Netherlands Vol.4 (Coalition)

Excerpts are on our own.

People’s Party for Freedom and Democracy (@VVD)
Christian Democratic Appeal (CDA; @cdavandaag)
Democrats 66 (@D66)
ChristianUnion (@christenunie)

The polarised nature of the Dutch party system and the volatility of the electorate ensure that any ‘victory for the centre’ is likely to be short-lived.

Dutch parties agree coalition government after a record 208 days (09/10/2017) | Jon Henley @guardian

Dutch coalition partners agree on government deal, seek party backing (09/10/2017) | Cynthia Kroet @politico

Dutch coalition government formed after seven months of talks (10/10/2017) | @rte

NEW DUTCH GOV’T AGREEMENT “AMBITIOUS AND BALANCED”: PM RUTTE (10/10/2017) | Janene Pieters @NL_Times

Rutte forms Dutch government 208 days after election (10/10/2017) | Mehreen Khan @ft
… likely to side with Germany in many aspects of eurozone reform, in a blow to French …
… will shift rightward after Dutch Labour, a previous coalition partner …
… support for a eurozone budget …

Dutch Move Closer to New Government After Longest Coalition Talks Since WWII (10/10/2017) | Joost Akkermans @bpolitics

Trust in the future: the coalition agreement main points


Income
… cutting the number of tax bands from four to two from 2019
… earning 40,000 by 1,200 a year, but middle and high earners will benefit most. …
… 37% on earnings up to ?68,000 and 49.5% for all income above that. …
Work and benefits
… Freelancers will have to earn at least ?15-?18 an hour to be classed as self-employed …
Paid paternity leave to be extended from two to five days in 2019 …
Child benefits will go up by a total of 1bn …
Mortgages
… will be reduced in four stages of 3%, so that by 2023, home owners will be limited to a 37% deduction. …
… Home owners who still have a mortgage to pay an extra tax (eigenwoningforfait) every year …
Asset tax
… increasing the tax-free limit from ?25,000 to ?30,000. …
Other taxes
Employers
… cut the basic rates of corporation tax from 25% to 21% while a tax rate of 16% will be levied over the first 200,000 in profits …
Employers with up to 25 members of staff will only have to pay one year of sick pay, rather than two, as at present …
The 15% tax paid by firms on the dividends they pay out to shareholders will go in an effort to make the Netherlands more attractive to foreign firms …
Refugees
Education
Healthcare
Crime
Climate
Other measures

Dutch Tax Reform: Reduction in Corporate Tax Rate and Abolishment of Dividend Tax (13/10/2017) | Wouter Paardekooper @bakermckenzie @lexology

Highlights from Dutch Parties’ Coalition Agreement

The new coalition loves him, so just who is the ‘normal, ordinary Dutchman’? (13/10/2017) | @Expatica

The Dutch government confirms plan to ban new petrol and diesel cars by 2030 (10/10/2017) | @FredericLambert @ElectrekCo

Netherlands announces pension reform that would move country to a DC system (11/10/2017) | PAULINA PIELICHATA @pensionsnews

After 200 Days of Negotiations, Netherlands Forms Government But Excludes Populist Wilders (11/10/2017) | Chris Tomlinson @BreitbartNews

Are drawn-out Dutch coalition talks a harbinger of tough days ahead for Germany? (28/09/2017) | @thelocalgermany
… Rutte’s business-friendly Liberal VVD, the progressive D66 and two Christian parties, the pragmatic CDA and more conservative Christian Union.
Formed in the swinging 1960s, D66 is pro-abortion, pro-gay and lesbian rights and wants the country’s euthanasia programme to be extended so all people – not just the terminally ill – can decide to end their lives.
The Christian Union bases its policies on the Bible and opposes abortion, same-sex marriages and euthanasia. …

Dutch coalition talks have not yet touched on the future of Europe

DUTCH VOTERS SHOW LITTLE ENTHUSIASM FOR STILL-FORMING NEW DUTCH GOVT: STUDY (19/09/2017) | Janene Pieters @NL_Times

Dutch coalition talks collapse again (24/05/2017) | PETER TEFFER @euobs

Why the Dutch need three months to form a government (30/03/2017) | Nik Martin @dw
… Since World War II, Dutch governments have taken an average of 72 days to be decided, compared to four to six weeks for a typical German coalition. The Dutch record is nearly seven months in 1977…
… environmental concerns, income inequality and a more humane refugee policy.
GreenLeft is likely to be offered the ministry of environment portfolio and could win extra cash for green innovation, said Koole. But its would-be coalition partners are unlikely to concede on the latter two issues, having spent the election campaign trying to outdo Wilders’ hard-line on immigration, along with promises to reduce public spending.
“If GreenLeft enters a coalition with the right-wing parties, it could meet the same fate as the Labour party, which lost enormously in this election because voters saw it participating with a mainly right-wing government,” Koole said. …

Dutch election results at a glance (16/03/2017) | @JuliaRampenMM @NewStatesman

3 biggest Dutch election myths (13/03/2017) | NAOMI O’LEARY @POLITICOEurope

What’s at stake in the Netherlands’ elections? (13/03/2017) | Jan van der Made @RFI

What to expect from the Dutch elections in six charts (10/02/2017) | Aleksandra Wisniewska & Billy Ehrenberg-Shannon @ft

Too many parties and not enough influence spotlighted in political system report

cf.
Going Dutch (11/10/2017) | Darrell Delamaide @handelsblatt
… Belgium, managed to go 541 days without a new government after the 2010 election. …

Dutch mayors don’t like the idea of being chosen by public vote (04/10/2017) | @Expatica

King’s speech forecasts ‘flourishing economy’ for the Netherlands (19/09/2017) | @BelTel

Interview – Shell Netherlands CEO: More large wind projects wanted (05/10/2017) | Toby Sterling & Stefano Berra @reuters


Spain Vol.2 (Catalunya Vol.2)

SpainSpain-Cataloniacatalunya.FH10


Germany Vol.3 (German Federal Election 2017)

Here is information on the election.
GermanFedElec1GermanFedElec20

German elections 2017: full results (Interactive) | @guardian
Constituency seats won by party GermanFedElec2
GermanFedElec3GermanFedElec4GermanFedElec5

German election polls 2017 | @ft

Election of Members of the German Bundestag | Deutscher Bundestag

Bundestagswahl 2017: Electoral cartograms of Germany (09/25/2017) | Benjamin D. Hennig @ViewsofWorld
GermanFedElec6GermanFedElec7

Election Resources on the Internet: Elections to the German Bundestag | Manuel Alvarez-Rivera
The Electoral System
The Parliament of the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG) consists of a lower house, the Bundestag, whose members are directly elected by universal adult suffrage, and an upper house, the Bundesrat, composed of representatives appointed by the Lander. The two bodies are not coequal chambers, with the Bundestag being the more powerful of the two.
The Bundestag is composed of 598 members elected for a four-year term of office. …
The composition of the Bundestag is determined by the Mixed Member Proportional (MMP) system – also known as personalized proportional representation – which combines elements of the single-member constituency plurality system with PR. Under this system, the country is divided into a number of single-member constituencies (Wahlkreisen) equal to half the total amount of seats in the Bundestag. There were 248 of these constituencies between 1957 and 1987, 328 between 1990 and 1998, and 299 since 2002. These constituencies are allocated among the Lander in proportion to the size of their populations, and seats are filled by the plurality or first-past-the-post method, under which the candidate obtaining the largest number of votes in each constituency is elected.
However, in addition to nominating individual candidates for the direct mandate (Direktmandate) elections at the constituency level, political parties set up lists of individuals at the Land level (Landesliste). Each German casts two votes, namely a first vote (Erststimme) for a constituency candidate, and a second vote (Zweitstimme) for a party list. Party lists are closed, so electors may not choose individual candidates in or alter the order of such lists. Of the two votes, the second vote is the most important, since it is the one that determines the composition of the Bundestag.
In order to participate in the proportional allocation of Bundestag seats, a party must receive at least five percent of all valid second votes cast; however, this requirement is waived if a party wins three or more constituency seats. …
…in 2013 Parliament passed a new electoral reform which introduces additional adjustment seats (Ausgleichsmandate) to achieve a fully proportional allocation of Bundestag mandates among qualifying parties, thus neutralizing any disparities resulting from the allocation of overhang seats.
Under the reformed system, all 598 Bundestag seats are allocated among the Lander in proportion to the size of their German population. Then, a non-binding allocation of seats among qualifying parties is carried out in each Land by the Sainte-Lague/Schepers method of PR; if a party wins more constituency seats in the first vote of a particular Land than the number of seats it would be entitled to according to the result of the second vote, it keeps the overhang seats. The nationwide seat total obtained by each qualifying party after adding up the results from all sixteen Lander is the minimum number of mandates the party is entitled to receive, and the size of the Bundestag is adjusted accordingly, so that each qualifying party secures at least its corresponding minimum seat total, but in a way such that the distribution of seats equals the nationwide allocation of mandates in the expanded Bundestag by the Sainte-Lague/Schepers method.
From this point forward, the system generally operates in the same way as before: the mandates obtained by each party are allocated at the Land level in proportion to the number of votes received by their Land lists; the direct mandates won by a party at the constituency level of a particular Land are then subtracted from the total number of seats allocated to that party’s list; and the remaining seats are filled by the candidates on the Land list in the order determined before the election. Nonetheless, if a party wins more constituency seats in the first vote of a particular Land than the number of seats it would be entitled to according to the result of the second vote, the distribution of seats among the party’s Land lists is adjusted so that each list is allocated at least its corresponding number of constituency seats, without changing the party’s nationwide seat total.

POLLYTIX GERMAN ELECTION POLLING TREND | @pollytix_gmbh

German Election | @bpolitics
GermanFedElec8GermanFedElec9GermanFedElec10

German election | @dw

GERMAN ELECTIONS 2017 | @politico

German election 2017: All you need to know about the vote (22/09/2017) | @HollyEllyatt @cnbc

German Election 2017 | @spiegel

What to watch in Germany’s election (09/24/2017) | @economist

GERMAN ELECTIONS 2017: THE CALM BEFORE THE STORM? (25/09/2017) | Alan W. Cafruny @ValdaiClub

German election results: AfD enters parliament with record-high 12.6% as Merkel’s alliance gets 33% Live updates (24/09/2017) | @rt

All Eyes on Germany ? Federal Election 2017 | @gmfus

Germany election 2017 | @reuters

ABOUT: GERMAN ELECTIONS 2017 | @EURACTIV

2017 GERMAN FEDERAL ELECTION | @unimelb

German federal election 2017

GERMANY FEDERAL ELECTION FORECAST | @gelliottmorris

The German Federal Election: Will Angela Merkel Stand Her Ground? (w Video) | @cfr

Zweitstimme.org’s Election Forecast | @zweitstimme_org

GERMAN FEDERAL ELECTION 2017? VOTE BY MEME (22/09/2017) | Willem Van Boxtel @tnf_webzine

The myth of the ‘boring election’: Populism and the 2017 German election | Fabian G. Neuner & Christopher Wratil @LSEEuroppblog

Germany federal election 2017: The final countdown | @SBS

2017 German Federal Election | WORLD ELECTION FORECAST

GERMAN FEDERAL ELECTIONS | @institutps

What to know about Germany’s general election on Sept 24 (09/22/2017) | @STcom

Delimitation of constituencies | @Wahlleiter_Bund
Map of constituencies for the elections to the 19th German Bundestag (PDF) | @Wahlleiter_Bund
GermanFedElec11GermanFedElec12GermanFedElec13GermanFedElec14GermanFedElec15GermanFedElec16GermanFedElec17GermanFedElec18GermanFedElec19


UK Vol.98 (Scotland Vol.22 – North Eastern)

Scotland1Scotland2
Scotland-NorthEast1Scotland-NorthEast2

Aberdeen City
Scotland-AberdeenCity1Scotland-AberdeenCity2


Aberdeen, Scotland, UK | @Britannica
Aberdeen’s Economy | @AberdeenCC
@RobertGordonUni Research
@aberdeenuni Research
The Aberdeen Centre for Research in Energy Economics and Finance (ACREEF)
@UoAEnergy
@Energy_Cities
University of Aberdeen guide (22/06/2016) | @telegraph
University of Aberdeen (YouTube)
Aberdeen Renewable Energy Group (AREG) @AberdeenCC
@AberdeenEIP
Aberdeen Community Energy (Hydro)
Hydrogen Bus Project – Aberdeen City Hydrogen Energy Storage (ACHES)…
@Subsea7Official Key Differentiators
@Helix_ESG
KCA Deutag
@WoodGroup
Subsea Power Hub | @EC_OG
@aberdeenuni Institute of Medical Sciences
@rowett_abdn
@AberdeenSci
@AECC_Aberdeen
@AbdnInspired
@ABDNComedyFest
@celebrateabdn
Aberdeen is the happiest place in Scotland… and that’s no joke (24/11/2012) | @guardian
Scotland History, Language and Culture | @WTGTravelGuide
@ABZ_Airport

cf. UK Vol.13 (Scotland Vol.4 – Aberdeenshire economy)
@AGCCresearch
Aberdeen Recycle and Energy @AberdeenCC
@EIAberdeen
@DecomNorthSea
@NHSGrampian
Tourism soars in Aberdeen and Inverness (06/09/2014) | @pressjournal
@visitabdn
Scottish Parliament Economy, Energy and Tourism Committee: Inquiry into Scotland’s Economic Future Post-2014 (PDF) | @ScotChambers,@chambertalk


UK Vol.97 (Wales Vol.5 – Pembrokeshire, Carmarthenshire)

Pembrokeshire

cf. @Pembrokeshire   @RadioPembs   BBC – Pembrokeshire County Council   Pembrokeshire holidays | @guardian   Pembrokeshire Coast National Park, Wales | @NatGeo   Cleddau and Pembrokeshire Coastal Rivers Management Catchment Summary (PDF) | @NatResWales   @mh_port

Carmarthenshire

cf. @CarmsCouncil   Ammanford History   @Discovercarms   Welcome to Carmarthen in South Wales   River Tywi, West Wales | @inbritain

cf.   Cymru/Cymraeg


UK Vol.96 (England Vol.7 – East Midlands Vol.2)

Leicestershire


cf.
@LeicsCountyHall
LEICESTER: GREAT CITY – ECONOMIC ACTION PLAN 2016-2020 (PDF) | @CityMayorLeic @LeicsDemocracy
How is our economy performing? (14/02/2017) | @LLEPnews
How is the Leicester economy performing, and what are the key policy issues facing the city? | @CentreforCities
@loveleics
@LeicsCathedral
@lborouniversity research
@uniofleicester research
@dmuleicester research
@LCFC
Leicester City’s Premier League title win delivered £140m to the local economy and this year it will be even more (21/11/2016) | @frankdalleres @CityAM
Foxes boost Leicester economy (21/11/2016) | @footballeconomy

Rutland


cf.
Economic Growth Strategy 2014-2021 (PDF) | @rutlandcouncil
Tourism Vision 2016-2019 (PDF) | @DiscoverRutland
From pews with views to Gastro gourmet: six things to do in… Rutland (18/10/2010) | Gareth Huw Davies @MailOnline
View from Rutland: economic tensions in England’s smallest county (10/06/2017) | @sarahditum @NewStatesman
Independent Schools Inspectorate @OakhamSch (PDF; 2013)

Northamptonshire


cf.
Business and economy @mycountycouncil
Northampton now UK’s number one town for new business creation – beats London (17/10/2016) | @UHYHackerYoung
Campaign launched to boost tourism to Northamptonshire (27/03/2017) | @itcnews
5 Local Beers From Northamptonshire (04/06/2017) | @Bugsys_Barbers
@UniNorthants research
@TreshamCollege

cf.
@nationaltrust
Britain’s biggest archaeology festival is in Leicestershire and Rutland (10/07/2017) | AUSTIN J RUDDY @Leicester_Merc
@LeicsWildlife
East Midlands – Undergraduate Study @Cambridge_Uni
England’s @EconomicHeart land


Balkan Vol.3 (Bosnia & Herzegovina, Serbia, Croatia, Slovenia)

former Yugoslavia
Yugoslavia1Yugoslavia2Yugoslavia3Yugoslavia4
Bosnia & Herzegovina


Serbia


Croatia


Slovenia


Canada Vol.37 (Northwest Territories #NWT)


Ohio Vol.3


https://twitter.com/OhioState/status/892169298592104450


Massachusetts Vol.4


California Vol.4


Ireland Vol.26

cf. Ireland Vol.1


UK Vol.95 (Post-EUref #Brexit Vol.24)

Here are articles on Brexit.

Statement by the European Council (Art. 50) on the UK notification (w Video & PDFs; 29/03/2017)

Now that Article 50 has been triggered, reality will start to bite (31/03/2017) | @ConUnit_UCL

The white paper on Brexit: a wish list disguised as a strategy (02/02/2017) | Dan Roberts @guardian

What the Brexit white paper says (and doesn’t say) about trade (02/03/2017) | Maria Garcia @ConversationEDU

Article 50 triggered – but is a Brexit deal really possible in two years? (29/03/2017) | @RGWhitman @ConversationUK

The Great Repeal Bill could prove costly | Professor Robert Lee, Head of @bhamlaw

How rupture with mainland Europe caused Britain to falter for hundreds of years (28/03/2017) | Stephen Church @ConversationUK

Brexit – The UK’s greatest transformation project (04/10/2016) | Ross Dawson

Carmakers eye more UK suppliers to handle hard Brexit (10/03/2017) | @CPitas @ReutersUK

Despite Brexit fears more companies have been set up in Cornwall in 2016 than in previous years (06/02/2017) | @Oli_Vergnault @CornwallLive

Theresa May’s meeting with Angela Merkel at EU summit is cancelled (03/02/2017) | Peter Walker & Daniel Boffey @guardian

Pound plunges amid fears over Brexit delays (09/06/2017) | @jilltreanor @guardian

Brexit with Dr Serena Kelly (w Voice; 18/01/2017) – Summer Days with Jesse Mulligan @radionz

Brexit and the People of Wales: What Do We Know? What Could We Know? (29/03/3017) | Professor Roger Scully @cardiffuni

SNP offers to abandon independence referendum if Theresa May lets Scotland stay in the European single market (14/03/2017) | Charlotte England

Scotland heads towards a second independence referendum (14/03/2017) | @craigmcangus @ConversationUK

NORTHERN IRELAND: POST-BREXIT (29/03/2017) | @QueensUBelfast

Brexit may hinder local Government co-operation – UCC centre director says Northern Ireland could move away from various EU directives (08/03/2017) | Barry Roche @IrishTimes

Brexit Insights: Lords INTERVIEW with Lord Jonathan Hill and Minister Eoghan Murphy | @matheson


UK Vol.94 (Post-EUref #Brexit Vol.23)

Here are tweets on Brexit.


Free papers, reports, et al. Vol.20

Here are tweets which include free papers, reports/articles (citing others), et al.


Free papers, reports, et al. Vol.17

Here are tweets which include free papers, reports/articles (citing others), and a video.


Free papers, reports, et al. Vol.16

Here are tweets which include reports/articles (citing others), videos, voices, et al.


Free papers, reports, et al. Vol.15

Here are our RTs which include free papers, reports/articles (citing others), videos, et al.


Free papers, reports, et al. Vol.14

Here are @_WorldSolutions’ RTs which include free papers, reports/articles (citing others), and a video.


Free papers, reports, et al. Vol.13

Here are @wsi_usa’s RTs which include free papers, reports/articles (citing others), a video and a voice.


Free papers, reports, et al. Vol.12

Here are @_WorldSolutions’ RTs which include free papers, reports/articles (citing others), and a video.


Free papers, reports, et al. Vol.11

Here are @_WorldSolutions’ RTs which include free papers and reports (citing others).


Free papers, reports, et al. Vol.10

Here are @_WorldSolutions’ RTs which include free papers and reports (citing others).


Free papers, reports, et al. Vol.9

Here are @_WorldSolutions’ RTs which include free papers, reports (citing others), a podcast and an interview.


Canada Vol.36 (#Canada150 …)

Here are additional articles on #Canada150.

Thomas D’Arcy McGee: The Idealist (w PDF; 06/08/2017) | Alastair Gillespie @MLInstitute

Happy 150th to one of the world’s most demonstrably successful societies (06/30/2017) | William Watson @FraserInstitute

Canadians born in the afterglow of 1967 are becoming our political, media and corporate leaders. How will they approach the country’s future? (06/29/2017) | @jenditchburn @IRPP

Bringing human rights back into balance (05/30/2017) | Elizabeth McIsaac @MowatCentre

At a milestone in Canada’s history, the vital role of trade unions remains overlooked (06/29/2017) | Ed Finn @rabbleca

HAPPY BIRTHDAY CANADA (06/29/2017) | @HeartlandOnCBC
Q: Where does the name Canada come from?
A: The most accepted theory is that a St. Lawrence Iroquoian tribe who encountered French explorer Jacques Cartier used the word ‘kanata’ which in their language meant village or settlement. Cartier in his writings wrote ‘Canada,’ to reference not only the village he was directed to but the entire area.

Can you celebrate Canada 150 and still respect Indigenous rights? (w Voice; 06/28/2017) | Anna Maria Tremonti @CBCIndigenous

Let’s celebrate Canada’s 150th with a course correction on MMIWG inquiry (06/30/2017) | Lorimer Shenher @NatObserver

First Nations Activists from Winnipeg to Blockade TransCanada Highway on Friday (06/29/2017) | @RedPowerMedia

Resisting 150: Colonialism is at the heart of the Canada 150 narrative. Here’s how we change the story. | @UAlberta @Medium
Métis professor @adamgaudry says that Canada 150 celebrates a history that, for Indigenous people, doesn’t really exist.

Acknowledging Canada’s Faults Doesn’t Diminish Us. Ignoring Them Does (06/23/2017) | Jerry Dias @HuffPostCanada

Canada 150: Reconciling who we are with who we want to be | @ccpa

Incentives, Identity, and the Growth of Canada’s Indigenous Population (w PDFs; 06/21/2017) | Tom Flanagan @FraserInstitute

False Security The Radicalization of Canadian Anti-terrorism | @cforcese & Kent Roach @irwinlaw


Canada Vol.35 (New Brunswick, Canada Day #Canada150)

#Canada150 #CanadaDay  Canada 150: History of a nation | @StJohnsTelegram     Canada 150 | Department of History, University of Toronto     Make the most of your @canada150th !     Canada 150 interactive military history map    Canada 150 and some tougher history for Edmonton (06/29/2017) | @tamarasolty @theyardsyeg    We are what we ate: Canada’s history in cuisines (03/15/2017) | @Ian_Mosby @globeandmail    Canadian Independence Day | @HISTORY    Canada: Day 1 – In Their Own Words Oral History Videos | @Pier21    History of Canada Day (10/24/2009) | Pat Williams @canadaconnect    Here’s what’s going on in New Brunswick on Canada Day | @Report24CA      July 1, 1867 | @CBC     …at noon, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, and the Province of Canada were proclaimed the Dominion of Canada, with John A. Macdonald its first prime minister.   Now, the area of Upper Canada was called Ontario and Lower Canada was called Quebec.  …

New Brunswick

cf.  The New Brunswick Economic Growth Plan (PDF; 09/2016) | @Gov_NB    INSURECONOMY – an economic impact and future growth study of New Brunswick’s high-value insurance sector (PDF; 02/2012) | @INSURECONOMY @ConfBoardofCda,@jupia    Canada and New Brunswick invest in infrastructure at the University of New Brunswick    New Brunswick faces improving economic outlook in 2016 (01/01/2016) | @mchardie @CBCNB    New Brunswick’s Debt and Deficit – A Historical Look (PDF; 05/2014) | David Murrell & Shaun Fantauzzo @AIMS_CA    Discover unlimited opportunities in New Brunswick | @ONBCanada    New Brunswick | @OilGasCanada    About New Brunswick | @canadavisa_com    Forest Industry (PDF; 12/2003) | @APECatlantic    House Hunting in … New Brunswick, Canada (08/17/2016) | Lisa Prevost @nytimes   Map, Satellite Image    THE COST OF SMOKING IN NEW BRUNSWICK & THE ECONOMICS OF TOBACCO CONTROL (PDF; 04/2003) | @gpiatlantic    Maps & Air Photos | @cityofsaintjohn    @CityofMoncton    @CityFredGov   Economic Highlights | @IgniteFredNB    University-Industry Partnerships: Advancing Knowledge and Energy Security (09/11/2015) | @UNB @WorldEnergyTV


Free papers, reports, et al. Vol.7

Here are @_WorldSolutions’ RTs which include free papers, reports (citing others), et al.


Free papers, reports, et al. Vol.6

Here are @_WorldSolutions’ RTs which include free papers, reports (citing others), voices, videos, et al.


West Virginia Vol.1

#OTD: June 20, 1863     Celebrating West Virginia Statehood, June 20, 1863 | @USNatArchives    West Virginia Admitted as the 35th State in the Union | @librarycongress    West Virginia Day in the United States | @timeanddate    West Virginia enters the Union | @HISTORY    Mountaineers Always Freemen | @librarycongress    Celebrate West Virginia Day on June 20 (06/13/2012) | @prweb    West Virginia emerges as separate state, June 20, 1863 (06/20/2016) | @andrewjglass @politico    West Virginia – #35, June 20, 1863 (09/06/2012) | Order from Chaos

Economy    REGIONAL PERSPECTIVES: West Virginia Economic Outlook (PDF; 12/03/2012) | @jpmorgan @Chase

Local    West Virginia Counties | @wvgov    Charleston, West Virginia | @charlestoncity    Welcome to Huntington, an exceptional city! | @huntingtoncity    Annual Paving Projects | @Morgantown_WV

Both in size and population similar to Latvia.


UK Vol.93 (Post-EUref #Brexit Vol.22: 2017 General Election – results, et al.)

Here are articles on the general election results, et al. Excerpts are on our own.

Election 2017 – UK results | @BBC

Interactive map: Britain’s general election 2017 – Live election results reported here, seat by seat | @economist

UK general election 2017 | @YouGov ElectionCentre

Election results 2017: full list and map | @FT
GE2017uk 649results

General Election 2017 (incl London interactive) | @standardnews

Live Now: U.K. General Election Results | @bpolitics

General election 2017: expert comment and analysis from @UCLPublicPolicy


Ungovernable  Hung Parliaments are so 2010 (27/5/2017) | @robfuller91 @medium

Corbyn, and an election surprise (26/5/2017) | @openDemocracy

Media coverage of the 2017 General Election campaign [report 3 – covering 18th-31st May inclusive] (w Video; 2/6/2017) | @lboroCRCC

Why do our party leaders tour the country? And will it affect Thursday’s election result? (4/6/2017) | @MiddletonAlia @PSABlog

2017 General Election live opinion poll | @gritdigital

UK Snap General Election Polling Results 19th April 2017 (PDF) | @opinion_life

UK general election 2017 poll tracker: All the latest results as Conservatives battle Labour Polls are a crucial part of the election wallchart – even if they’ve got a bad rep. Here are the latest results and analysis of what it all means (8/6/2017) | @mikeysmith,@taylorjoshua1,@danbloom1 @MirrorPolitics

We are becoming segregated into young and old communities without realising (5/6/2017) | Albert Sabater, Elspeth Graham, Nissa Finney (@univofstandrews) @ConversationUK

The Young Vote in 2017: Stat Attack (11/5/2017) | @bennosaurus @PSABlog

An economist views the UK’s snap general election (5/6/2017) | Jan Toporowski @OUPEconomics
… On 11 May the Governor of the Bank of England Mark Carney reassured the markets that the ‘good Brexit deal’ would stabilise our economy after 2019, and the markets were duly sedated. …
… For the Europeans, this will be the fourth ‘deal’ that Britain will have secured: the first on entry in 1973; the second under Margaret Thatcher in 1984 when ‘we got our money back’; the third obtained by David Cameron in 2016; and the fourth that is to come resulting from our exit from the European Union.
… Indeed the more our politicians demand that we give them ‘a strong negotiating position’ with Europe, the more they are hedging their electoral promises with the alibi that, if they do not deliver, it will be because we did not give them a sufficiently ‘strong negotiating position’, or they were taken advantage of by the Europeans. …
In this respect the election is not needed at this moment, in particular for the Brexit process which leaves our government only 21 months to settle the complex questions arising out of Brexit. Out of these questions, the more obviously insoluble conundrums are Northern Ireland…

Dr Jonathan Leader Maynard discusses what more can be done to prevent UK terrorism (6/6/2017) | @Politics_Oxford

Observer editorial: There has been a shameful lack of leadership from all parties. But we can no longer tolerate Theresa May’s agenda for post-Brexit Britain (4/6/2017) | @guardian
… She has provided no further detail about her Brexit negotiating strategy, sticking to her disastrous mantra that no deal is better than a bad deal. She has signalled immigration control will be her top priority, even though securing it will mean leaving the single market, jeopardising everything else voters care deeply about – jobs and growth and the future of our public services.
There are echoes of Ed Miliband’s social democratic priorities in parts of her manifesto and she should be applauded for signalling that unfettered free markets are not the route to social and economic justice. She sets out proposals for greater state intervention in markets that stack the odds against consumers and workers and unfairly, and often obscenely, advantage CEOs and senior executives. Dropping the commitment to the triple lock on the state pension is a tentative first step towards recognising the need for intergenerational rebalancing.
But her manifesto is thin on detail and May is no stranger to adopting contradictory rhetoric and positions. …
But Corbyn’s ability to run a decent election campaign cannot be taken as a sign he would make a competent premier. Last summer, he failed to win the support of 80% of his MPs in a confidence vote. Many had vowed to give him a chance but withdrew support on grounds of competency, with stories emerging of a chaotic operation. …

The Conservative manifesto and social care: policy-making on the hoof (22/5/2017) | @MelanieHenwood @LSEpoliticsblog
… The publication of the Conservative Manifesto unexpectedly outlined a change of direction when Theresa May seemed to dismiss the ‘capped cost’ model of funding which was brought into legislation by the Coalition Government in the 2014 Care Act, and implementation was delayed by the incoming Conservative government in July 2015 on the grounds that it would give local government longer to prepare and to have adequate resources. The manifesto made no reference either to the Care Act, or to the capped cost model, but remarked that “where others have failed to lead, we will act”. Further detail will follow in a green paper, but the sketchiness of the proposals has already proved a major flaw.
The manifesto lamented the costs of caring for older generations, “borne by working people through their taxes” and proposed a way forward that would be “more equitable, within and across the generations.” Except, it hasn’t quite played out like that. Some might think that ditching legislation that has not yet been fully implemented is disingenuous; others may see it simply as May’s blatant attempt to stamp her own brand of conservatism all over policy and political doctrine, and distance herself from her predecessors. What this episode reveals more than anything is political naivety, poor judgement, and lack of understanding of the complexity of social care. …

Theresa May, Borrowing from Labour, Vows to Extend Protections for Workers (15/5/2017) | @_StephenCastle @nytimes
Since emerging as prime minister from the political wreckage of last year’s vote to quit the European Union, Theresa May has told Britain’s voters little about what she believes, aside from stressing her desire for a clean break from the bloc.
But with an election looming, Mrs. May is promoting some strikingly centrist social and economic policies, reaching out across the political divide to traditional supporters of the opposition Labour Party, many of whose incomes were squeezed after the financial crash. …
“We are seeing a willingness to think of intervention that would have been seen as anathema by hard-core Thatcherites,” said @ProfTimBale , professor of politics at @QMPoliticsIR. …
… May’s main election strategy is to argue that she is better placed than her less popular Labour rival, Mr. Corbyn, to provide the “strong and stable leadership” which has become her mantra. …
Analysts ascribe the intellectual basis of Mrs. May’s brand of conservatism to Nick Timothy, one of her two closest aides. Mr. Timothy was raised in Birmingham, one of Britain’s industrial heartlands, and is a admirer of the type of municipal politics practiced by Joseph Chamberlain, who transformed the leadership of the city in the 19th century and whose legacy has also been cited as an inspiration by Mrs. May. …

The political economy of the Conservative Manifesto: a hallucinatory celebration of the state (24/5/2017) | Abby Innes @LSEEI
… As Hans Werner Sinn notes, since governments have stepped in when markets have failed historically, it can hardly be expected that a reintroduction of the market through the backdoor will work. More problematically still, supply-side reforms assume that if you bring businesses into the state, you get the best of states and markets and not the worst of both regimes: a lean and more efficient bureaucracy and not an informationally and organisationally fragmented state increasingly beset by conflicts of interests; the dynamism of competitive enterprises and not the financially extractive practices of low-performing public service industry monopolies.
The challenge that faces the next government is that these reforms have failed in the terms by which they were justified. Ruth Dixon and Christopher Hood find that reported administration costs in the UK have risen by 40 per cent in constant prices over the last thirty years despite a third of the civil service being cut over the same period, whilst total public spending has doubled. Running costs were driven up most in the outsourced areas and failures of service, complaints, and judicial challenges have soared. Government has attempted to resolve these self-inflicted market failures with regulatory oversight to codify tasks – consider teaching or medical care – un-codifiable in their most important aspects. Bureaucratic monitoring at levels un-dreamed of in the 1970s has joined informational and structural fragmentation, professional demoralisation and increased costs. …
A voter could not tell from this manifesto whether a Conservative government would restore the integrity of the state or follow along the path of its supply-sider predecessors whose striking achievement has been a creeping corporate extraction of public authority and funding. It is worth remembering that their putative goal in theory was the night-watchman state of libertarian fantasy: a state that protects only contract, property rights and sovereignty and that has never existed in the history of capitalism, let alone democratic capitalism. The evidence of May’s current administration is that she endorses the supply-side diagnosis. The Conservative leadership is waving Disraeli’s hat but it is still wearing Milton Friedman’s trousers.

The Hard Brexit road to Indyref2 (14/3/2017) | @IPR_NickP @UniofBathIPR
… Two factors explain Nicola Sturgeon’s decision: the intransigence of Conservative-Unionism and the weakness of the Labour Party. Intransigence is in part an artifact of the Prime Minister’s governing style, which combines “personal animus and political diligence”, as David Runciman has written. She sticks to a position doggedly and keeps things close to her in No10. She is capable of ruthless revenge, to the point of petulance, as Michael Heseltine recently discovered. It is a statecraft that has served her well until now. It is not one that is suited to sharing power in a process of negotiation and compromise across a fractured union.
Her choice of the hard route to Brexit has also narrowed her scope for flexibility. …
History is in danger of repeating itself. The last time the United Kingdom was challenged by the aspirations for greater self-determination of a significant proportion of one its nations was during the long struggle for Irish Home Rule. Conservative-Unionists met that challenge by suppression, not accommodation. It didn’t end well.
The second factor is the decline of the Labour Party. …
Labour’s vacillation on Europe means that it is currently largely voiceless in the national debate on Brexit. It is shedding votes to the Liberal Democrats as a consequence. It fears a further loss of support to UKIP and the Conservatives if it backs membership of the single market and customs union in the Brexit negotiations. But the prospect of the breakup of the UK, the unstitching of the Northern Irish settlement, and economic decline in its heartlands should give it cause to consider the national interest, not just the party interest. …

Agricultural policy after Brexit (23/5/2017) | @Dieter_Helm @OUPEconomics @pixabay
… The CAP pays the bulk of the subsidies as a payment for owning land (called Pillar I). The economic effects of Pillar I subsidies are obvious: increasing the revenues per hectare raises the price of a hectare. Land prices capitalise the subsidies, creating barriers to entry. As a result, the CAP has also now established a fund to help young farmers get into the industry, in the face of the obstacles the CAP itself creates. The rest of the subsidy goes on rural development and environmental schemes (called Pillar II). These are often poorly designed.
…the first option is to shift some of the subsidy from paying to own land towards more spending on the environment – i.e. shifting the balance from Pillar I to Pillar II.
The second is more radical, switching to a system of paying public money for public goods. …

Local elections 2017: Six key lessons for the general election (5/5/2017) | @JohnCurticeOnTV @BBC

Local election 2017 results in England, Wales and Scotland – and what does it mean for the general election? (6/5/2017) | @Ashley_J_Kirk,@Patrick_E_Scott @Telegraph_Data,@Telegraph

UpVote episode 6: Labour’s surge and the secrets behind Brexit – Professor Paul Whiteley (@uniessexgovt) simulated the Brexit referendum a million times – and Remain won 66 per cent (w Voice; 1/6/2017) | @rowlsmanthorpe @WiredUK

Why Britain voted to Leave (and what Boris Johnson had to do with it) (4/5/2017) | Harold D. Clarke, Matthew Goodwin and Paul Whiteley @lsebrexitvote
… Though Leavers were divided on how to deal with immigration, our findings also point to the important role of ‘cues’ from leaders, specifically Boris Johnson and Nigel Farage. Johnson had a particularly important effect –if you liked Boris then even after controlling for a host of other factors you were significantly more likely to vote for Brexit. Farage was less popular among the professional middle-classes but he was more popular among blue-collar workers and left behind voters, underlining how these rival messengers were able to reach into different groups of voters. …

Why immigration was key to Brexit vote – Brexit reflected ‘a complex and cross-cutting mix of calculations, emotions and cues’ but anxiety over immigration was the dominant factor (15/5/2017) | Matthew Goodwin @IrishTimes
… Where did Remain go wrong? David Cameron and the Remainers recognised that many voters were risk averse and concerned about the economic effects of Brexit. “Project Fear”… Although a plurality of voters felt negatively about both sides, a larger number saw Leave – not Remain – as more positive, honest, clear about their case and as having understood people’s concerns. While more than twice as many people saw Leave rather than Remain as representing “ordinary people”, more than twice as many saw Remain rather than Leave as representing “the establishment”. …

The level of economic optimism within a country may be a key factor in determining voter turnout (1/11/2014) | Troy Cruickshank @LSEEuroppblog

P.S. 10 June