California Vol.6


California Vol.5


US Policy Changes Vol.98 (Foreign Policy Vol.14: Turkey’s lira crisis)

Excerpts are on our own.

Trump Is the First President to Get Turkey Right: Good riddance to the so-called strategic relationship between Washington and Ankara. (08/13/2018) | STEVEN A. COOK @ForeignPolicy
… Then there is the detention of Pastor Andrew Brunson in Turkey since October 2016. This has become a flashpoint between the two countries this summer, especially after Ankara seemed to renege on a deal for his release. But Turkey is also holding between 15 and 20 U.S.-Turkish dual citizens—including a NASA scientist—on trumped-up terrorism charges. Three Turkish employees of the U.S. Embassy have also been arrested. They are being used as bargaining chips to force the United States to hand over Fethullah Gulen, a green card holder who Ankara accuses of masterminding the failed July 2016 coup, and/or to secure the release of a Turkish banker convicted in a New York court of aiding the elaborate scheme to help Tehran get around multilateral sanctions. …
Of course, the United States has an interest in a healthy Turkish economy, if only to prevent the meltdown of the lira from affecting other emerging markets’ currencies. … …Albayrak plans to pursue fiscal discipline, help companies most affected by the lira’s slide, and, contrary to rumors, the government will not seize foreign exchange deposits — good news for foreign investors. At the same, the minister stated that the volatility of the lira was unsupported by the underlying economic data, thus it is clear Turkey is under “attack by the biggest player of the global financial system.” He means the United States.
… Since at least 2013, Erdogan has been telling Turks that when the day of reckoning comes for the Turkish economy, it will be someone else’s fault. If Turks are suffering, then it could not possibly be the responsibility of a government led by someone who believes high interest rates cause inflation (which is exactly backward), but rather the result of the nefarious machinations of the “interest lobby,” Zionists, and the always useful “foreign forces.” Because Erdogan has made the economy a nationalist issue, seeking help from the IMF is politically risky. …encourage his constituents to exchange dollars and euros into lira. …
… It should be clear by now that there is no strategic relationship. Turkey and the United States have different interests and priorities. The lists of grievances on both sides reflects that fact. The fallout is not a function of the unique personalities and worldviews of the American and Turkish presidents, but rather at a fundamental level is the result of a changing world in which Washington and Ankara no longer share a common threat. …
… Perhaps the controversy over Pastor Brunson and the way the Turkish government has responded to the lira crisis will be a clarifying moment, highlighting what should be clear by now: Turkey is no longer an ally or partner.

Capital Outflows and Sudden Stop (w Report; 08/14/2018) | @medium
…which kinds of capital inflow stop during the period? In the 2017 World Bank policy paper “Are capital flows fickle? Increasingly ? and does the answer still depend on type? ” Barry Eichengreen, Poonam Gupta, and Oliver Masetti have tried to investigate how different kinds of capital flows behave during a sudden stop. …
The most rapid capital outflow, however, is in that the authors categorized as ”Others.” Included in others are flows through the banking sector (loans, deposits and banking capital), loans raised by the private sector, and trade credits. …

Erdogan Faces a Challenge He Can’t Easily Bully: Turkey’s Economy (08/13/2018) | Carlotta Gall @nytimes
… “The interest-rate hikes and budget cuts will be painful,” said Atilla Yesilada, an Istanbul-based consultant at Global Source Partners…
“It is the fundamental view of the true populist,” explained Sinan Ulgen, chairman of the Istanbul-based Center for Economic and Foreign Policy Studies, also known as E.D.A.M. …
Turkey has always had a strong bureaucracy, modeled on the French system, with a senior bureaucrat, called an undersecretary, in every ministry, assisted by deputy undersecretaries. Those positions have been eliminated and the civil servant positions replaced with deputy ministers appointed by Mr. Erdogan. …
…the polarizing nature of Mr. Erdogan’s rule, which has increasingly pushed out people who are seen as ideologically or politically opposed to his Justice and Development Party…
…the purges of 150,000 public employees since the failed coup of 2016. …
Mr. Albayrak, 40, holds an M.B.A. from Pace University in New York, and worked as the United States representative for Calik Holdings, a Turkish construction and trading company known for its close links to the government.
… Mr. Yesilada called for a hefty interest rate hike of at least 5 percentage points and said that a “handshake with the United States is an absolute minimum.” …

European bank CDS showing no contagion (PDF; 13/08/2018) | @CanaccorGenuity
… Turkish debt-to-GDP is about half of what Greece’s was at the beginning of the European Debt Crisis. The fear in the marketplace is that the historic drop in the Turkish lire makes non-Turkish debt unaffordable to service, which could lead to a contagion effect on European banks with significant exposure to Turkey. …
… The Turkish currency crisis provides an excellent excuse for a temporary pullback, but thus far has shown no reason for us to adopt a more intermediate-term defensive position.

How serious is Turkey’s lira crisis and what are the implications?: The options as the country’s economic growth displays the classic signs of overheating (13/08/2018) | Larry Elliott @guardian
… now displaying the classic signs of overheating: a large trade deficit, a construction boom and soaring debt. Financial markets have taken fright at inflation, rising at an annual rate of more than 15%, and have been selling the Turkish lira, which is down by 45% against the US dollar since the start of the year. …
The direct impact of what looks like an inevitable recession in Turkey would be relatively small because, despite a population of 80 million and strong growth in recent years, the country accounts for only 1% of global GDP. …
… Turkey’s problems are particularly acute because it has more than $300bn of dollar-denominated corporate debt, which is getting more expensive to finance by the day. However, other countries – such as Mexico and South Africa – also took advantage of low US interest rates in the years after the financial crisis to borrow heavily in dollars and saw their currencies coming under pressure. …
… only two things will halt the lira sell-off: a substantial rise in official interest rates (already above 17%) or the announcement of an emergency package of financial support from the International Monetary Fund – or, if things continue to deteriorate, both together. …

What the Turkish lira crisis means for President Erdogan’s hold on power: Erdoğan built his supporter base by promising economic stability. Can he withstand a crisis? (14/08/2018) | YÖRÜK BAHÇELI @NewStatesman
… Erdoğan is known to have been opposed to higher interest rates throughout his leadership, labelling them “the mother and father of all evil” dictated by an “interest rate lobby”. In his earlier years, however, officials around him were able to convince him to allow them to act in line with market demands, while he was also bound by IMF requirements. But once IMF programmes came to an end and interest rates fell following the great recession, Erdoğan was able to become more vocal and staunch in his opposition to higher rates. …

Russia backs non-dollar trade with Turkey, no promise of help amid lira crisis (w Video; 08/15/2018) | Andrey Ostroukh and Tuvan Gumrukcu @reuters @YahooFinance
… “I am confident that the grave abuse of the role of the U.S. dollar as a global reserve currency will result over time in the weakening and demise of its role,” Lavrov said, echoing statements made by President Vladimir Putin.
However, Lavrov did not announce any immediate commitment to drop the dollar in trade with Turkey or provide it with financial aid, leaving observers guessing if the two countries, both hit by U.S. sanctions, have agreed on any bilateral deal.
“They will likely just give warm words to Turkey, looking to exploit the situation and stir things up for the U.S. and the West,” said Timothy Ash, senior strategist at BlueBay Asset Management. …

‘Clear risks of contagion’: European markets drop as Turkey’s lira crisis spreads around the world (08/13/2018) | Will Martin @businessinsider @YahooFinance
… “Because of the high participation of foreign banks and portfolio investors in Turkey, there are clear risks of contagion,” Hasnain Malik, a strategist who is the head of equity research at Exotix, said in an email.
Capital Economics warned in a note on Friday that Spain, Italy, and France were likely to be the worst hit by the Turkish currency crisis because of the exposure of their banking systems. But the analyst house said the impact would be relatively limited because of the limited size of the Turkish economy.

Turkey lira crisis: Six things you need to know: A breakdown of the events, causes and effects, as Turkey’s currency collapses amid a diplomatic row with the US. (w Videos; 08/14/2018) | @aljazeera
… On Monday, the Indian rupee suffered its worst one-day fall – at more than 1.5 percent – hitting a record low of 69.9 rupees to $1. …
The South African rand has also taken a hit this week as a result of the Turkish developments, falling 10 percent before stabilising on Monday – down to a two-year low against the dollar. …

Turkey lira: Ankara to boycott US electronic goods (14/08/2018) | @BBC
Asian shares stumble as markets shrug off Wall Street relief bump; Hang Seng down 1.5% (08/15/2018) | @CNBC
Turkey Lira: Shock graph showing how Turkey CRISIS is deepening when pitted against euro (08/14/2018) | Matt Drake @Daily_Express


US Policy Changes Vol.97 (Foreign Policy Vol.13)


Brittle Times for the Transatlantic Relationship (PDF; in large part in German) | Cathryn Cluver Ashbrook @ Atlantik-Brucke


Belfer Center Experts on U.S. Withdrawal from the Iran Nuclear Deal (05/08/2018) | Graham Allison, Nicholas Burns, Matthew Bunn, Chuck Freilich, Hassan Ahmadian, Martin B. Malin, Steven E. Miller, Payam Mohseni, Ernest J. Moniz, Sahar Nowrouzzadeh, Nawaf Obaid, Gary Samore, Elizabeth D. Sherwood-Randall, William H. Tobey @BelferCenter


A timeline of the Trump administration’s actions on Russia (07/26/2018) | @BrookingsInst


Kazakhstan Must Look Beyond the Belt and Road | Philippe Le Corre


Belfer Center Experts Offer Insight on U.S.-North Korea Summit


Missouri Vol.5

Missouri1-2001Missouri2Missouri3-riversMissouri4-river


https://twitter.com/downtownsgf/status/1027682348609941513


Missouri Vol.3 (St. Louis)


Colorado Vol.2


https://twitter.com/j_zelikova/status/974288609833508864


https://twitter.com/CSUEngineering/status/1022859152308064256


https://twitter.com/CSUNaturalSci/status/1020369752311541760


UK Vol.123 (Post-EUref #Brexit Vol.41)


UK Vol.122 (Post-EUref #Brexit Vol.40)

Trade Post-Brexit (PDF) | Herbert Smith Freehills


The Impact of Hard Brexit on Polish Exports (w PDF; 06/07/2018) | Jakub Borowski, Jakub Olipra & Paweł Błaszyński @sciendo_


https://twitter.com/Doozy_45/status/965876705297563648


A hard Brexit could see the EU lose – 2.3 billion worth of pork exports | Farmers Guardian
Hard Brexit: a threat for Italian food exports (13/07/2018) | @italianfood_net
Hard Brexit would mean more and cheaper British fish – but there’s a catch (24/04/2018) | @dpcarrington @guardian


Hard Brexit and the Supply Chain – Effects on German automotive suppliers (PDF; January 2018) | Deloitte


US Policy Changes Vol.95 (Foreign Policy Vol.12)


Russia


https://twitter.com/LauraWalkerKC/status/1011237912879517696


William Tobey, Senior Fellow, Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs at the Harvard Kennedy School | Michigan’s Big Show


US Policy Changes Vol.94 (Foreign Policy Vol.11: NATO & G7 summit)

NATO


G7 Summit


https://twitter.com/dw_politics/status/1006171735367045122


US Policy Changes Vol.93 (Foreign Policy Vol.10)


Taking History as a Mirror (w PDF; June 2018) | Neil Thomas @BelferCenter


Trump’s focus on China trade: Right target, wrong approach (06/14/2018) | Ryan Hass @BelferCenter


Ukraine fears falling victim to Trump-Putin ‘grand bargain’ (11/11/2016) | Neil Buckley and Roman Olearchyk @FT


Virginia Vol.2


https://twitter.com/VSUTrojans/status/1006896826161729536


UK Vol.114 (Post-EUref #Brexit Vol.38)


US Policy Changes Vol.89 (North Korea Vol.7: US-North Korea summit meeting)


US Policy Changes Vol.88 (North Korea Vol.6: US-North Korea summit meeting)


US Policy Changes Vol.87 (North Korea Vol.5: US-North Korea summit meeting)


US Policy Changes Vol.86 (North Korea Vol.4: US-North Korea summit meeting)


Switzerland Vol.1

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Switzerland_Mountains
Switzerland_Linguistic


Cantons of Switzerland | TRAMsoft GmbH
The 10 Most Populous Cities In Switzerland | World Atlas
Switzerland’s Political System and Government | ALL ABOUT SWITZERLAND
The Federal Council, The portal of the Swiss government
Switzerland’s direct democracy (YouTube)
What Type Of Government Does Switzerland Have? | World Atlas
This is how Switzerland’s direct democracy works (31/07/2017) | Micol Lucchi WEF
Switzerland’s People Power (04/20/2017) | Catherine Bosley BLOOMBERG
7 Reasons Why Switzerland Is The Best-Run Country In The World (12/11/2012) | Max Nisen BUSINESS INSIDER
Switzerland Celebrates Europe’s Strangest System of Government (21/09/2017) | Mathieu von Rohr SPIEGEL ONLINE
The Swiss Cantonal System: A Model democracy (03/12/2000) | LIBERTY INTERNATIONAL
How Switzerland’s cabinet works – Politics in Switzerland | Just Landed
Switzerland’s 18 living ex-presidents: a political record (07/12/2017) | Thomas Stephens SWI
The political System of Switzerland | SwissCommunity
Switzerland Government | GraphicMaps
Switzerland Corruption Report | GAN BUSINESS ANTI-CORRUPTION Portal
SECRETS OF SWISS SUCCESS – LESSONS FOR NEW ZEALAND (PDF) | Oliver Hartwich The Centre for Independent Studies
https://twitter.com/Martin_Dahinden/status/984800784985526272


https://twitter.com/Swiss_Pavilion/status/897444359389552642


https://twitter.com/SwissCGNY/status/972158044732837888

https://twitter.com/BF_Nordics/status/987253273471184899


Free papers, reports, et al. Vol.45


https://twitter.com/CerfaIfri/status/975739170772668416


Free papers, reports, et al. Vol.42


https://twitter.com/tradegovuk/status/969169828442525696


Alabama Vol.2


https://twitter.com/GRIDmdv/status/978727104811380736


https://twitter.com/AlabamaMBB/status/971846136737779712


Trans-Pacific Partnership #TPP Vol.3 (Miscellaneous)

TPP: What is it and why does it matter? (23/01/2018) | @BBC


https://twitter.com/megareg_iilj/status/966124209805066241
https://twitter.com/AustraliaInJPN/status/976730290113712128


https://twitter.com/ChileMFA/status/971767287761068032


https://twitter.com/ChileMFA/status/971499987958947841
https://twitter.com/Minrel_Chile/status/971880873363681280


Free Trade vs. Fair Trade: Ideology vs. Reality (01/25/2017) | Peter Augsten
Negotiations for a Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement | William Krist (w Kent Hughes) @WilsonCenter
The Economic Impact of the Trans-Pacific Partnership: What Have We Learned from CGE Simulation? (PDF) | John Gilbert, Taiji Furusawa, Robert Scollay
Trans-Pacific Partnership: a TiPPing point for global trade? (PDF; 11/24/2015) | @eulerhermes
UNDERSTANDING THE REGIONAL COMPREHENSIVE ECONOMIC PARTNERSHIP AND THE TRANS- PACIFIC PARTNERSHIP: AN ASEAN PERSPECTIVE (PDF) | Sanchita Basu Das @BrookingsInst
Mega-Regional Trade Deals in the Asia-Pacific: Choosing Between the TPP and RCEP? (PDF; 2015) | JEFFREY D. WILSON @EconUUtah


Germany Vol.6 (Grand Coalition 2018 #GroKo, et al.)

Germany1Germany2
Germany: Merkel’s next cabinet shows youth trend (11/03/2018) | @dwnews
MINISTERS UNDER MERKEL: GERMANY’S NEW GOVERNMENT
Chancellor: Angela Merkel (CDU)
Chief of Staff at the Chancellery: Helge Braun (CDU)
Minister of the Interior, Heimat and Construction: Horst Seehofer (CSU)
The fight for the Foreign Ministry: Heiko Maas (SPD)
Finance Minister: Olaf Scholz (SPD)
Minister of Defense: Ursula von der Leyen (CDU)
Economic and Energy Affairs Minister: Peter Altmaier (CDU)
Minister of Justice and Consumer Protection: Katarina Barley (SPD)
Minister of Labor and Social Affairs: Hubertus Heil (SPD)
Minister for the Environment: Svenja Schulze (SPD)
Minister for Health: Jens Spahn (CDU)
Minister of Education and Research: Anja Karliczek (CDU)
Minister for Family Affairs, Senior Citizens, Women and Youth: Franziska Giffey (SPD-Mayor Berlin-Neukolln)
Minister of Economic Cooperation and Development: Gerd Muller (CSU)
Minister of Transport and Digital Infrastructure: Andreas Scheuer (CSU)
Minister for Food and Agriculture: Julia Klockner (CDU)
@cducsubt @CDU @CSU
@spdde
German Elections: Mapping Economic Policy Preferences (09/14/2017) | Caspar Kolster @gmfus
Germany: A New Government Is off to a Weak Start (03/14/2018) | @stratfor
Coalition watch – The making of a new German government (14/03/2018) | Soren Amelang, Kerstine Appunn, Sven Egenter, Benjamin Wehrmann, Julian Wettengel CLEW
Angela Merkel sworn in for fourth term as German Chancellor (03/14/2018) | Judith Vonberg @CNN
Angela Merkel re-elected as German chancellor to fourth term after five months of political deadlock (14/03/2018) | @tomemburyd @independent
The SPD just won the Frankfurt mayoralty in a landslide. So why are Germany’s cities going red? (03/15/2018) | Stephen Jorgenson-Murray @CityMetric
Merkel secures fourth term in power after SPD backs coalition deal (04/03/2018) | Philip Oltermann @guardian
The last thing Germany – and Europe – needs is a grand coalition (23/02/2018) | Timothy Garton Ash @guardian
German coalition talks to continue on Monday and focus on health and labor (02/04/2018) | Michelle Martin & Andreas Rinke @reuters
https://twitter.com/dw_politics/status/973993118608568330


https://twitter.com/dw_politics/status/973925892375367680
https://twitter.com/dw_politics/status/973895254494646272


https://twitter.com/dw_politics/status/973847104207622144


https://twitter.com/MattSmithWales/status/921700025381597184


Austria Vol.2 (Legislative Election & Coalition 2017)


Factbox: Key figures in Austria’s new coalition government (16/12/2017) | @reuters
SEBASTIAN KURZ (OVP), CHANCELLOR; HEINZ-CHRISTIAN STRACHE (FPO), VICE-CHANCELLOR; KARIN KNEISSL (FPO REPRESENTATIVE), FOREIGN MINISTRY; HERBERT KICKL (FPO), INTERIOR MINISTRY; MARIO KUNASEK (FPO), DEFENSE MINISTRY; HARTWIG LOEGER (OVP), FINANCE MINISTRY; GERNOT BLUEMEL (OVP), CHANCELLERY MINISTRY
MAKING ENEMIES: THE SILBERSTEIN AFFAIR AND THE AUSTRIAN ELECTION (01/15/2018) | Jesus Olivares Guerrero @OxPol
Coalition @TheLocalAustria
Austria holds watershed election marked by migrant crisis (15/10/2017) | @BBC
Republic of Austria (UN, World Bank)
Capital: Vienna
Population: 8.7 million
Area: 83,871 sq km (32,383 sq miles)
Major language: German
Major religion: Christianity
Life expectancy: 80 years (men), 84 years (women)
Currency: euro
Austrian far-right joins coalition led by PM Sebastian Kurz (16/12/2017) | @BBC
Sebastian Kurz gets approval for coalition with Austrian far right: Freedom Party returns to power after 12 years. (12/16/2017) | NICHOLAS VINOCUR @POLITICOEurope
New coalition government shifts Austria to the right: Anti-immigration Freedom Party will take control of much of country’s security apparatus (12/16/2017) | @reuters @CBC
Austria’s new coalition government rules out EU referendum (12/16/2017) | @AFP @DailySabah
Austrian populist coalition deal a warning sign for other EU states (12/17/2017) | Derek Scally @IrishTimes
Austria’s new coalition gets started (PDF; 12/18/2017) | @ING_news
Why Austria’s Anti-Immigrant Experiment Is Worth Watching: The new ruling coalition has set out draconian immigration controls that every populist party dreams of implementing. (12/18/2017) | Leonid Bershidsky @bpolitics
Austria’s Coalition Government Includes Party Linked To Ex-Nazis (12/18/2017) | SORAYA SARHADDI NELSON @NPR
Austrian far-right party strikes coalition deal, enters government (12/18/2017) | SHADIA NASRALLA & FRANCOIS MURPHY @globeandmail
Theresa May congratulates new Austria leader amid huge protest over coalition (12/18/2017) | @AOLNews
Austrian Coalition Puts Europe’s Human Rights Values to the Test: Coalition Has Worrying Policies on Immigration, Asylum, and ‘Political Islam’ (12/20/2017) | Kartik Raj @hrw
The Far Right Is Now in Power in Austria: The new governing coalition includes the Freedom Party, which has deep roots in the country’s Nazi past. (12/29/2017) | Jordan Stancil @thenation
The Austrian Anti-Social Coalition (12/31/2017) | Joachim Becker @LeftEast1
A Populist Victory in Austria: The Freedom Party Enters Government (12/28?2017) | Reinhard Heinisch @ForeignAffairs


@pollofpolls_EU for Austria
OVP
FPO
How to watch the Austrian election like a pro: @POLITICO’s guide to keeping on top of all the Austrian action as the far-right FPO looks set to enter government. (10/14/2017) | EMMA ANDERSON & JUDITH MISCHKE
Austria’s Snap Election and the End of the Grand Coalition (10/14/2017) | Lindsay Mackenzie @QuilletteM
Results of Austrian Parliamentary Election 2017 (10/15/2017) | @AUSTRIANUSA
Austria election results: Far-right set to enter government as conservatives top poll: Austria seems to have elected its youngest ever head of government (15/10/2017) | Jon Stone, Samuel Osborne @Independent
Austrian election results: Conservative Sebastian Kurz on course to become Europe’s youngest leader (10/15/2017) | Justin Huggler & Balazs Cseko @Telegraph
AS IT HAPPENED: ‘Whizz-kid’ Kurz’s OVP clearly wins Austrian election, as voters turn right (15/10/2017) | @thelocalaustria
Austria moves to right as anti-immigration star seals election win: Kurz claims credit for closing Balkan migrant trail in 2016 that saw hundreds of thousands of migrants trek into Western Europe (15/10/2017) | @MiddleEastEye
Austria Election: Center-Right Party Head Likely Next Prime Minister (10/15/2017) | SORAYA SARHADDI NELSON @NPR
Young party leader declares victory in Austria election, meaning a turn to the right (10/15/2017) | Maximilian Mayerhofer & Aamer Madhani @USAToday
Austrian Vote Paves Way for Nationalist Party to Enter Government (10/15/2017) | Boris Groendahl & Jonathan Tirone @bpolitics
Austria election: Europe reacts to Sebastian Kurz victory – German Chancellor Angela Merkel said she was hoping for close cooperation in Europe with Sebastian Kurz, who led his conservative party to election victory in Austria. DW has reaction from Berlin and beyond. (16/10/2017) | @dwnews
Meet the 31-year-old conservative poised to become Austria’s new chancellor: Sebastian Kurz reshaped a traditional political party to drive the Austrian elections. (10/16/2017) | Sarah Wildman @vox
Austria election RESULTS: Eurosceptic Sebastian Kurz declares VICTORY in nightmare for EU (16/10/2017) | REBECCA PERRING & ALIX CULBERTSON @Daily_Express
Austria’s election: Four things to know about the result (16/10/2017) | Manes Weisskircher & Matthew E. Bergman @LSEEUROPP
The Guardian view on the Austrian elections: an old threat in a new guise (16/10/2017) | @guardian
Why Austria’s Election Should Worry Liberals (10/16/2017) | Jonah Shepp @nymag
EU holds breath after Austrian vote (10/16/2017) | Georgi Gotev @euractiv
World’s youngest leader: Sebastian Kurz, 31, declares victory in Austria election (16/10/2017) | Shadia Nasralla & Kirsti Knolle @smh
Orban, Szijjarto applaud right-wing victory in Austrian parliamentary election (10/16/2017) | Justin Spike @BudapestBeacon
The Austrian elections should terrify Europeans (10/17/2017) | Paul Hockenos @CNN
Austria’s march to the right got a boost from fake Facebook content (10/17/2017) | Hanna Kozlowska @qz
How the Result of the Austrian Election Will Affect My Life as a Refugee: The Freedom Party’s motto is “Austrians deserve fairness,” but its notion of fairness doesn’t extend to people like me. (10/19/2017) | Zakarya Ibrahem @vicenews
Austrian election proves right-wing populism is new normal in Europe (10/22/2017) | ANNA GRZYMALA BUSSE @TheHill
Austria and Czech elections will change Visegrad dynamics (24/10/2017) | WOJCIECH PRZYBYLSKI @euobs
The Austrian election showed populists yet another path to power (25/10/2017) | MARTIN EIERMANN @NewStatesman
The Battle for Austria’s Right Is a Harbinger for the Rest of Europe: In Vienna, the center-right and populist right are vying for power. All of Europe is watching. (11/01/2017) | PETER ROUGH @ForeignPolicy
Austria’s Prospective Ruling Parties Agree on Budget Discipline, Cutbacks for Migrants (11/03/2017) | @reuters @VOANews
The Meteoric Rise of Sebastian Kurz: Austrian Foreign Minister Sebastian Kurz could become his country’s next chancellor on Sunday. The politician is conservative and vain, but also adroit. What would the 31-year-old’s election mean for the country? (13/10/2017) | Walter Mayr @Spiegel
Now it’s Austria’s Turn (11/10/2017) | FABIO WOLKENSTEIN @myfairobserver
A few thoughts on the Austrian election: Why the rightwing Freedom party is so successfull and what the likely outcome will mean for Austria and Europe. (10/13/2017) | Felix Simon @medium
Austria’s snap election: Everything you need to know: With a young front runner and an anti-immigration party gaining traction, the election could send shockwaves through Europe. (15/10/2017) | Ceren Senkul @SkyNews
ElectionGuide – Republic of Austria | IFES
Elections in Austria | @OSCE
Austrian parliamentary election (10/15/2017) | @reuters
Austrian president to insist on pro-EU government after election (09/12/2017) | @reuters @businessinsider
How the Populist Right Is Redrawing the Map of Europe (12/11/2017) | Andre Tartar @bpolitics


Austria Vol.1 (Miscellaneous incl Presidential Election 2016)

Austrian Presidential Election Map 2016


The Borsen-Kurier of Vienna about Free Territory and Free Port of Trieste | @TriesteLibera


Italy (General Election 2018)

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Italian elections 2018 – full results: Italy yesterday went to the polls to choose over 900 members of its two houses of parliament. Former prime minsters Silvio Berlusconi and Matteo Renzi were the big losers as voters opted for anti-establishment parties (05/03/2018) | @guardian
Italy election: Populist Five Star and League vie for power (05/03/2018) | @BBC
How to watch the Italian election like a pro (03/05/2018) | EMMA ANDERSON & JACOPO BARIGAZZI @POLITICOEurope
The incredibly complex Italian election is today ? here’s a simplified version of what you need to know (03/04/2018) | Will Martin @businessinsider
The Impossibility of Italian Politics (03/07/2018) | JOHN LLOYD @aminterest
Italy election to result in hung parliament: Former PM Matteo Renzi will reportedly resign as head of the ruling center-left Democratic Party after a crushing election defeat. Silvio Berlusconi’s right-wing coalition took the lead but may face a hung parliament. (05/03/2018) | @dw_politics
Italy headed for hung parliament as anti-establishment 5-Star Movement projected top vote-getter: According to early projections, none of Italy’s 3 main blocs or groups can govern alone (03/04/2018) | @reuters @CBC
Italy election: what we know so far about who could form a government (03/06/2018) | Daniele Albertazzi @ConversationUK
Let the Populists Try to Govern Italy: An anti-establishment government would finally put the League and the Five Star Movement to the test. (03/09/2018) | Ferdinando Giugliano @bpolitics
After Italy’s Election, 2 Rival Populist Parties Claim Right To Lead Next Government (03/05/2018) | Sylvia Poggioli @nprpolitics
Victory for Eurosceptic, populist parties shocks the establishment in Italy election (03/05/2018) | Nick Squires & Peter Foster @Telegraph
Italy elections deliver stalemate, Silvio Berlusconi and maverick Five Star advance (03/05/2018) | @reuters @ABCnews
Italian general election ? when are the results out? (03/04/2018) | Sara Sjolin @MarketWatch
Italy’s Election Is A Blow To European Unity And A Boost For The Far Right: Anti-establishment and anti-immigrant parties made serious gains, throwing the country into political uncertainty. (03/05/2018) | Nick Robins-Early @HuffPostPol
Italy election: Populist parties claim right to govern after poll stalemate – A right-wing coalition is set to win the most votes overall, with the populist 5-Star Movement the biggest single party. (03/05/2018) | @SkyNews
ANTI-IMMIGRANT POPULISTS JUST CLEANED UP IN ITALY’S ELECTION (03/05/2018) | Tim Hume @vicenews
Italy election: Italy goes to the polls: ITALIAN voters have delivered a hung parliament, meaning none of the country’s three main blocs or groups can rule alone, after a topless protester left Silvio Berlusconi with a clear message. (03/05/2018) | @AP @newscomauHQ
Riding wave of anger over jobs and immigration, Italian voters line up behind populist parties (03/05/2018) | Tom Kington @latimes
Italy election: Exit poll gives edge to center-right coalition (03/04/2018) | John Bacon @USATODAY
Italy’s election should be a wake up call for the EU: The EU can turn the victory of the populist Five Star Movement into an opportunity for dialogue and transformation. (03/08/2018) | Silvia Mazzini @AlJazeera
Italy election: What was the result and what is the Five Star Movement?: Nation faces political standstill after voters deliver hung parliament as support for anti-establishment party soars (06/03/2018) | Samuel Osborne @Independent
Election projections point to euroskeptic shift in Italy (03/04/2018) | FRANCES D’EMILIO & COLLEEN BARRY @AP @ABC
What the Italian election can tell us about the United States: Elections are the first step. What we care about is who is in and who is out of the government. (03/02/2018) | Hans Noel @vox
Italy heads to polls in election overshadowed by populism: Italians began voting on Sunday in one of the country’s most uncertain elections ever, with far-right and populist parties expected to make major gains and Silvio Berlusconi set to play a leading role. (03/04/2018) | @France24_en
Revolution at the polls: How Italy made Steve Bannon’s “ultimate dream” come true (03/06/2018) | Annalisa Merelli @qz
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How Italy’s New Electoral System Works (03/02/2018) | Marco Bertacche @bpolitics
Italy election 2018: A simple guide to the vote (03/01/2018) | Holly Ellyatt @CNBC
Italy election 2018: Untried voting system could return victory for Berlusconi’s right-wing coalition: But pollsters admit anything could happen (09/02/2018) | Gavin Jones @Independent
How does Italy’s new electoral law actually work? (15/01/2018) | Catherine Edwards @TheLocalItaly
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Italian election leaves science out in the cold: Researchers hold out little hope that the next government will improve their underfunded research system. (23/02/2018) | Alison Abbott @nature


https://twitter.com/barryjohnharper/status/970435176294739968


UK Vol.113 (Post-EUref #Brexit Vol.37)