Massachusetts Vol.6 (Harvard University)


UK Vol.153 (Post-EUref #Brexit Vol.51)

https://twitter.com/Conservatives/status/1169007406526947328
https://twitter.com/Conservatives/status/1168930453501464576
https://twitter.com/Conservatives/status/1168855952340193280
https://twitter.com/Conservatives/status/1168596646017536000
https://twitter.com/Conservatives/status/1167469022935506945
https://twitter.com/Conservatives/status/1167072776194330624
https://twitter.com/Conservatives/status/1154420543476686850


https://twitter.com/BorisJohnson/status/1166609802547646464

https://twitter.com/10DowningStreet/status/1157258648856551426


https://twitter.com/Haggis_UK/status/1154355383928066049


https://twitter.com/EU_MARE/status/1154674452032053249


https://twitter.com/theSNP/status/1141616225103044608


Australia Vol.18 (Australian National University, University of Melbourne)


https://twitter.com/ANUCrawford/status/1128590089733324800


https://twitter.com/theshepherdsdog/status/1032873979357229056


https://twitter.com/Lauren_ANU/status/1032848886241456129


https://twitter.com/usconsulatemelb/status/1021983156512149505


https://twitter.com/AusUnlimited/status/1032402176168087553


https://twitter.com/GeoffreyHPowell/status/1115705518981386240


U.S. universities and colleges Vol.4 (universities)


https://twitter.com/LinderPG/status/1136634669175324672


European Union Vol.6 (2019 European Parliament elections Vol.6: DE, AT, etc.)

DE


https://twitter.com/ErikSolheim/status/1133046482435805188


https://twitter.com/richardherlihy/status/1131552082882912258
https://twitter.com/TerryReintke/status/1129442179225653249


https://twitter.com/BrexileInBerlin/status/1117698853065588736


AT


https://twitter.com/LeaveEUOfficial/status/1127943460282142720
https://twitter.com/vonderLocht/status/1085599902346997760

Miscellaneous


https://twitter.com/Europarl_EN/status/1128584356606480384


https://twitter.com/Europarl_EN/status/1125420262135091201


https://twitter.com/Europarl_EN/status/1123346289612267526


https://twitter.com/EUCouncil/status/1133373528961691648
https://twitter.com/EU_Commission/status/1133634428746567680
https://twitter.com/EU_Commission/status/1131443390871031809
https://twitter.com/EU_Commission/status/1130784120219623424
https://twitter.com/EU_Commission/status/1130141065670004737
https://twitter.com/EU_Commission/status/1130112622710403072
https://twitter.com/EU_Commission/status/1130061787091496960
https://twitter.com/EU_Commission/status/1129333092873834496
https://twitter.com/JunckerEU/status/1131936763700760577


Wisconsin Vol.8 (University of Wisconsin, Madison)


Australia Vol.17 (2019 federal election)

House of Representatives – who is leading? | @AusElectoralCom
2019 federal election boundaries map (w PDFs) | @AusElectoralCom
Infosheet 8 – Elections for the House of Representatives | Parliament of Australia
Senate Results | @ABCNews
How the Senate result is determined | @AusElectoralCom
Senate elections | Parliament of Australia

DELIVERING OUR PLAN | @LiberalAus
Our Plan – BUILDING OUR ECONOMY. SECURING YOUR FUTURE. | Liberal National Party
PLAN FOR A STRONGER REGIONAL AUSTRALIA – The Nationals’ heart is in the country and the coast. | @The_Nationals
OUR PLAN | @CountryLibs
Liberal Party’s Scott Morrison re-elected as Australian Prime Minister (Video; 05/18/2019) | @globalnews
Scott Morrison goes from accidental Prime Minister to homespun hero in election 2019 (05/20/2019) | Andrew Probyn @ABCNews
cf. Australia Vol.4 (Coalition – Liberal Party of Australia, Liberal National Party of Queensland, National Party of Australia, Country Liberal Party (NT) – 2016 Election Policies)
Malcolm Turnbull Election Night Speech 2016 (YouTube)
Tony Abbott Speech – 2013 Campaign Launch (YouTube)

Excerpts are on our own.
Australia’s conservatives relish unexpected 3rd term win (05/18/2019) | @reuters,@CBC
… The White House said Trump and Morrison spoke by phone and “pledged to continue their close cooperation on shared priorities.” Morrison told raucously cheering supporters late on Saturday, who just hours earlier had seemed resigned to defeat, that he had always believed in miracles. …
… Morrison, however, cast himself as the candidate who would work for aspirational voters and the tactic seemed to strike a chord. A Pentecostal church-goer, Morrison took over as prime minister last year when he emerged as the unexpected winner of infighting within the Liberal party…
… The government campaigned on a platform of tax cuts and stability, while Labor promised to reduce inequality through tax reform, higher wages, better public infrastructure and faster action on climate change. Fitch Ratings said in a note the result would bring policy continuity, including the coalition’s pledge to start delivering budget surpluses next financial year. …
Here are the winning stocks in Australia as Morrison takes victory at the elections (05/20/2019) | @CNBC
… Bank, coal miners, property and healthcare stocks jumped, pushing the benchmark S&P/ASX 200 index to an 11-year high, after opening 1.7% higher and hitting its highest intraday level since 2007. …
… Yancoal Australia surged 5.7%, New Hope jumped about 4%, and Whitehaven Coal rose about 2%…
… Shares of Australia’s biggest lender Commonwealth Bank of Australia jumped about 6% and National Australia Bank surged 6.63%. Australia and New Zealand Banking Group also rose 6.46%, while Westpac soared 7.16%. …
… Property classified ads company REA Group was up 7% and shares of its rival, Domain Holdings Australia, rose 3% in early trade. Construction firm Lendlease Group bounced about 1%, while property developer Stockland jumped over 4.5%.
… Shares of the country’s biggest private health insurer Medibank Private were up 10%, while smaller NIB Holdings was up 9%…
What a Labor Victory Might Mean for Australian Foreign Policy (01/31/2019) | @elenacollinson @CFR_org
… In October 2016, Shorten declared Trump “entirely unsuitable to be leader of the free world,” having earlier that year described Trump’s policies as “barking mad.” In January 2017, Shorten called the new president’s policy barring visitors from several Muslim-majority from entering the United States “appalling.”…
… But any rift this may cause between the two countries is likely to be superficial. Shorten and the senior members of his shadow cabinet have articulated an “unshakeable” commitment to the U.S.-Australia alliance, terming it a “pillar” of the ALP’s foreign policy vision and “central to Australia’s strategic interests.”…
… With respect to China, there is no immediate indication that the ALP’s approach will differ significantly from that of the current government. Criticisms from Labor of the government’s handling of the Australia-China relationship have predominantly centred on rhetoric, variously characterizing it as “disjointed megaphone diplomacy,” “Chinaphobic” and “unwise and provocative,”…
…a ban on foreign political donations, and the decision to block Chinese companies Huawei and ZTE from involvement in the rollout of Australia’s 5G network. Labor has also been supportive of strategies to balance China’s regional rise, actively engaging in the push to forge closer ties with Pacific nations, and articulating a strong commitment to the Quadrilateral Security Dialogue. There is also general consensus between the two major parties… the Australian government is handling the mass internment of an estimated one million Uighurs and other Muslim minorities in Xinjiang “the appropriate way” by enunciating Canberra’s concerns “very clear publicly and privately” but not immediately…
Shorten has also rejected the notion of “pre-emptively framing China as a strategic threat,” placing some distance between the Labor Party’s proposed China policy and the more adversarial posture toward China reflected in the U.S. National Security and National Defense Strategies and amplified in Vice President Mike Pence’s tough speech…
Two areas of potential difference in a Labor-led China policy may be on Australian strategy in the South China Sea and participation in the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI). …
One priority in Labor’s overall Asia strategy is to deepen economic ties with Indonesia, one of Australia’s most important, and often contentious, bilateral relationships. …
…in 2017, there is bipartisan support for the Australian foreign policy white paper released that year. The white paper, Australia’s first in fourteen years, examines the shifting power dynamics in the Indo-Pacific region, with a particular focus on the challenges presented by China’s rise…

Federal election 2019: What a Coalition win means for you, major policies explained: Scott Morrison’s stunning win saw the Coalition remain in government, but some changes are still coming soon. Here’s what you need to know. (w Video; 05/20/2019) | @9NewsAUS
Former Liberal Party leader: How Morrison won Australian elections (Video; 05/20/2019) | @CNBC
Working-Class Voters Deliver a Win for Conservatives in Australia (05/19/2019) | @NRO
Five Things To Know About Australia’s Election Results: As the country attempts to get its head around what happened last night, we are offering up a few bite-sized takeaways to get you through a day of political small talk. (19/05/2019) | @vice
What Scott Morrison’s win means for Australian investors (18/05/2019) | Katarina Taurian @NestEggAU
Why China is not celebrating the unexpected Australian election result (05/20/2019) | John Lee @CNN
Australia’s conservative party retains power in shocking election result (05/19/2019) | Rachel Withers @vox
How did they get it so wrong? Polling companies explain what happened after predicting a Labor win for THREE YEARS (20/05/2019) | DANIEL PIOTROWSKI and STEPHEN JOHNSON @dailymailuk
10 key lessons from Australia’s poll-defying election results (05/20/2019) | @washingtonpost
4 things to know about Australia’s contentious election: After years of dysfunction, will conservatives get the boot? (w Video; 05/17/2019) | Eric Kleefeld @vox
2019 Federal Election Preview (12/05/2019) | @OddscheckerAu
Morrison’s Allies Retain Power in Most-Populous Australian State (03/23/2019) | Jason Scott and Jackie Edwards @bpolitics
FactCheck: has Australia’s net debt doubled under the current government? (08/06/2018) | Mark Crosby @ConversationEDU

Labor’s Policies For A Fair Go For Australia | @AustralianLabor
LABOR’S FISCAL PLAN (PDF) | @AustralianLabor
How Australian Labor lost ‘the unlosable election’ (Audio) | Rebecca Huntley @abcconvos
How did the Liberal National Party win over voters in Queensland? (YouTube) | @ABCNews
Bill Shorten quits as Labor leader after loss (YouTube) | @9NewsAUS
What the left can learn from Australian Labor: By combining radical economics with patriotism, the party has made itself the favourite to win this May’s general election. (16/01/2019) | Adrian Pabst @NewStatesman
cf. Australia Vol.12 (Queensland)
We’re building a future for all of us | @Greens
Swing of 2.6% will give the Greens a dominant role on Senate crossbench: Adam Bandt comfortably re-elected in Melbourne but party fails to make gains in the lower house (19/05/2019) | @Paul_Karp @guardian
The rise of the Australian Greens (22/09/2008) | Scott Bennett @ Politics and Public Administration Section @ Parliament of Australia
cf. Australia Vol.3 (Australian Labor Party’s 10 Year Plan for Australia’s Economy; AUSTRALIAN GREENS ELECTION PLATFORM 2016)
Election 2016: Bill Shorten’s full campaign launch speech (YouTube)
Kevin Rudd’s Labor campaign launch speech (YouTube; 2013)
Julia Gillard Campaign Launch (YouTube; 2010)

Excerpts are on our own.
Australian election: Labor’s humiliating defeat – why it fell apart for Bill Shorten – ANALYSIS (19/05/2019) | Malcolm Farr @nzherald
… Bill Shorten’s attempt to parlay six years of Labor unity and preparation into a victory formula has failed, with Queensland bringing it undone. …
… Scott Morrison has established himself as a fierce political street brawler who surprised Labor with his energy, his aggression, and his read of the electorate. …
… As Liberal John Hewson found in 1993, Labor’s Bill Shorten has learned in 2019: Being a reformer exposes you to misrepresentation by an opponent unencumbered by fresh direction. …
… It should also be acknowledged his departure makes life easier for Morrison, who will not have to keep looking over his shoulder at creeping Abbott ambitions. … “It’s also clear that in at least some of what might be described as ‘wealthy seats’, we are doing it tough, and the Green left is doing better.”
…few political operative were able to pander to the desires for simplistic certainties, like Pauline Hanson and Clive Palmer. @OneNationAus and @UnitedAusParty were crucial in regional Queensland results. …
Tanya Plibersek’s disastrous comment that cost Labor Queensland: Tanya Plibersek has been slammed over a remark she made in the lead-up to the election, which may have cost her party the crucial state of Queensland. (05/20/2019) | @gavindfernando @newscomauHQ
…she was out there denigrating the coal industry and saying it will phase out,” he told Sky News. “To say that on the eve of the election, in which there are six marginal seats in North Queensland in the coal belt, was absolutely disastrous. …
… The seats Mr Katter refers to are Peter Dutton’s northern Brisbane seat of Dickson, George Christensen’s marginal seat of Dawson, the Townsville-based seat of Herbert, as well as Flynn, Capricornia and Leichhardt. …
… The Labor Party was dealt a crushing blow in Queensland, with its vote falling to just 27.4 per cent…
… Last month, she told the ABC that Australians “can’t rely on an Indian mining company to bring jobs to central and north Queensland”. Prime Minister Scott Morrison slammed her over the remarks, comparing her to former NSW Labor leader Michael Daley. Mr Daley infamously accused Asians of taking Australian jobs during the NSW state election in March, before he went on to lose the vote. …
… “We needed to make it clear that if it was able to do so, that of course Labor would welcome the investment and jobs,” Mr Fitzgibbon said. The Hunter MP, who suffered a big swing against him towards One Nation’s pro-coal candidate, also said the party had drifted too far to the left. …
… Liberal senator Eric Abetz said the impact of the debate around Adani went beyond Queensland, into his own state of Tasmania. “Adani was seen … as an indication that the Labor Party was deserting its grassroots and the workers in favour of the suburban city elite…


https://twitter.com/HillelNeuer/status/1129888752183185408


Wisconsin Vol.7 (University of Wisconsin, Madison)


Ireland Vol.43 (Leinster Vol.10 – City of Dublin Vol.3)

The Dublin City Development Plan (2016-2022) | @DubCityCouncil
Chapter 6 – City Economy and Enterprise | @DubCityCouncil
About Dublin | @DubCham
Dublin | BRITANNICA
Dublin Economic Monitor | @DubCityCouncil
Dublin Economic Monitor (PDF; 05/2018) | @ey
Dublin Economic Monitor | @GovDataIE,@IRLDeptPER
DublinDashboard: How’s Dublin Doing? – Dublin Economic Monitor | @MaynoothUni
Dublin City economy seeing signs of stabilisation (07/02/2019) | @rte
DOING BUSINESS | @Dublin_ie
Dublin City | discoveringIreland
Best Practice: Creative Dublin Alliance – Creating the Leadership Consensus (PDF; 07/19/2011) | New York City Global Partners @NYCMayorsOffice
About Dublin Town …: Pre-Budget Submission (PDF; 08/2018) | @weareDublinTown
DESPITE HOUSING AND BREXIT ISSUES, DUBLIN CITY’S ECONOMY IS PERFORMING WELL (14/02/2019) | Rachel Darcy @DublinGazette
Ireland Property Rush Risks Repeat of Crisis (04/01/2019) | Neil Callanan @markets
Vision 2020 – Predictions for Dublin City Region | @FACIreland
Local Economic Indicators 2018: Doing Business Locally (PDF) | @ibec_irl
12 economic predictions for 2019 (12/17/2018) | Professor Neil Gibson @accountancyire
Local Business | @dublindocklands
The Full Startup City Guide For Dublin (12/02/2016) | Charlene Heaney @StartUscc
Dublin city’s LEO has funded 157 start-up businesses (31/10/2018) | John Kennedy @siliconrepublic
The Irish Tech 100 (Part One) (19/10/2015) | @DublinGlobe
TECH COMPANIES DOMINATE THE DUBLIN CITY CENTRE PRIME OFFICE MARKET (16/01/2018) | Robert McHugh @BusinessWorldIE
Dublin City – CULTURE AND CREATIVITY STRATEGY 2018-2022 | @creativeirl
SUPPORTING ARTISTS: Who We Work With | @LabDCC
This European country is bucking 2018’s downward trend (12/22/2018) | Annabelle Timsit @qz


Pinned tweets, etc.

For the United States, you can search by putting each state’s name or “US Policy Changes” into the search box.

For European Union, you can check out
http://worldsolutions.work/tag/eu/ .

For Brexit, the United Kingdom, Ireland, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, etc., you can search by putting each of these words into the search box, or check out categories and tags.


Massachusetts Vol.4 (corporations)

Massachusetts4 countyMassachusetts6 citiesMassachusetts5 coloniesMassachusetts7 Köppen


California Vol.19 (UCLA, University of Southern California, Pepperdine University, etc.)


https://twitter.com/UCLA/status/1022265258952544263


France Vol.4 (Finance)

France7 13-Regions


https://twitter.com/BNPParibas/status/1072846029853200384


https://twitter.com/BNPParibas/status/1070354388479295488


https://twitter.com/BNPParibasUK/status/1057637421200723969


https://twitter.com/BF_Nordics/status/1070979469190545410
https://twitter.com/TheVolawatcher/status/1069666244113129473


https://twitter.com/SocieteGenerale/status/1026835891367686144


https://twitter.com/SocieteGenerale/status/993812506735882240
https://twitter.com/Lucie_Pinson_/status/1067714801323909120


https://twitter.com/AXA/status/1016937908178124800


https://twitter.com/FintechDistrict/status/1069856823807750144


Illinois Vol.3


https://twitter.com/VonniMediaMogul/status/1066413301620531200


Utah Vol.3 (Utah State University, University of Utah, Brigham Young University)


North Carolina Vol.4 (University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill)


https://twitter.com/HereAtUNC/status/1015260221395128320


https://twitter.com/UNCEurope/status/1042767626471198720


Tennessee Vol.2

Tennessee1
Tennessee2


https://twitter.com/UTKnoxville/status/993943910232809474


Switzerland Vol.3

Switzerland | OECD
Switzerland | The World Bank
Switzerland | The European Commission
2018 Index of Economic Freedom – Switzerland | The Heritage Foundation
Switzerland: Economy | global EDGE – Michigan State University
The Economic Performance of Swiss Regions – Indicators of Economic Performance, Composition of Cantonal Economies and Clusters of Traded Industries (PDF) | Philippe Gugler & Michael Keller Center for Competitiveness, University of Fribourg
Swiss economy to finally overcome weakness caused by sharp appreciation of Swiss franc – Year Ahead 2018 regional outlook: Switzerland (29/11/2017) | UBS
Switzerland – GDP and Economic Data | Global Finance
SWITZERLAND | EULER HERMES
Switzerland | Coface
Switzerland: the 2018 economic outlook (15/01/2018) | Roger Keller BNP PARIBAS
Switzerland Economy | ECONOMY WATCH
Best Countries For Business 2018 – Switzerland | Forbes
Switzerland – Detailed economic analysis, indicators and forecasts. | Moody’s Analytics, Inc.
Swiss National Bank
Free trade agreement Switzerland/EU and EFTA agreements (PDF)
Invest in Switzerland – Key Industries | Switzerland Global Enterprise
The Productivity Deficit of the Knowledge-Intensive Business Service Industries in Switzerland (PDF; 2015) | Boris Kaiser & Michael Siegenthaler – Study on behalf of the State Secretariat for Economic Affairs SECO
Greater Zurich Area
Switzerland | The Local
Switzerland | BBC
Switzerland | Guardian
Switzerland | The Telegraph
Switzerland | The New York Times
Switzerland | CNBC
Switzerland | CNN Money
Swiss Bankers Association
Switzerland (PDF) | Financial Secrecy Index
Switzerland | US News
Switzerland | EIU
Switzerland | The Economist
Switzerland | Credit Suisse
Switzerland | UN Global Compact
Switzerland – Human Development Indicators | UNDP
The CPT and Switzerland | Council of Europe
Switzerland | IAEA PRIS
Switzerland | National Geographic
Economy | Switzerland Tourism
Switzerland Innovation
Transforming the Swiss economy – The impact of automation on employment and industries | Deloitte
Switzerland | ARAB NEWS
Switzerland | Trading Economics
Is Switzerland the Perfect Economy? (07/31/2015) | Lina Kherchi The market Mogul
What makes Switzerland so competitive? (03/09/2014) | Thierry Geiger WEF
A Note on Switzerland’s Economy – Did the Swiss economy really stagnate in the 1990’s, and is Switzerland really all that rich ? (PDF) | Jean-Christian Lambelet and Alexander Mihailov Crea Institute, Lausanne University
Switzerland: Economy Overview (02/02/2010) | Ina Dimireva EUbusiness
Switzerland | European Social Survey
Switzerland’s Economic Dependence during World War II | HISTORY OF SWITZERLAND
Commanding Heights : Switzerland Overview | PBS
Global Innovation Index 2017: Switzerland, Sweden, Netherlands, USA, UK Top Annual Ranking (06/15/2017) | WIPO


Free papers, reports, et al. Vol.46


https://twitter.com/IFRI_/status/973966653598912514


UK Vol.112 (Post-EUref #Brexit Vol.36)


https://twitter.com/EU_Commission/status/961141486250164224


https://twitter.com/EUlondonrep/status/959007285153591296


US Policy Changes Vol.76 (Trade, Energy, National Security, Financial Regulation, Tax, Values, et al.)

Great stuff!

Export Monitor 2017 (w PDFs; 08/18/2017) | Joseph Parilla and Nick Marchio @BrookingsInst

When renegotiating NAFTA, Trump should re-evaluate his premises on international trade (08/17/2017) | Dany Bahar @BrookingsInst

NAFTA renegotiation: Separating fact from fiction (08/17/2017) | Amanda Waldron @BrookingsInst

American Energy Policy (w PDF; April 2017) | Daniel Poneman @BelferCenter

Is the United States the new Saudi Arabia? (01/26/2018) | Samantha Gross @BrookingsInst

Learning from Katrina to care for Hurricane Harvey’s youngest victims (09/06/2017) | Jon Valant @BrookingsInst

Trump’s border wall is standard practice in other parts of the world (01/23/2018) | Michael Rubin @BrookingsInst

Hitting the wall: On immigration, campaign promises clash with policy realities (w PDF; 06/22/2017) | John Hudak, Elaine Kamarck, and Christine Stenglein @BrookingsInst

Strengthening and streamlining bank capital regulation (w PDFs; 09/07/2017) | Robin Greenwood, Samuel G. Hanson, Jeremy C. Stein, and Adi Sunderam @BrookingsInst

What Treasury’s financial regulation report gets right and where it goes too far (06/13/2017) | Nellie Liang @BrookingsInst

Hoarding the American Dream (Podcast & Transcript; 06/16/2017) | Richard V. Reeves, Bill Finan, and Fred Dews @BrookingsInst

Professionalism in politics: The paradox of populism (Podcast & Transcript; 06/28/2017) | Jonathan Rauch, Benjamin Wittes, and Adrianna Pita @BrookingsInst

Winners and losers in the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (Podcast; 12/22/2017) | Fred Dews and Adam Looney @BrookingsInst

Next Task for GOP: Spend Less and Help the Poor – Republicans did well to cut corporate taxes, not so well at expanding opportunity. (12/19/2017) | Michael R. Strain @bpolitics

Who would pay for the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act? (w PDF; 12/08/2017) | William G. Gale, Surachai Khitatrakun, and Aaron Krupkin @BrookingsInst

Senate tax bill: Lower rates for corporations? Check. Broadening the tax base? Not so much. (12/05/2017) | Adam Looney and Hilary Gelfond @BrookingsInst

Relax, the housing market will be fine after tax reform (11/09/2017) | Alex Brill @AEI

Is the rent “too damn high”? Or are incomes too low? (12/19/2017) | Jenny Schuetz @BrookingsInst

Where the robots are (08/14/2017) | Mark Muro @BrookingsInst

Signs of digital distress: Mapping broadband availability and subscription in American neighborhoods (09/12/2017) | Adie Tomer, Elizabeth Kneebone, and Ranjitha Shivaram @BrookingsInst

Segregation and changing populations shape Rust Belt’s politics (09/14/2017) | John C. Austin @BrookingsInst

Census shows nonmetropolitan America is whiter, getting older, and losing population: Will it retain political clout? (06/27/2017) | William H. Frey @BrookingsInst

A primer on gerrymandering and political polarization (07/06/2017) | Fred Dews @BrookingsInst

The geography of desperation in America (07/24/2017) | Carol Graham, Sergio Pinto, and John Juneau II @BrookingsInst

Will the release of the JFK assassination records put to rest one of the most widely believed conspiracy theories? (w Video; 10/27/2017) | Karlyn Bowman @AEI

The Rudeness of King Donald (12/04/2017) | Niall Ferguson @BostonGlobe


Texas Vol.2

Texas5 geologicTexas1


https://twitter.com/KeepTexasGreen/status/933105021486383104


Delaware Vol.3

Delaware2


Free papers, reports, et al. Vol.30