfo

Cf. #AnzacDay   The Anzac Centenary | @Anzac100Vic   Gallipoli Oaks Project | @VicGovtNews   Gallipoli: Six tales of valour and a missing Victoria Cross | @BBC   Gallipoli | @AWMemorial   Gallipoli and the Anzacs

ANZAC Day in New Zealand | @timeanddate   The Gallipoli campaign: Page 1 – Introduction | New Zealand History   Far more NZ troops at Gallipoli than first thought | @radionz

https://twitter.com/RyanKellyMusic/status/856652094144741376


Easter 2017

Here are articles on Easter. Excerpts are on our own.

The Economics Of Easter (4/12/2017) | Rutger Bloemenkarr @The_MarketMogul   … According to @NRFnews’s annual Easter Spending Survey, which surveyed 7411 American customers about their Easter Sunday plans at the beginning of March, the total amount that is expected to be spent in the US is $18.4bn in 2017, which is approximately $152 dollar a person. This is considered to be the highest amount in 14 years, up by about 6% compared to 2016. …consumers are expected to spend $5.8bn on food, $3.3bn on clothes, $2.9bn on gifts, $2.6bn on candy, $1.2bn on flowers, $1.1bn on decorations, and $788mn on greeting cards. … The majority of Americans, about 58% to precise, visit discount stores to purchase their gift of preference, while the remainder visit department stores (46%), local stores (26%), or online stores (27%). … Almost two out of three Americans (61%) will visit their family and/or friends for Easter, 57% will cook a holiday-oriented meal, a majority visit church (52%), and a small portion go to a restaurant (17%). Additionally, more than one-third of the consumers surveyed (35%) are expected to have a so-called Easter egg hunt. Lastly, 16%…  According to @smallbiztrends…

Easter in Canada | @dgreetings   … – Eggs are forbidden during Lent but after fasting they are consumed mixed with maple syrup. Also special Easter passion plays and songs are performed at the major theatres and community halls of the major cities of Canada.    – A typical Canadian Easter is characterized by its mouthwatering and sumptuous recipes of ‘Maple Baked Beans’, ‘Potatoes Nicoise’, ‘Cape Breton Scones’ and apple tart. Thus, Easter in Canada is an event worth enjoying for its wide festive activities.

The Easter Egg Hunt, the Economy and the New Game (6/4/2015) | @LearntSchool @HuffPostUK   … @charliehoehn,@FreeRangeHumans,@ajjuliani …

Britain to benefit from 1.8 per cent boost to economy this Easter:  BRITAIN’S economy will grow by 1.8 per cent this year according to upgraded forecasts from the EY ITEM Club, thanks to a recovery in global trade. (9/4/2017) | Geoff Ho @Daily_Express    Easter: Quarter of UK Christians do not believe in the resurrection of Jesus Christ, survey reveals (11/4/2017)     Irish business owners urged to be vigilant this Easter (13/4/2017) | Robert McHugh @BusinessWorldIE

Canberra’s experts divided over economics of Easter holidays (10/4/2017) | @DavidTuckwell3 @The_RiotACT   … According to @CBRBusiness, the territory’s top business lobby, the effect can be negative as public holidays mean penalty rates, and penalty rates mean unemployment. “Generally speaking, penalty rates on public holidays make businesses think staying open on a public holiday is just not viable,”… “Some businesses – particularly small businesses – look at their cost of operation compared to potential income and think it’s not commercially viable to open.” … “The problem with this entire penalty rates debate is the ‘fallacy of composition’,” says @MattGrudnoff, an economist at @TheAusInstitute, a left-leaning think tank based in Civic. … According to Professor Phil Lewis, an economist at @UniCanberra, there are both moral and economic considerations to keep in mind. “If you have a public holiday, employers who pay the award will be obliged to pay $45 an hour for a person on the lowest wage. …some businesses will stay open, especially family-owned businesses, as family members won’t demand penalty rate…

Retailers baffled by Easter trading laws (11/4/2017) | Matthew Theunissen @nzherald   … A recent law change gave local councils the authority to permit Easter Sunday trading and 25 mostly smaller councils have so far taken up the option. … Five councils have continued with the the ban while all major centres are yet to reach decisions. Shops which open in the restricted areas risk a prosecution and $1000 fine. … There are exemptions to the Easter trading laws, and some of them are quite unusual. Dunedin’s Carnegie Centre has an exemption to sell arts, crafts, children’s toys and books on Easter Sunday. “Toys and books sold only while performances happening on the mezzanine floor,”… In Nelson, crafts can be sold “whenever Founders Park is open”. @nelsoncitynz has been approached for clarification on whether this means any shop can sell crafts while the park is open, or only shops within the park. A clearer definition of “crafts” was also sought from the council. … Other exemptions include dairies, service stations, takeaways, bars, restaurants and cafes, duty-free stores and shops providing services rather than selling goods, such as a hairdresser. … The industry had fought hard to get the exemption and Odering could not understand why it didn’t include Friday, too. … Since 1992, Odering said the his business had paid in excess of $20,000 in fines, Department of Labour Fees and court costs because they had refused to shut shop over Easter. @RetailNZ spokesman… @MBIEgovtnz data shows that prosecutions for shops illegally opening over Easter steadily declined from 63 in 2006, to 34 in 2008, 28 in 2010, 25 in 2012, 0 in 2014 and 3 in 2016. …

Easter to bring a million foreign tourists to Netherlands (4/13/2017) | Janene Pieters   About 950 thousand foreign tourists will spend Easter weekend in the Netherlands, according to calculations by @NBTC. “It is expected to be very busy”, a spokesperson said to @NOS. “In comparison with last year, we expect 100 thousand more tourists.” Most foreign visitors come from Germany, about 600 thousand. And over 200 thousand Belgians are expected to visit this weekend. …increasing since 2009… Last year 15.8 million foreigners visited our country. This can partly be attributed to the recovering economy in Europe and America. And due to the weak euro, it is relatively cheap for non-euro countries to visit the Netherlands on holiday. The threat of terrorist attacks in European cities such as Paris and Brussels also…

Norwegian Easter Traditions   … In old times, people would climb mountains on Easter Sunday morn to watch the sunrise as they thought the sun danced with joy for the resurrection of Christ.  It is suggested that this could have started the Norwegian habit of ‘going up the mounatins’ at Easter time.  This day was also a day to predict the weather for the Summer.  If it was a good day then the Summer would be good too.  If there was frost the night before the Sunday then the Summer would come late.  For some reason, the Bunad is not worn during Easter. Easter Sunday breakfast is a grand affair.  Anything and everything is put on the table, cured meats and especially eggs – boiled, scrambled, fried, (and even fish eggs!), you name it.  The boiled eggs are often dyed or painted before eating.  Traditionally the Winter stores are low from the long Winter, so there is not much cooking or baking, especially compared to Christmas time.  However, egg dishes are in abundance, especially when there has been a lot of egg decorating with lots of leftover whites and yolks.  Pancakes are also a popular treat at Easter. … The Easter egg hunt is a common tradition around the world and in Norway children look for a brightly decorated paper eggshell filled with small lollies.  The eggs used to be real chicken eggs…

Easter | @denmarkdotdk   …most Danes regard Easter as a holiday. A national survey in 2000 showed that 48% of the Danes attached particular importance to the family spending time together during Easter and 37% regarded it as a holiday; only 10% mentioned ‘attending Church’ and ‘the Christian message’ as the main feature of Easter. … Many homes and shops are decorated for Easter in green and yellow, especially with new-leaved branches and daffodils. The main symbol of Easter is still the egg. The eggs used for decoration may be ordinary hen’s eggs which have been blown out and coloured or they may be imitation eggs or various kinds of sugar and chocolate eggs. Other decorations include small artificial hens and chickens and gradually also the Easter hare, which formerly was almost exclusively common in the areas by the German border. There is a unique Danish Easter tradition, viz. the custom of sending teaser letters. In the weeks before Easter especially children cut out elaborate letters, on which they write a so-called teaser verse. The letter is anonymous, but signed with a number of dots corresponding to the number of letters in the sender’s name, so that the recipient has a chance of guessing who sent it. The pledge is a chocolate Easter egg redeemed at Easter. The letter is accompanied by a snowdrop, which is regarded as the first flower of the year. …

Easter in Sweden (4/12/2017) | @Sweden_Belgrade   …most people celebrate it at home with their families and relatives. … Nowadays, eggs are a favourite accompaniment to the dish of pickled herring that is the centrepiece of most Swedes’ Easter meals. And few associate the omnipresent birch twigs − nowadays decorated with brightly coloured feathers − with the suffering of Christ. Easter has its own rituals. Children dress up as Easter witches; clad in discarded clothes, gaily coloured headscarves and red-painted cheeks, they go from house to house in the neighbourhood and present the occupants with paintings and drawings in the hope of getting sweets in return. Having consumed all these sweets, they are then given Easter eggs filled with yet more. … A traditional Easter lunch is likely to consist of different varieties of pickled herring, cured salmon and Jansson’s Temptation (potato, onion and pickled anchovies baked in cream). … At dinner, people eat roast lamb with potato gratin and asparagus, or some other suitable side dish.


Australia Vol.12 (Queensland)

cf. Exciting Opportunity for Small Businesses in Queensland | @MarketingSense


Australia Vol.11 (Tasmania)

Tasmania’s coastline glows in the dark as plankton turn blue (3/15/2017) | Jonny Weeks @guardian


Australia Vol.10 (South Australia, Northern Territory)

South Australia

(Broken links)

Northern Territory

cf. Australia Vol.6


Australia Vol.9 (Western Australia)

cf. Activists have Icahn-style opportunities in Australia (10/30/2014) | @business @nzherald


Australia Vol.8


Australia Vol.4 (Coalition – Liberal Party of Australia, Liberal National Party of Queensland, National Party of Australia, Country Liberal Party (NT) – 2016 Election Policies)

Here is the manifesto of the ruling coalition (@LiberalAus, @LNPQLD, @The_Nationals & Country Liberals) in July 2016. Excerpts are on our own.

[More Jobs and Growth through Increased Trade and Investment]
KEY COMMITMENTS
… Up to 10,000 new jobs are expected to be created in the financial services sector alone by 2030. In the first year of operation, our agreements with Korea and Japan delivered real benefits for the agricultural sector: the value of Australian exports of fresh beef to Japan increased by 22 per cent to just over $1 billion; exports of bottled wine to Korea increased 53 per cent; and China’s imports of fresh Australian lobster between January and March were triple those of 12 months ago.
Australia’s economy will be $24 billion larger by 2035 because of the Coalition’s free trade agreements with China, Japan and South Korea. The free trade agreements with China, Japan and South Korea are forecast to create some 7,900 jobs this year and over 14,500 jobs in 2020. …
We will continue to drive job growth through trade and investment by:
– delivering a company tax cut for Australia’s small businesses
– establishing a single window for all export documentation
– implementing the Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement
– negotiating free trade agreements with India, Indonesia, the European Union, the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership, and Pacific Island countries under PACER Plus, as well as pursuing new trade opportunities, including in the Indo-Pacific region.
– connecting businesses with export markets
– establishing a Professional Services Mutual Recognition Unit
– actioning the recently released ‘National Strategy for International Education 2025’ and the marketing plan ‘Australian International Education 2025’
– securing access for local exporters to the multi-billion dollar government procurement markets of 45 economies by joining the WTO Government Procurement Agreement

THE CHOICE
… Labor had six years to conclude these agreements and achieved little. The Coalition’s three free trade agreements will add billions in additional income year-on-year and thousands of additional jobs. Real wages will be higher. …
Labor closed Australia’s live animal trade overnight, damaging our reputation as a reliable supplier of quality agricultural produce.
Labor let free trade agreement negotiations languish while our exporters lost market share to our competitors. …
Labor damaged our reputation as an investment destination when it introduced the mining and carbon taxes. The Coalition abolished the mining and carbon taxes. Under Labor, the number of unemployed increased by 200,000, productivity declined by 0.7 per cent per year, working days lost to strikes doubled, and business red tape increased.
Labor’s policies threaten the successful transition to the new economy, through damaging tax changes that will cut existing property values, a 50 per cent increase in Capital Gains Tax that will hurt investment, and refusal to support re-establishing the ABCC.
Bill Shorten has promised around $60 billion worth of additional spending on top of what is currently in the Budget, leaving a massive black hole in Labor’s books. …

[Support Innovative New Businesses and Jobs]
KEY COMMITMENTS
… The Coalition has a strong record supporting innovation and startup businesses, investing around $10 billion a year on innovation, science and research.
We are also delivering a $1.1 billion National Innovation and Science Agenda to boost innovation in Australia.
As part of the National Innovation and Science Agenda, the Coalition has delivered tax incentives for investors in innovative startup businesses. These tax incentives make it easier for startup businesses to raise the funding they need to hire new employees and grow their business into new markets. …
The Coalition will continue to support Australia’s startup businesses by investing $23 million to:
– increase the number of startup incubators and accelerators in Australia
– support the expansion of existing high-performing incubators and accelerators
– attract ‘experts in residence’ to provide specialist advice to startup businesses …

[Smart Cities]
KEY COMMITMENTS
Australia’s cities are home to the majority of our population and responsible for more than 80 per cent of national economic output. Liveable, accessible cities with clean environments are now essential economic assets.
In the knowledge economy, people are our greatest resource, and smart cities put people first. The Coalition will innovate with smart policy, smart investment and smart technology to ensure our cities are more liveable, more productive, and more prosperous.
Our cities are at the frontline of action on climate change. That is why the Coalition will establish an investment fund to accelerate the deployment of clean energy, renewable energy and energy efficiency technology in cities through the Clean Energy Finance Corporation.
These investments will drive new jobs and enterprise, reducing greenhouse emissions while making our cities more resilient, liveable and putting downward pressure on energy bills.
Projects must demonstrate value for money and earn a financial return for taxpayers.
Financial returns will be reinvested in new projects, creating a sustainable pool of funding with an annual investment target of up to $100 million each year.
The Coalition will also establish a $50 million competitive Smart Cities Program for local governments to collaborate and apply innovative technology-based approaches to improve the liveability of cities and their suburbs. …

[a Safe and Prosperous Australia]
KEY COMMITMENTS
The Government is strengthening Australia’s national security and enhancing our prosperity after years of mismanagement by Labor.
Our economic diplomacy strategy is delivering real benefits to Australian businesses and our economy and is generating jobs.
The Coalition’s emphasis on consultation and mutual respect is building trust in Australia as a reliable partner of choice in the Indo-Pacific region.
We are broadening and deepening our bilateral relationships with key strategic and economic partners including the United States, China, Japan, South Korea, India, Singapore and Indonesia.
We are keeping Australians safe from terrorism by cancelling the passports of foreign fighters, making it an offence for Australians to enter declared terrorist-controlled areas in Syria and Iraq and working closely with regional friends and partners.
We are refocusing Australia’s diplomatic, trade and development efforts on our region.
We are delivering a sustainable, effective and affordable aid program that helps developing countries reduce poverty and promote sustainable economic growth, giving priority to women and girls, education, health and aid-for-trade.
The Government’s student overseas study program, the New Colombo Plan, is supporting Australian university students to study and undertake internships in more than 35 countries in our region. This is building a generation of future Australian leaders with deeper understanding of our region and relationships to last a lifetime.
The Coalition’s foreign policy prepares Australia for the opportunities and challenges of the 21st century by:
– expanding Australia’s overseas diplomatic presence
– boosting Australia’s crisis response capability
– establishing regional health security partnerships
– supporting a Pacific Women Mentoring Programme
– developing a contemporary foreign policy strategy that builds on our achievements and focuses on 21st century challenges and opportunities

[a Stronger Agriculture Sector]
KEY COMMITMENTS
A strong agriculture sector will boost Australia’s productivity, jobs and exports.
The Coalition has delivered a $4 billion Agriculture White Paper that will support jobs growth in our regions, drive export opportunities for agricultural businesses, and encourage investment to ensure Australia remains a globally competitive agriculture producer.
We are delivering significant commitments to the agriculture sector, including a $200 million increase in biosecurity funding, $190 million for rural research and development for profit, $100 million for pest and weed management, a $2.5 billion concessional loan programme for farmers, and a $500 million National Water Infrastructure Fund to provide future water security for our farmers.
Australian agriculture is stronger under the Coalition.
The Coalition will continue to support jobs and growth in the agriculture sector by:
– delivering a $2 billion National Water Infrastructure Loan Facility to support major water infrastructure projects over 10 years
– building the Rookwood Weir, upgrading the Macalister Irrigation District and laying the south-west Loddon pipeline
– investing $20 million to help eradicate invasive pests through Invasive Animals Solutions
– encouraging investment by the Clean Energy Finance Corporation in agriculture
– committing $8.3 million to complete implementation of the Livestock Export Global Assurance programme
– providing $1.2 million to boost research and development for thoroughbred breeders
– delivering $4 million to establish a Northern Australian rice industry
– establishing a Regional Investment Corporation
– providing $4 million to support Casino Beef Week and ensure the Beef Australia 2018 event occurs in Rockhampton
– investing $2 million to establish a commodity milk price index
– developing leadership capacity in agricultural industries
– providing $1.8 million in additional funding for the Animal Management in Rural and Remote Indigenous Communities programme
– creating centres of excellence in agriculture

THE CHOICE
… When in government, Labor short-changed Australia’s agricultural sector, costing jobs and investment opportunities.
Labor cut funding to Australian agriculture by $2.1 billion.
Labor’s panicked reaction to an ABC TV programme devastated the Northern Australian cattle industry.
Labor’s super trawler fiasco damaged Australia’s reputation as a trade partner.

[Jobs and Growth in Regional Australia]
KEY COMMITMENTS
Regional Australia is critical to Australia’s economic prosperity and is home to around one third of Australia’s population.
Regional Australia accounts for around 65 per cent of Australia’s export earnings by value and is a major source of domestic and international tourism. 45 cents in every tourism dollar is spent in regional Australia.
Regional communities are benefitting from the Coalition’s economic plan.
Our export trade deals have made it easier for regional businesses to export to Asia and our tax cuts for small business are creating new job opportunities.
Regional communities are an attractive place to live and invest.
They have a strong culture of innovation, offer diverse employment options, and attract the skills and talent needed to build successful businesses.
While the opportunities for regional Australia have never been greater, the Coalition recognises that some regions have been impacted by the slowdown in mining, falling commodity prices and changes to the manufacturing sector.
The Coalition will boost jobs, investment and growth in regional Australia.
We will establish a $200 million Regional Jobs and Investment package to deliver regional jobs and growth.
The Regional Jobs and Investment package will incentivise local businesses to invest and employ, enable regional communities to upgrade local infrastructure and deliver new skills and training programmes.
The package will be delivered in partnership with local communities.
Community leaders and local experts will be engaged to assess the needs of regional communities and develop local investment plans covering the following three areas:
– Business innovation grants
– Local infrastructure
– Skills and training programmes
The package will support regional communities to diversify their economies, create new export opportunities and help boost regional jobs.
The Coalition will contribute $200 million to the Regional Jobs and Investment package and will leverage a further $200 million in matched funding. Individual regions will be able to access up to $30 million in funding.
Our commitment will boost confidence, jobs, investment, and growth in regional Australia.

THE CHOICE
… Labor’s policies will fail to deliver jobs and opportunities for regional Australia.

[A Stronger Economy and Balanced Budget]
KEY COMMITMENTS
The Coalition’s policies are fully costed and we will deliver an improvement to the Budget bottom line.
Our responsible and transparent approach to fiscally sound policy means that, compared to the Budget bottom-line in the Pre-Election Fiscal and Economic Outlook (PEFO), we will deliver a net improvement of $1.1 billion over the next four years.
By contrast, Labor worsens the PEFO results by $16.5 billion over the four years, despite increasing taxes.
Only the Coalition has a credible, fully-costed economic plan that will deliver jobs, promote economic growth, and deliver a secure future for Australian families.
Our economic plan is seeing results. Since the start of the election campaign several updates to economic indicators have been released by the Australian Bureau of Statistics:
– latest growth figures show Australia’s economy grew at more than 3 per cent over the last year
– our economy is growing faster than the US, UK, Canada and well above the OECD average
– export volumes and trade balance improved in April
– the current account balance strengthened in March
– household consumption remained solid, growing at 0.7 per cent through the March quarter and 3 per cent over the year
– the number of employed Australians has increased by 225,000 over the year to May 2016 and more than 460,000 jobs have been created since the Coalition came to government
– the unemployment rate is 5.7 per cent, down from its peak of 6.3 per cent in July 2015
– consumer confidence as measured by the Westpac Index remains elevated at a level of 102.2 in June – above the 10 year average and nearly 7 points above the confidence level a year ago
– business conditions and business confidence as indicated in the respected NAB survey remain positive and the AIG Performance of Services Index is stabilising
– our credit rating remains stable at the top level of Triple-A
The Coalition’s fiscally responsible and transparent approach to policy will mean lower taxes for families and businesses, greater certainty and stability, and more opportunities for job and real wage growth.
Our approach guarantees the protection of Medicare and funding for health, education and infrastructure.

THE CHOICE
The Coalition has a strong economic record and a plan to continue to grow our economy in order to provide jobs into the future.
The Coalition inherited a Budget in chaos from the Rudd-Gillard-Rudd years.
Living within our means is a key part of our National Economic Plan.
Unlike Labor, all our policies are fully funded.
This means we guarantee the protection of Medicare and funding for health, education and infrastructure.
Labor have rejected this commitment. They are instead raising taxes and at the same time make the Budget deficit worse over the next four years.
Under Labor, the deficit will be $16.5 billion higher than under the Coalition.
This means Labor will be borrowing an average of $11 million more than the Coalition each and every day over the next four years.
Three eminent economists have confirmed Labor will put Australia’s AAA credit rating at greater risk.
This is simply not fair to Australia’s youth.
High levels of debt shift the burden of paying for services Australian’s enjoy today on to our children and our grandchildren.
It’s the same old Labor – higher spending, higher deficits, despite increased taxes and higher debt.

cf Federal Platform

aus-manifesto-coalition


Australia Vol.3 (Australian Labor Party’s 10 Year Plan for Australia’s Economy; AUSTRALIAN GREENS ELECTION PLATFORM 2016)

Here are the manifestos of a part of the current opposition parties (@AustralianLabor; @Greens) in July 2016. Excerpts are on our own.

—–AustralianLabor
[Nation-building infrastructure: jobs, road and rail]
Labor’s Positive Plan For Infrastructure
Labor’s Positive Plan For Aviation
Labor’s Positive Plan For Aviation

[Acting on climate change, protecting the environment]
Increased Energy Efficiency
PDF p.2  … Our Climate Change Action Plan provides a pathway for an orderly transition to a low pollution economy through six key elements:
1. Make Australia a Leading Renewable Energy Economy by ensuring that 50% of the nation’s electricity is sourced from renewable energy by 2030, providing the Clean Energy Finance Corporation with more certainty and more flexibility with less red tape and more technology options, and developing new community power projects.
2. Cleaner Power Generation by ensuring that the modernisation and diversification in Australia’s electricity generation from old heavy polluting coal fired power stations to modern clean energy is an orderly transition, with meaningful support for workers and communities.
3. Build Jobs and Industry by maximising the job opportunities from clean energy and clean technology, while also securing the future of critical Australian industries through a Strategic Industries Task Force. This will be supported by a Strategic Industries Reserve Fund of $300m to support the transition of key industries to 2020.
4. Cut Pollution through an Emissions Trading Scheme with access to international offsets, placing a legal cap on the emissions of large polluters through a cap and offsets scheme, while supporting industry by ensuring access to international carbon offsets.
5. Capture Carbon on the Land by reinvigorating the Carbon Farming Initiative to encourage carbon storage in agriculture, and taking decisive action to deal with broad scale land clearing.
6. Increased Energy Efficiency by doubling Australia’s national energy productivity by 2030 and implementing new emissions standards for motor vehicles to cut pollution on our roads.

[Budget repair that’s fair: a 10 year plan to strengthen the Australian economy]
Research and Development Investment Target
Positive Plan on Housing Affordability – Negative Gearing Reform
Labor’s Fiscal Plan

[Australia’s place in a changing world]
Defence Under Labor: A Safe, Secure and Independent Australia
… A Shorten Labor Government will ensure Australia retains a world-class defence force and innovative defence industry by:
– Implementing the funding goals of the 2016 Defence White Paper, including raising Defence funding to 2 per cent of GDP by 2020‑21.
– Building 12 Future Submarines in South Australia, and mandating that at least 70 per cent of the work is done in Australia.
– Maintaining Australia’s strategically vital naval shipbuilding industry by implementing a continuous build of surface warships and ending the Abbott-Turnbull Government’s practice of denying local shipyards the opportunity to compete for work.
– Continuing to strengthen defence cooperation with the United States, including by redressing the Abbott-Turnbull Government’s neglect of the US Force Posture Initiatives in Australia’s north.
– Reforming the means by which ADF pay and conditions are determined and putting an end to the Abbott-Turnbull Government’s cynical attempts to cut the pay and conditions of ADF personnel.
– Establishing an intergovernmental taskforce to develop a nationally consistent approach to perfluorinated chemical contamination at Defence and Commonwealth sites.

[Putting people first in every State and Territory]
Labor’s Positive Plan For WA
Labor’s Positive Plan For Tasmania
Labor’s Positive Plan For The Central Coast
Labor’s Positive Plan For Victoria
Labor’s Positive Plan For South Australia
Labor’s Positive Plan For the NT
Labor’s Positive Plan For Queensland
Labor’s Positive Plan For New South Wales

Labor’s Positive Policies For Agriculture And Regional Australia
{BOOSTING LOCAL JOBS THROUGH TRADE, EXPORTS AND INVESTMENT}
MAKING TRADE WORK FOR BUSINESS
– Tackle barriers to Australian exports
– Reduce red tape for exporters
– Facilitate trade in our region
IMPROVING MARKETING AND BRANDING
STRIKING THE RIGHT BALANCE ON INVESTMENT
{RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT & INNOVATION FOR BETTER PRODUCTIVITY}
AUSTRALIAN INSTITUTE FOR BIOSECURITY
MANAGING YELLOW CRAZY ANTS
AUSTRALIAN TROPICAL MARINE AND AQUACULTURE CENTRE
AUSTRALIAN PESTICIDES AND VETERINARY MEDICINES AUTHORITY
FOOD AND FIBRE INNOVATION
REGIONAL INNOVATION HUBS
{IMPROVING CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE}
BETTER ROAD AND RAIL
A FIRST-CLASS NATIONAL BROADBAND NETWORK
IMPROVING MOBILE SERVICES
STRONGER PEST MANAGEMENT
{TACKLING CLIMATE CHANGE}
{PRIORITY SECTORS}
FORESTRY
FISHERIES
WELFARE IN ANIMAL PRODUCTION

—–Greens
[ELECTION 2016: WHAT THE GREENS WILL DO FOR AUSTRALIA – Standing Up For What Matters]
ACTION ON GLOBAL WARMING
A CONFIDENT AUSTRALIA
PROTECTING OUR PRECIOUS PLACES
RENEWED DEMOCRACY
EQUALITY AND COMPASSION
NEW ECONOMY
GREENING THE BUDGET
p.47  THE GREENS REVENUE MEASURES INCLUDE:
– Removing tax free fuel and other perks for miners $24 billion
– Removing the capital gains tax discount and negative gearing $14 billion
– Progressive superannuation $10 billion
– Requiring efficiencies in defence spending $14 billion
– Putting a price on carbon pollution $16 billion
– Limiting debt loading by companies $2 billion
– Stopping the concealment and splitting of income by trusts $4 billion
– Opposing income tax cuts and asking more from high earners $9 billion


UK Vol.47 (EUref (analytical) articles/podcasts: “Bremain”?/“Brexit”? Vol.2)

Here is just a part of (analytical) articles/papers/videos/podcasts concerning the Brexit/Bremain on Twitter by think tanks, et al (the United Kingdom, Australia, Canada and the United States).

@IPPR @IPPRNorth

@CER_London

@iealondon

@IISS_org @harries_matthew

@ChathamHouse

@RUSI_org

@instituteforgov

@ParlStreet

@ToryReformGroup

@csjthinktank

@res_publica

@CompassOffice (@NadineElEnany)

@RussellRElliott (@CompassOffice)

@NEF

@thefabians

@ProgressOnline (@policynetwork)

@CapX

@ASI

@EuropeanFutures

@euromovescot

@reformthinktank

@ConWayFor

@bowgroup

@Civitas_UK

@NIESRorg @CEP_LSE @TheIFS

@LSEEI

@GreshamCollege (@NIESRorg)

@CFR_IIGG (@IISS_org)

(@ASPI_org)

@IRPP

@Conferenceboard

@CBoC_SPSE

@CDHoweInstitute

@AU_SIS (@MichelleEgan14 @TheWilsonCenter)

@Heritage

@CatoFP

@NRO

@theblaze

@CarnegieEndow

@AEIfdp

@AEIdeas (@DaliborRohac @Newsweek)

@HooverInst

@inthesetimesmag (@EconomicPolicy)

@TZHRJ (@EconomicPolicy)

@NormEisen (@HudsonInstitute)

@FPA_ORG

@EWInstitute

@ForeignPolicyI

@WAJournal

@WorldPolicy

@AtlanticCouncil

@NewAmerica

@RANDCorporation

@CFR_org

@CFR_org (@JohnCampbellcfr)

@ForeignPolicy

@CSIS_USLD

@BrookingsFP

[Others]

@GerryHassan

@ianmcconnellHT

@cath_haddon

@Cou_politics

@JeyyLowe

@forbritain

@NewStartMag

@wrmead

@DrAlfOldman


Australia Vol.2