US Policy Changes Vol.103 (Economy Vol.16 – including domestic policy, finance, healthcare, safety, trade)

https://twitter.com/Trade__Talks/status/1176823240372760577


https://twitter.com/BlogsofWar/status/1012072763283001344


https://twitter.com/hmtennapel/status/1023194443468427265


World Vol.5


https://twitter.com/ESS_Survey/status/1153698823019081728

https://twitter.com/TheWorldPost/status/1156965311096037377

https://twitter.com/France24_en/status/1157217245120122882


https://twitter.com/TERN_Aus/status/1162165781209051136


UK Vol.156 (Post-EUref #Brexit Vol.54: England, Wales, Scotland, Northern Ireland)

Regional and country: economic indicators (PDF; 10/09/2019) | Daniel Harari & Matthew Ward @commonslibrary
pp4-5  UK / England / Scotland / Wales / N. Ireland / North / East / North / West /
Population 2017, millions: 66.0 / 55.6 / 5.4 / 3.1 / 1.9 / 2.6 / 7.3 /
Total output (GVA) 2017, £ billions: 1,820 / 1,563 / 138 / 62 / 40 / 53 / 174 /
Total output (GVA) per head 2017, : 27,555 / 28,096 / 25,485 / 19,899 / 21,172 / 20,129 / 23,918 /
Yorkshire and the Humber / East Midlands / West Midlands / East of England / London / South East / South West
Population: 66.0 / 5.5 / 4.8 / 5.9 / 6.2 / 8.8 / 9.1 / 5.6
GVA: 1,820 / 117 / 104 / 133 / 153 / 431 / 267 / 131
GVA per head: 27,555 / 21,426 / 21,845 / 22,713 / 24,772 / 48,857 / 29,415 / 23,499
Background Information on Northern Ireland Society – Economy, Finance, Industry and Trade | Fionnuala McKenna and Martin Melaugh @ CAIN
rough GDP – as a percentage of the UK: England 85, Wales 4, Scotland 8.7, Northern Ireland 2.3
GDP, UK regions and countries: October to December 2018 (05/09/2018) | @ONS
Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland | @obr_uk
Regional disparities in the United Kingdom (PDF; 2004) | John Bachtler @zbw_news
… The process of fiscal devolution to Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland began in 1998 with the passing of a Scotland Act, a Government of Wales Act and a Northern Ireland Act. …
Is Brexit Worth Scotland’s Independence? (08/01/2019) | @TheAtlantic
What Britain thinks about the Union | @WhatScotsThink
Regional devolution for Northern Ireland: What’s the big deal? (04/04/2019) | @AssemblyLibrary
GEOGRAPHY OF NORTHERN IRELAND | @ELTEEK
Brexit And The Union | @BritishAcademy_
How Brexit Could Lead to Breakup of United Kingdom (07/01/2016) | @TIME
What if the UK were to break up? A closer look at an English foreign policy (09/06/2017) | @LSEBrexit
How Brexit will remake the United Kingdom (10/15/2018) | @BrookingsFP
Brexit may spawn a full-blown UK Balkanization (03/11/2019) | @The Hill
Thanks to Brexit, America Could Now Colonize Great Britain (05/23/2019) | @observer
The Brexit zealots are on course to break up the union (06/25/2019) | @guardian
Farage says Brexit is more important than keeping the UK from splitting apart (07/04/2019) | @Independent
Conservatives are conditioning us to accept the breakup of Britain (07/13/2019) | @businessinsider
Will Brexit break Britain, and would England care? (23/07/2019) | @BBC
In Push to Leave One Union, U.K.’s Boris Johnson Risks Another (07/29/2019) | @nytimes
Could Boris Johnson’s ‘no-deal’ Brexit break up the United Kingdom? (07/29/2019) | @washingtonpost
Will Brexit Be the End of the United Kingdom? (07/29/2019) | @ForeignPolicy
Boris Johnson could be the last prime minister of the United Kingdom (03/08/2019) | @CNN
Jason Beattie: Could a UK break-up be price of Boris Johnson’s no-deal Brexit? (03/08/2019) | @DailyMirror
BREXIT – The Tories are conditioning us to accept the breakup of Britain (07/08/2019) | @TruePublica
Boris Johnson Love Bombs the Other Union (08/09/2019) | @bopinion
The Story of Boris and Vaclav, or How to Break Up the UK (08/22/2019) | @CarnegieEurope
Poll finds support for referendums that could break up union (15/09/2019) | @BelTel
From Brexit to the break-up of Britain? | @OpenUniversity
https://twitter.com/scotlandinunion/status/1174413954111741953
https://twitter.com/scotlandinunion/status/1174208638371733504
https://twitter.com/theSNP/status/1174362844390932480


https://twitter.com/YesScot/status/1173250119338098688


https://twitter.com/OxfordDiplomat/status/1093650450719694854


https://twitter.com/WelshLabour/status/1164094803707080704


Massachusetts Vol.6 (Harvard University)


Ireland Vol.49 (Brexit: tourism, port, airport, etc.)

Get Brexit Ready | @Failte_Ireland
Get Brexit Ready | @Failte_Ireland & @CroweIreland
Brexit and the Irish Tourism Sector | @CroweIreland
Failte Ireland says a hard Brexit could cost €380m | @marketing_ie
Failte Ireland Announces €5 Million Fund To Support Tourism In Advance Of Brexit. (01/18/2019) | @kfmradio
Failte Ireland predicts tourism growth of up to 5pc next year despite concerns over Brexit (11/13/2018) | @IndoBusiness
Tourism officials want to know how to attract more wealthy jet-setters (09/12/2017) | @Fora_ie
BREXIT: Failte Ireland helps Cork tourism businesses with Brexit problems (12/10/2017) | @TheCork_ie
Implications of Brexit for Tourism Sector: Failte Ireland and Tourism Ireland (07/11/2018) | @OireachtasNews
New strategy unveiled to grow tourism from GB (NI version) (06/06/2019) | @TourismIreland
Brexit | @NITouristBoard
Tourism Ireland spending €7m to reassure UK citizens Ireland ‘is still open for business’ (07/15/2019) | @IndoBusiness
Tourism Ireland warns hard Brexit could cost industry €390m a year (07/15/2019) | @IrishTimes
Northern Ireland tourism more vulnerable to Brexit due to British market reliance (11/29/2018) | @irish_news
Tourism industry ready for a Brexit battle as UK visitor numbers fall (31/07/2019) | @SouthernStarIRL
Ireland’s tourism chief talks U.S. visitor growth, VAT, Brexit (02/01/2019) | @travelweekly
Fears Brexit and VAT hikes will have major impact on Irish tourism (28/12/2018) | @IrishMirror
Ireland Releases ‘Sobering’ Contingency Plan for No-Deal Brexit (21/12/2018) | @nytimes
New Research Quantifies Brexit Impact on Irish Exports and Tourism From Changing UK Consumer Behaviour (04/12/2018) | @IoDIreland
How Brexit Could Affect Irish Tourism (12/05/2016) | @AIBIreland

Dublin Port Company reaches agreement over site it requires to deal with impact of Brexit (09/08/2019) | @breakingnewsie
Dublin Port Company settles High Court action over site required to deal with Brexit impact (08/09/2019) | @thejournal_ie
Dublin Port takes action over site required for Brexit preparations (07/08/2019) | @rte
‘Mayhem will ensue!’ Ireland panics over no-deal Brexit – ‘Ports not ready’ (07/08/2019) | @Daily_Express
U.K. Seeks Brexit Concessions, Saying Dublin Has the Most to Lose (07/10/2019) | @bpolitics
Dublin Port overhaul to prepare for Brexit (07/10/2019) | @IndoBusiness
Arlene Foster fears Brexit works at Dublin Port ‘damaging’ to Belfast cruise industry (14/05/2019) | @irish_news
Irish shipping industry booming amid Brexit fears (01/04/2019) | @practicenet
Direct shipping of goods between Ireland, continental Europe on rise amid Brexit fears (03/30/2019) | @XHNews
‘No-deal’ Brexit extra ferry services launched (29/03/2019) | @France24
Irish shipping industry booming as boats bypass British ports amid Brexit fears (29/03/2019) | @IrishMirror
‘A waste of money’: Dublin port reluctantly prepares for Brexit (17/03/2019) | @guardian
Dublin Port Seeks to Take Back Leased Land Post-Brexit For Border Checks (03/12/2019) | @marsecreview
How is Dublin Port preparing for a no-deal Brexit (15/01/2019) | @safety4sea
How is Dublin preparing for a possible no-deal Brexit? (12/01/2019) | @BBC
‘This is the border’: Dublin Port, Ireland’s ground zero for Brexit (01/18/2019) | @IrishTimes
Department only sought Dublin Port’s hard Brexit plan last month (12/24/2018) | @IrishTimes
France preparing additional sea ports for Irish freight traffic after Brexit (23/11/2018) | @FranceIrelandCh
‘Our work is on the assumption something awful happens’ – Dublin Port has plans for a ‘hard Brexit’ (07/19/2018) | @Fora_ie
Brexit burns Ireland’s British bridge to EU markets (07/20/2017) | @POLITICOPro
Other EU countries’ preparations for no deal (06/12/2019) | @instituteforgov
Ports across Ireland’s Brexit divide reaffirm unity on UN project (12/04/2018) | @UNCTAD
Discussion Paper on the ‘Impact of Brexit on the UK & Irish Port and Transit Sector (PDF; 04/2019) | @BrIreCham
European ports brace for Brexit (PDF; 06/05/2019) | @ESPOSecretariat
The impact of BREXIT on Dublin Port (PDF; 20/02/2018) | @Europarl_EN,@DublinPortCo
The Implications Of Brexit On The Use Of The Landbridge (PDF) | @IMDOIreland
Customs Brexit Information Seminar (PDF) | @RevenueIE
Preparing for the withdrawal of the United Kingdom from the European Union – Contingency Action Plan Update (PDF; 07/2019) | @dfatirl
Preparing for the withdrawal of the United Kingdom from the European Union on 29 March 2019 – Contingency Action Plan (PDF; 12/2018) | @dfatirl

daa Extremely Concerned At Aviation Regulator’s Proposed Charges (05/09/2019) | @DublinAirport
daa Delivers Record Profits As Passenger Numbers Increase (04/30/2019) | @daa
Daa plans €40m development spend for Cork Airport over next four years (04/30/2019) | @irishexaminer
What is No Deal Brexit? Nine ways Irish people will be affected if UK leaves EU with no deal (13/03/2019) | @IrishMirror
Ireland DF status quo report ‘concerning’, says TR lobby (27/02/2019) | @TheTRBusiness
DAA awards Dublin Airport north runway contract to Roadbridge and FCC (01/11/2018) | @Airport_Mag
One third of Irish planes could be grounded by a no-deal Brexit (10/19/2018) | @IrishTimes
Restoring duty-free between Ireland and the UK could bring a €45m post-Brexit boost (07/19/2018) | @Fora_ie
DAA Warns Brexit Will Spell Fewer Flights and Higher Prices To UK (06/08/2017) | @hospitality_irl
Brexit and the consequences for Irish Customs – DRAFT (PDF; 09/2016) | @RevenueIE

CIF: Delays in the south’s infrastructure projects threaten Irish economy (31/07/2019) | @breakingnewsie
Brexit and the Irish Construction Sector (PDF; 03/2019) | @CIF_Ireland,@PwCIreland
CIF: Dublin is taking too much of €6.1bn State spend on major projects (04/03/2017) | @irishexaminer


UK Vol.150 (think tanks)

https://twitter.com/IPPR/status/1157258111230599169


https://twitter.com/IPPR/status/1151547082110578689


https://twitter.com/IPPR/status/1148556552380518401


https://twitter.com/IPPR/status/1148164761491841024


https://twitter.com/IPPR/status/1146342063459459072


https://twitter.com/Comm_Links/status/1148590708581945346


https://twitter.com/emsie40/status/1157300303466815490


UK Vol.149 (think tanks)


https://twitter.com/ChathamHouse/status/1155816608893427721


https://twitter.com/CHAsiaPacific/status/1148145838499225600


https://twitter.com/thefabians/status/1157275278781145088


https://twitter.com/thefabians/status/1156134385411923968
https://twitter.com/thefabians/status/1154776967792779265
https://twitter.com/thefabians/status/1154776965808820224
https://twitter.com/thefabians/status/1154776963745292288
https://twitter.com/thefabians/status/1154398073981984768


https://twitter.com/EnvironmentYF/status/1157268499103985664


https://twitter.com/ChangingWorkC/status/1147183913980375040


https://twitter.com/BenCooper1995/status/1156864232501239808


https://twitter.com/BenCooper1995/status/1148538093923983361


UK Vol.148 (think tanks)

https://twitter.com/NEF/status/1156899125197099008


https://twitter.com/NEF/status/1156499064927789056


https://twitter.com/NEF/status/1156134839197634560


https://twitter.com/NEF/status/1155098007081062400


https://twitter.com/NEF/status/1154317088200306688


https://twitter.com/NEF/status/1152209025372688384


https://twitter.com/NEF/status/1151472568936914946


https://twitter.com/NEF/status/1151432781957873664
https://twitter.com/NEF/status/1151076508783521793
https://twitter.com/NEF/status/1151056753532055552


https://twitter.com/SurvivalEditors/status/1151846079836692480UK


UK Vol.147 (think tanks)


https://twitter.com/OpenEurope/status/1153956306644099072


https://twitter.com/HenryNewman/status/1153664744424914944


New York Vol.20 (CUNY: Graduate School of Public Health & Health Policy, School of Labor & Urban Studies)


https://twitter.com/FurmanCenterNYU/status/1134108034962210816


New York Vol.16 (CUNY: Queens College, City College of Technology, John Jay College)


Kentucky Vol.3 (University of Kentucky)


https://twitter.com/jabostock/status/1127938864151240704


https://twitter.com/ukyengineering/status/1124326356718956549
https://twitter.com/ukyengineering/status/1119307861044203522


https://twitter.com/UKAgriculture/status/1130805889433317376


https://twitter.com/UKAgriculture/status/1114141997214916608
https://twitter.com/UKAgriculture/status/1105105084013256710
https://twitter.com/UKAgriculture/status/1103673540220469248


https://twitter.com/UKAgEd/status/1125862505505488897


Australia Vol.17 (2019 federal election)

House of Representatives – who is leading? | @AusElectoralCom
2019 federal election boundaries map (w PDFs) | @AusElectoralCom
Infosheet 8 – Elections for the House of Representatives | Parliament of Australia
Senate Results | @ABCNews
How the Senate result is determined | @AusElectoralCom
Senate elections | Parliament of Australia

DELIVERING OUR PLAN | @LiberalAus
Our Plan – BUILDING OUR ECONOMY. SECURING YOUR FUTURE. | Liberal National Party
PLAN FOR A STRONGER REGIONAL AUSTRALIA – The Nationals’ heart is in the country and the coast. | @The_Nationals
OUR PLAN | @CountryLibs
Liberal Party’s Scott Morrison re-elected as Australian Prime Minister (Video; 05/18/2019) | @globalnews
Scott Morrison goes from accidental Prime Minister to homespun hero in election 2019 (05/20/2019) | Andrew Probyn @ABCNews
cf. Australia Vol.4 (Coalition – Liberal Party of Australia, Liberal National Party of Queensland, National Party of Australia, Country Liberal Party (NT) – 2016 Election Policies)
Malcolm Turnbull Election Night Speech 2016 (YouTube)
Tony Abbott Speech – 2013 Campaign Launch (YouTube)

Excerpts are on our own.
Australia’s conservatives relish unexpected 3rd term win (05/18/2019) | @reuters,@CBC
… The White House said Trump and Morrison spoke by phone and “pledged to continue their close cooperation on shared priorities.” Morrison told raucously cheering supporters late on Saturday, who just hours earlier had seemed resigned to defeat, that he had always believed in miracles. …
… Morrison, however, cast himself as the candidate who would work for aspirational voters and the tactic seemed to strike a chord. A Pentecostal church-goer, Morrison took over as prime minister last year when he emerged as the unexpected winner of infighting within the Liberal party…
… The government campaigned on a platform of tax cuts and stability, while Labor promised to reduce inequality through tax reform, higher wages, better public infrastructure and faster action on climate change. Fitch Ratings said in a note the result would bring policy continuity, including the coalition’s pledge to start delivering budget surpluses next financial year. …
Here are the winning stocks in Australia as Morrison takes victory at the elections (05/20/2019) | @CNBC
… Bank, coal miners, property and healthcare stocks jumped, pushing the benchmark S&P/ASX 200 index to an 11-year high, after opening 1.7% higher and hitting its highest intraday level since 2007. …
… Yancoal Australia surged 5.7%, New Hope jumped about 4%, and Whitehaven Coal rose about 2%…
… Shares of Australia’s biggest lender Commonwealth Bank of Australia jumped about 6% and National Australia Bank surged 6.63%. Australia and New Zealand Banking Group also rose 6.46%, while Westpac soared 7.16%. …
… Property classified ads company REA Group was up 7% and shares of its rival, Domain Holdings Australia, rose 3% in early trade. Construction firm Lendlease Group bounced about 1%, while property developer Stockland jumped over 4.5%.
… Shares of the country’s biggest private health insurer Medibank Private were up 10%, while smaller NIB Holdings was up 9%…
What a Labor Victory Might Mean for Australian Foreign Policy (01/31/2019) | @elenacollinson @CFR_org
… In October 2016, Shorten declared Trump “entirely unsuitable to be leader of the free world,” having earlier that year described Trump’s policies as “barking mad.” In January 2017, Shorten called the new president’s policy barring visitors from several Muslim-majority from entering the United States “appalling.”…
… But any rift this may cause between the two countries is likely to be superficial. Shorten and the senior members of his shadow cabinet have articulated an “unshakeable” commitment to the U.S.-Australia alliance, terming it a “pillar” of the ALP’s foreign policy vision and “central to Australia’s strategic interests.”…
… With respect to China, there is no immediate indication that the ALP’s approach will differ significantly from that of the current government. Criticisms from Labor of the government’s handling of the Australia-China relationship have predominantly centred on rhetoric, variously characterizing it as “disjointed megaphone diplomacy,” “Chinaphobic” and “unwise and provocative,”…
…a ban on foreign political donations, and the decision to block Chinese companies Huawei and ZTE from involvement in the rollout of Australia’s 5G network. Labor has also been supportive of strategies to balance China’s regional rise, actively engaging in the push to forge closer ties with Pacific nations, and articulating a strong commitment to the Quadrilateral Security Dialogue. There is also general consensus between the two major parties… the Australian government is handling the mass internment of an estimated one million Uighurs and other Muslim minorities in Xinjiang “the appropriate way” by enunciating Canberra’s concerns “very clear publicly and privately” but not immediately…
Shorten has also rejected the notion of “pre-emptively framing China as a strategic threat,” placing some distance between the Labor Party’s proposed China policy and the more adversarial posture toward China reflected in the U.S. National Security and National Defense Strategies and amplified in Vice President Mike Pence’s tough speech…
Two areas of potential difference in a Labor-led China policy may be on Australian strategy in the South China Sea and participation in the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI). …
One priority in Labor’s overall Asia strategy is to deepen economic ties with Indonesia, one of Australia’s most important, and often contentious, bilateral relationships. …
…in 2017, there is bipartisan support for the Australian foreign policy white paper released that year. The white paper, Australia’s first in fourteen years, examines the shifting power dynamics in the Indo-Pacific region, with a particular focus on the challenges presented by China’s rise…

Federal election 2019: What a Coalition win means for you, major policies explained: Scott Morrison’s stunning win saw the Coalition remain in government, but some changes are still coming soon. Here’s what you need to know. (w Video; 05/20/2019) | @9NewsAUS
Former Liberal Party leader: How Morrison won Australian elections (Video; 05/20/2019) | @CNBC
Working-Class Voters Deliver a Win for Conservatives in Australia (05/19/2019) | @NRO
Five Things To Know About Australia’s Election Results: As the country attempts to get its head around what happened last night, we are offering up a few bite-sized takeaways to get you through a day of political small talk. (19/05/2019) | @vice
What Scott Morrison’s win means for Australian investors (18/05/2019) | Katarina Taurian @NestEggAU
Why China is not celebrating the unexpected Australian election result (05/20/2019) | John Lee @CNN
Australia’s conservative party retains power in shocking election result (05/19/2019) | Rachel Withers @vox
How did they get it so wrong? Polling companies explain what happened after predicting a Labor win for THREE YEARS (20/05/2019) | DANIEL PIOTROWSKI and STEPHEN JOHNSON @dailymailuk
10 key lessons from Australia’s poll-defying election results (05/20/2019) | @washingtonpost
4 things to know about Australia’s contentious election: After years of dysfunction, will conservatives get the boot? (w Video; 05/17/2019) | Eric Kleefeld @vox
2019 Federal Election Preview (12/05/2019) | @OddscheckerAu
Morrison’s Allies Retain Power in Most-Populous Australian State (03/23/2019) | Jason Scott and Jackie Edwards @bpolitics
FactCheck: has Australia’s net debt doubled under the current government? (08/06/2018) | Mark Crosby @ConversationEDU

Labor’s Policies For A Fair Go For Australia | @AustralianLabor
LABOR’S FISCAL PLAN (PDF) | @AustralianLabor
How Australian Labor lost ‘the unlosable election’ (Audio) | Rebecca Huntley @abcconvos
How did the Liberal National Party win over voters in Queensland? (YouTube) | @ABCNews
Bill Shorten quits as Labor leader after loss (YouTube) | @9NewsAUS
What the left can learn from Australian Labor: By combining radical economics with patriotism, the party has made itself the favourite to win this May’s general election. (16/01/2019) | Adrian Pabst @NewStatesman
cf. Australia Vol.12 (Queensland)
We’re building a future for all of us | @Greens
Swing of 2.6% will give the Greens a dominant role on Senate crossbench: Adam Bandt comfortably re-elected in Melbourne but party fails to make gains in the lower house (19/05/2019) | @Paul_Karp @guardian
The rise of the Australian Greens (22/09/2008) | Scott Bennett @ Politics and Public Administration Section @ Parliament of Australia
cf. Australia Vol.3 (Australian Labor Party’s 10 Year Plan for Australia’s Economy; AUSTRALIAN GREENS ELECTION PLATFORM 2016)
Election 2016: Bill Shorten’s full campaign launch speech (YouTube)
Kevin Rudd’s Labor campaign launch speech (YouTube; 2013)
Julia Gillard Campaign Launch (YouTube; 2010)

Excerpts are on our own.
Australian election: Labor’s humiliating defeat – why it fell apart for Bill Shorten – ANALYSIS (19/05/2019) | Malcolm Farr @nzherald
… Bill Shorten’s attempt to parlay six years of Labor unity and preparation into a victory formula has failed, with Queensland bringing it undone. …
… Scott Morrison has established himself as a fierce political street brawler who surprised Labor with his energy, his aggression, and his read of the electorate. …
… As Liberal John Hewson found in 1993, Labor’s Bill Shorten has learned in 2019: Being a reformer exposes you to misrepresentation by an opponent unencumbered by fresh direction. …
… It should also be acknowledged his departure makes life easier for Morrison, who will not have to keep looking over his shoulder at creeping Abbott ambitions. … “It’s also clear that in at least some of what might be described as ‘wealthy seats’, we are doing it tough, and the Green left is doing better.”
…few political operative were able to pander to the desires for simplistic certainties, like Pauline Hanson and Clive Palmer. @OneNationAus and @UnitedAusParty were crucial in regional Queensland results. …
Tanya Plibersek’s disastrous comment that cost Labor Queensland: Tanya Plibersek has been slammed over a remark she made in the lead-up to the election, which may have cost her party the crucial state of Queensland. (05/20/2019) | @gavindfernando @newscomauHQ
…she was out there denigrating the coal industry and saying it will phase out,” he told Sky News. “To say that on the eve of the election, in which there are six marginal seats in North Queensland in the coal belt, was absolutely disastrous. …
… The seats Mr Katter refers to are Peter Dutton’s northern Brisbane seat of Dickson, George Christensen’s marginal seat of Dawson, the Townsville-based seat of Herbert, as well as Flynn, Capricornia and Leichhardt. …
… The Labor Party was dealt a crushing blow in Queensland, with its vote falling to just 27.4 per cent…
… Last month, she told the ABC that Australians “can’t rely on an Indian mining company to bring jobs to central and north Queensland”. Prime Minister Scott Morrison slammed her over the remarks, comparing her to former NSW Labor leader Michael Daley. Mr Daley infamously accused Asians of taking Australian jobs during the NSW state election in March, before he went on to lose the vote. …
… “We needed to make it clear that if it was able to do so, that of course Labor would welcome the investment and jobs,” Mr Fitzgibbon said. The Hunter MP, who suffered a big swing against him towards One Nation’s pro-coal candidate, also said the party had drifted too far to the left. …
… Liberal senator Eric Abetz said the impact of the debate around Adani went beyond Queensland, into his own state of Tasmania. “Adani was seen … as an indication that the Labor Party was deserting its grassroots and the workers in favour of the suburban city elite…


https://twitter.com/HillelNeuer/status/1129888752183185408


UK Vol.127 (Post-EUref #Brexit Vol.45)


https://twitter.com/UKParliament/status/1106226166816489472


https://twitter.com/ConUnit_UCL/status/1105566233376800769


https://twitter.com/tradegovuk/status/1103718154302353408


https://twitter.com/andrealeadsom/status/1106319103789289480


https://twitter.com/iealondon/status/1105900477982691328


https://twitter.com/iealondon/status/1105753258113552384


https://twitter.com/MRJKilcoyne/status/1105754542598164480
https://twitter.com/MRJKilcoyne/status/1089216935458496513


https://twitter.com/NEF/status/1106217944437190658
https://twitter.com/NEF/status/1106185244087123968


https://twitter.com/NIESRorg/status/1105020282681597952


https://twitter.com/NIESRorg/status/1100705854486138880


UK Vol.126 (Post-EUref #Brexit Vol.44)

UK white UnlimitedDownload
3 points concerning Brexit which have not been confronted in the media etc. – especially outside the United Kingdom and the Republic of Ireland


https://twitter.com/Conservatives/status/1085278736944107522
https://twitter.com/UKLabour/status/1085294303033798657


https://twitter.com/UKParliament/status/1085167637653581825

https://twitter.com/tictoc/status/1085401336588439553


https://twitter.com/EU_Commission/status/1095344536631488514


https://twitter.com/NeilRetail/status/1083252097750126592
https://twitter.com/French_Gov/status/1067422290541973504

British Foreign Policy – Post Brexit (w Video; 05/04/2018) | @CFR_org


https://twitter.com/ConUnit_UCL/status/1093575979757457410


https://twitter.com/LSEEI/status/1098904335545782272


US Policy Changes Vol.35 (Economy Vol.7 / Employment Vol.3: middle class, income, inequality)

Here are articles and radio programs on middle class, income, inequality, et al. Excerpts are on our own.

The American Middle Class Meltdown (Radio; 12/14/2015) | Jacob Hacker… @WBUR

Jacob Hacker’s Interview on Rising Inequality “Winner-Take-All Politics: How Washington Made the Rich Richer and Turned Its Back on the Middle Class” (Radio; 9/9/2015) | Jacob Hacker (Nation, Inside Charlotteville)

The Split: 19 reason the Democrats will remain divided – and what it means for the party’s future. (6/16/2016) | @newrepublic
…23 leading historians, political scientists, pollsters, artists, and activists…
Jacob Hacker… There’s a sense of, “We went with someone within the system, and look what happened—Republicans still tried to crush that person. So let’s go for the whole thing.” There’s a sense that supporting the Democratic establishment and going the conventional route hasn’t been that productive.

Why Money Flows Uphill:Power brokers choose economic efficiency over equality—in contrast to average Americans—economist Ray Fisman finds in study (12/15/2015) | @sararimer @BUexperts
…economic redistribution policies that benefit the middle class and poor almost always involve a cost in terms of lost, or wasted, resources—known as the “leaky bucket,” the term coined by economist Arthur M. Okun in his famous 1975 book, Equality and Efficiency: The Big Tradeoff. @RFisman’s co-authors are @PJakiela @UofMaryland, Shachar Kariv @UCBerkeley, and Daniel Markovits @YaleLawSch. …
The study, “The distributional preferences of an elite,” examines people’s attitudes toward two tradeoffs that shape social and economic policy: efficiency vs. equality and selfishness vs. fair-mindedness. “The tradeoff between selfishness and fair-mindedness informs the willingness of the haves to make sacrifices in order to aid the have-nots,” Fisman says. “And the tradeoff between efficiency and equality goes to the familiar conundrum of whether economic policy should concentrate on growing the economic pie or on promoting the pie’s even distribution.”
… More importantly, Fisman says, the study found that elites were much less willing to sacrifice efficiency for equality than were average Americans. (That is, elites care more about growing the size of the economic pie than ensuring everyone gets the same-sized slice.) …
… Equality-minded subjects were more likely to work for nonprofit organizations, with a focus on the equality-related rights and interests of the disenfranchised. Efficiency-minded subjects chose the corporate sector.
Fisman:… Studying an elite population is a novelty in itself, since it’s so hard to access…, yet so very important because of their outsized effect on policy. Second, …implications for how we think about confronting the problem of growing inequality in America.
… We are most certainly not invoking supply-side economics, which is essentially a “have-your-cake-and-eat-it-too” theory of income taxation. …under supply-side economics, everyone is better off.
… We measure efficiency by the extent to which the size of the pie—money available in the experiment, in our case—is maximized. It says nothing about how this pie is distributed amongst individuals. …we can use those tax proceeds to distribute income or improve educational opportunities or otherwise help the poor in ways that lead to a more equitable income distribution. In this case, we need to decide how much efficiency we’re willing to trade off for greater equality.
… Participants in the experiment confront this tradeoff when they face different “prices” of giving. You can think about this price as capturing how much societal wealth is lost when a more productive member of society redistributes to a less able—and hence, initially poorer—individual. …
You say that Yale Law students’ commitment to efficiency over equality is astonishing, given that they self-identified as Democrats rather than Republicans—and thus sided with the party of economic equality—by a factor of over nine to one. What about the difference between the rhetorical ideals of a political party and what it does in practice? Some people believe there isn’t much of a difference between Democrats and Republicans…
… In other work, Shachar, Pam, and I find that political affiliation is, for Americans overall, a strong predictor of efficiency orientation. So self-identified Democrats—who lean toward equality orientation—do, in fact, act in a manner that is in keeping with the rhetorical ideals of their party, relative to Republicans…
… What I take away from our study is that policymakers on both sides of the aisle might be more reluctant to implement redistributive tax policies that aim to narrow the gap between the rich and the poor, even if that’s something their constituents want or need. The study’s findings signal this disconnect between the preferences of the electorate and the elected. …

Study of Yale law students helps explain economic inequality, authors say (9/22/2015) | Debra Cassens Weiss @ABAJournal

Yale Professor Daniel Markovits on Economic Equality and Inequality (4/23/2016) | @RockefellerCtr
(1) modern meritocracy has transformed the character of economic inequality; (2) the hyper-meritocracy that has developed in the United States today benefits no one; and (3) merit itself has become a sham. …
According to Markovits, one of the biggest movements away from inequality has been the opening of elite schools to working class children and minority children from any religion or background – but this still has not eliminated inequality from the United States meritocratic structure. A higher share of Yale College students come from the top 1% of the income distribution than from the entire bottom half. The top quarter outweighs the bottom quarter by a ratio of 4:1. …
One student asked Markovits if he believed that, no matter what social structure changes, the economic elite will always find a way to enhance future generations. Markovits responded by citing the iron law of oligarchy: the elite will always manage to capture the greater share of the social share than it deserves and will reproduce this itself. Outstanding schools have in the past and will continue to spend their money and privilege wisely toward producing meritocratic end. …
As Markovits asserted, even if you are at the threshold of the 1%, with an annual income of around $375,000, you are still struggling to find a comfortable family home in areas such as New York, San Francisco, and London. The elite has grown so much that others are pricing you out of this market. The current deal for the elite – work long hours and get paid huge sums of money – is a less great tradeoff for the elite. No one wins…
“My biggest advice… “I for one never accept meetings before noon because the morning is my own time.”

IS AMERICA AN OLIGARCHY? (4/18/2014) | @JohnCassidy @NewYorker
… After examining differences in public opinion across income groups on a wide variety of issues, the political scientists Martin Gilens, of Princeton, and Benjamin Page, of Northwestern, found that the preferences of rich people had a much bigger impact on subsequent policy decisions than the views of middle-income and poor Americans. …
… In their conclusion… When a majority of citizens disagrees with economic elites and/or with organized interests, they generally lose. Moreover … even when fairly large majorities of Americans favor policy change, they generally do not get it.”
… Gilens and Page do not use the term “oligarchy”… which would imply that a small ruling class dominates the political system to the exclusion of all others. They prefer the phrase “economic élite domination,” which is a bit less pejorative.
… “Rather often, average citizens and affluent citizens (our proxy for economic elites) want the same things from government.” …
…three causal variables: the views of Americans in the ninetieth percentile of the income distribution (the rich), the views of Americans in the fiftieth percentile (the middle class), and the opinions of various interest groups, such as business lobbies and trade unions.
…when the economic élites support a given policy change, it has about a one-in-two chance of being enacted. … When the élites oppose a given measure, its chances of becoming law are less than one in five. …
… on many issues, the rich exercise an effective veto. If they are against something, it is unlikely to happen. This is obviously inconsistent with the median-voter theorem—which holds that policy outcomes reflect the preferences of voters who represent the ideological center…
… “The probability of policy change is nearly the same (around 0.3) whether a tiny minority or a large majority of average citizens favor a proposed policy change.” …

The costs of inequality: Increasingly, it’s the rich and the rest (w charts; 2/8/2016) | @cpazzanese @HarvardMagazine
… Personified by outsider candidates Bernie Sanders and Donald Trump, economic inequality has resonated with broad swaths of nervous voters on both the left and right. …
Lawrence Katz @HarvardEcon, says the most damaging aspects of the gap between the top 1 percent of Americans and everyone else involve the increasing economic and political power that the very rich wield over society, along with a growing educational divide, and escalating social segregation in which the elites live in literal and figurative gated communities.
… “…rising inequality with stagnant mobility, which means that the consequences of where you start out, whether it’s in a poor neighborhood, whether it’s from a single-parent household, are more consequential today than in the past. Your ZIP code and the exact characteristics of your parents seem to matter more,”…
“It’s long been known that the better educated, those with higher incomes, participate more” in politics on “everything from voting to contacting politicians to donating,” said Theda Skocpol @HarvardSoc. “What is quite new in recent times is … very systematically, that government really responds much more to the privileged than to even middle-income people who vote.”
… Backers with both influence and access often help to shape the political agenda. The result is a kind of velvet rope that can keep those without economic clout on the sidelines, out of the conversation.
… But many politicians probably don’t realize it at all because … politicians spend a lot of their time asking people to give money to them [who] don’t think it’s a good idea to change that,”…
… @lessig @Harvard_Law. In Congress, he said, “They focus too much on the tiny slice, 1 percent, who are funding elections. In the current election cycle [as of October], 158 families have given half the money to candidates. That’s a banana republic democracy…
Christopher “Sandy” Jencks @Kennedy_School… three key factors: … The share of income gains flowing to the top 1 percent of earners doubling as a result of deregulation, globalization, and speculation in the financial services industry. …
“We have some of the lowest rates of upward mobility of any developed country in the world,” said Nathaniel Hendren @HarvardEcon…
… Median household income when last reported in 2013 was at a level first attained in 1989, adjusting for inflation. That’s a long time to go without any gains,” said Jan Rivkin @HarvardHBS…
…Claudia Goldin @HarvardEcon… “If you reduce gender inequality to zero, you’ve closed inequality … by a very small percent,”…
Rivkin says that the pressures of globalization and technological change and the weakening of labor unions have had a major impact. But he disagrees that political favoritism toward business interests and away from ordinary citizens is the primary reason for burgeoning inequality. Rather, he says that sustained underinvestment by government and business in “the commons” — the institutions and services that offer wide community benefits, like schools and roads — has been especially detrimental. …
Partisan gridlock in Washington, D.C., has diminished the effectiveness of government — perhaps the most essential and powerful tool for addressing inequality and citizens’ needs.
… “The optimism… Medicare and the Earned Income Tax Credit… I think that if national policy more approximated the upper third of state and local policies, the U.S. would have a lot of hope,”…
“Strong regulation and strong support for collective control over…
…@bsachs @Harvard_Law… Unions used to wield both economic and political clout, but legislative and court decisions reduced their effectiveness as economic actors, cutting their political influence as well. …
…“unbundling” unions’ political and economic activities, allowing them to serve as political organizing vehicles for low- and middle-income Americans, even those whom a union may not represent for collective bargaining purposes.
…Sachs wrote in a 2013 Yale Law Review article…
Still, given the historic labor and wage trend lines, Goldin said the economic forces that perpetuate unequal wages — and inequality more broadly — won’t simply disappear even with a spate of new laws.
… Drawing on an idea from @desaimihira @HarvardHBS, Rivkin suggests… That money could then go back into investment in “the commons,” where “lots of common ground” exists among business, labor, policymakers, educators, and others. …