US Policy Changes Vol.93 (Foreign Policy Vol.10)


Taking History as a Mirror (w PDF; June 2018) | Neil Thomas @BelferCenter


Trump’s focus on China trade: Right target, wrong approach (06/14/2018) | Ryan Hass @BelferCenter


Ukraine fears falling victim to Trump-Putin ‘grand bargain’ (11/11/2016) | Neil Buckley and Roman Olearchyk @FT


Science and Technology Vol.6


https://twitter.com/UCDCompSci/status/972392650929303552


Science and Technology Vol.4


Virginia Vol.2


https://twitter.com/VSUTrojans/status/1006896826161729536


Wisconsin Vol.2

Wisconsin1
Wisconsin2


https://twitter.com/lourryinmyheart/status/755534062794649600


https://twitter.com/UWStevensPoint/status/993611485430669313


https://twitter.com/uw_superior/status/988843093993709568


https://twitter.com/UWM/status/999003223955566592


Minnesota Vol.3


Minnesota Vol.2

Minnesota1
Minnesota2
Natural Resources | Minnesota State Government
Economic Sectors and Employment Patterns (PDF)
Minnesota economy | North Star Policy Institute
Economy | Minnesota Public Radio News (MPRnews)
OVERVIEW | MINNESOTA COMPASS
Public Policy and Minnesota’s Economy – A Historical View (PDF) | Russell W. Fridley
DID HIGHER TAXES CREATE THE MINNESOTA MIRACLE? (04/24/2014) | Naomi Lopez Bauman, Illinois Policy Institute
Minnesota | Forbes
THE ECONOMIC CONTRIBUTIONS OF IMMIGRANTS IN MINNESOTA (PDF; September 2013) | Bruce P. Corrie & Sarah Radosevich
How Minnesota’s Economy Benefits from International Trade & Investment (PDF) | Business Roundtable
In Northern Minnesota, Two Economies Square Off: Mining vs Wilderness (10/12/2017) | REID FORGRAVE NYTimes
MINNESOTA FOREST INDUSTRIES
Tourism & Minnesota’s Economy (PDF) | Explore Minnesota
Minnesota Agriculture – THE FOUNDATION OF MINNESOTA’S ECONOMY 2007 (PDF)
Beef: Worth $5 billion to Minnesota’s economy – Most beef operations spend their money locally, too, providing investment in rural communities. (09/13/2017) | Paula Mohr
BIOPHARMACEUTICAL SECTOR IMPACT ON MINNESOTA’S ECONOMY (PDF)
MINNESOTA GOLF ECONOMY (PDF)
THE IMPACT OF MINNESOTA’S ARTISTS, CREATIVE WORKERS AND NONPROFIT ARTS AND CULTURE ORGANIZATIONS 2017
Who’s winning and losing in Minnesota’s 2016 economy? (12/03/2016) | DAVID MONTGOMERY and BRIAN EDWARDS, AP
How Central Minnesota’s Economy, Population has Boomed Over the Last Few Decades (02/08/2018) | Greta Kaul, Twin City Business
City of Minneapolis
City of St. Paul
Minnesota Chamber of Commerce news


https://twitter.com/xeni/status/792888873735057408


Free papers, reports, et al. Vol.46


https://twitter.com/IFRI_/status/973966653598912514


Louisiana Vol.4

Louisiana
Louisiana Government
Louisiana Treasury
Louisiana Economy at a Glance | BLS
Louisiana Trade Resources | World Trade Center New Orleans
Louisiana DNR
La Oil & Gas Assoc
LEDLouisiana
Audubon Nature Institute
Louisiana Universities Marine Consortium (LUMCON)
Road Reports, Construction, Weather Warnings, Ferry Status, Flooding/Ice, Other States’ Info | LA DOTD
Transportation & Mobility | 2017 Louisiana Smart Growth Summit
Louisiana Department of Culture, Recreation and Tourism
Louisiana Travel
LA Entertainment
LABI
La. Seafood Board
LaDeptAg&Forestry
LouisianaFarmBureau
Louisiana Summary Agriculture and Natural Resources | LSU AgCenter
LA Health Connect
City of New Orleans Government
City of Baton Rouge
City of Shreveport
Bossier City
Shreveport Bossier
City of Metairie
Louisiana Association of Chamber of Commerce Executives (LACCE) map
The Louisiana-Texas cattle trade (02/07/2018) | Stanley Nelson @ Concordia Sentinel


Louisiana Vol.3

Tulane University Louisiana Research Collection (LaRC)


Alabama Vol.2


https://twitter.com/GRIDmdv/status/978727104811380736


https://twitter.com/AlabamaMBB/status/971846136737779712


Canada Vol.38 / Trans-Pacific Partnership #TPP Vol.4

A Glimpse of a Canadian-Led International Order: The U.S. ditched a massive trade agreement which turned out slightly better without it. (01/24/2018) | MATT PETERSON @TheAtlantic
Comprehensive & Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership (CPTPP) | @NewsroomGC
A Brief Concerning the Investor State Dispute Settlement (ISDS) Provisions in the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) Agreement (PDF) | North Shore Nova Scotia Chapter, Council of Canadians
LET’S TALK TPP – CITIZEN’S REPORT: Rebuilding public trust in trade processes (PDF; March 2017)
Whoa, Canada: Explaining the TPP deal that wasn’t (13/11/2017) | Mike Callaghan @lowyinstitute
@FairDuty – Posts Tagged ‘TPP’
Risks and Opportunities of the Trans-Pacific Partnership for Canada’s Building Trades Unions (PDF; August 2016) | @dawson_strat
THE TRANS-PACIFIC PARTNERSHIP: WHAT’S IN IT FOR CANADA? (PDF; October 2016) | @BizCouncilofCan
THE TRANS-PACIFIC PARTNERSHIP (TPP): AN OVERVIEW (PDF) | John M. Curtis @policy_school/@pgfor
The TPP and Cultural Diversity (w PDF; 03/18/2016) | Alexandre L. Maltais @ccpa
Canadian Dairy in the Trans-Pacific Partnership: A Preliminary Analysis (PDF; October 2015) | Al Mussell, Douglas Hedley, and Kamal Karunagoda @AgriFoodEcon
Free Trade Fantasies: Canada Must Reject Both NAFTA and TPP (02/04/2018) | Michael Welch, David Orchard, and Gus Van Harten @CRG_CRM


https://twitter.com/canzuk/status/948653710753837056


US Policy Changes Vol.80 (Middle East Vol.6)

Great stuff!


Are Oil Prices Heading for Another Spike? (01/31/2018) | Carmen Reinhart, Vincent Reinhart @ProSyn @BelferCenter
OPEC’s Misleading Narrative About World Oil Supply (w PDF; March 2017) | Leonardo Maugeri @BelferCenter
Inside the Middle East Q&A: Ali Ahmad on Nuclear Power and Energy in the Middle East (Podcast; 02/20/2018) | @BelferCenter
A Lasting Defeat: The Campaign to Destroy ISIS (October 2017) | Ash Carter @BelferCenter
The Syrian crisis: A reckoning and a road map (09/12/2017) | Itamar Rabinovich @BrookingsInst
Don’t underestimate Kurdistan’s resilience (09/22/2017) | Ranj Alaaldin @BrookingsInst
A political surge is what’s needed in Afghanistan (05/30/2017) | Douglas Lute @thehill
Is it time for India to play a role in Israeli-Palestinian peace? (02/22/2018) | Kadira Pethiyagoda @BrookingInst
Who is responsible for solving Gaza’s massive electricity crisis? (02/05/2018) | Diana B. Greenwald @washingtonpost
Iran and Israel face off in Syria, as if it wasn’t complicated enough (02/13/2018) | Dror Michman and Yael Mizrahi-Arnaud @Brookingsinst
A Poorly Negotiated Saudi Nuclear Deal Could Damage Future Regional Relationships (02/05/2018) | Henry Sokolski, William H. Tobey @TheNatlInterest
Saudi Reforms Get a Boost From Google (02/04/2018) | Karen Elliott House @WSJ
Trump, Jerusalem, and a dispensable Arab region (12/06/2017) | Rami G. Khouri @agenceglobal
Jerusalem: securing spaces in holy places (07/31/2017) | Beverley Milton-Edwards @BrookingsInst
Jerusalem: After 30 years of hope and failure, what’s next for Israel/Palestine? (12/13/2017) | Hady Amr @BrookingsInst
Has Israel Grown Too Dependent on the United States? (02/05/2018) | Chuck Freilich @mosaicmag
How much does BDS threaten Israel’s economy? (01/26/2018) | Dany Bahar and Natan Sachs @BrookingsInst
The two things that will determine Netanyahu’s fate (02/15/2018) | Natan Sachs @BrookingsInst
Trump Wants to Attack North Korea? He Should Learn from Israel First (02/01/2018) | David Ignatius @washingtonpost
Cooperation in the Libya WMD Disarmament Case (PDF) | William Tobey
Verifying the Elimination of Nuclear Weapons and Providing Assurance against Breakout (w PDF; February 2018) | John Carlson @BelferCenter
The World Doesn’t Need Any More Nuclear Strategies (02/06/2018) | Stephen M. Walt @ForeignPolicy


Alaska Vol.3

Alaska 2'''
Alaska 2' county
alaska-map


Texas Vol.4


https://twitter.com/TAMU/status/929813598511226880


Texas Vol.3

Texas2


Texas Vol.2

Texas1


https://twitter.com/KeepTexasGreen/status/933105021486383104


Middle East Vol.5 (Iran Vol.5 – Nuclear Agreement Vol.5)


https://twitter.com/_JMBP_/status/947652984183427073


Middle East Vol.4 (Iran Vol.4 – Nuclear Agreement Vol.4)

What the Iran nuclear deal means for oil prices (07/15/2017) | @bradplumer @vox
Oil prices slide as Iran’s nuclear deal spells trouble for U.S. shale (07/14/2015) | Geoffrey Smith @fortune
How Would The Iran Nuclear Deal Impact Oil Prices? (06/29/2015) | @forbes
Iran-US Interim Agreement: Historic Breakthrough or Historic Sellout? (12/10/2013) | Dr James Petras @NewsBud_
Iran-US Regional Relations Subsequent to Nuclear Agreement (07/26/2015) | Masoud Rezaei @Iran_Review
World powers reach nuclear deal with Iran to freeze its nuclear program (11/24/2013) | Anne Gearan and Joby Warrick @washingtonpost
Why Europe Backs Obama on Iran (04/07/2015) | Carl Bildt @berggruenInst @HuffPost
Iran Nuclear Agreement | @plough_shares
Iran: Inside the Deal | @AJEnglish
Nuclear Iran | @cbsnews
Iran | @bilaterals_org


Middle East Vol.3 (Iran Vol.3 – Nuclear Agreement Vol.3)

Ernest J. Moniz Addresses Global Nuclear Risks (Speech; 01/11/2018)
Information Note on EU sanctions to be lifted under the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) (PDF; 23/01/2016)
Annex II: Sanctions-related commitments | @StateDept


Iran: One year since sanctions relief (17/01/2017) | Henry Smith @Control_Risks
Iran: Flexibility in contract negotiations to arise out of uneven enforcement of local content regulations (10/05/2017) | Henry Smith @Control_Risks


Middle East Vol.2 (Iran Vol.2 – Nuclear Agreement Vol.2)

Why the Iran protests matter (Voice; 01/02/2018) | Suzanne Maloney @BrookingsFP
Iran nuclear deal: Key details (13/10/2017) | @BBC
Iran Nuclear Agreement (PDF; 09/15/2017) | Kenneth Katzman & Paul K. Kerr @CRS4Congress
Full text of the Iran nuclear deal (14/07/2015) | @washingtonpost
Iran’s Nuclear Ambitions and Political Theory (06/03/2012) | Allison Kushner @FPA_ORG
HARVARD POLL ON RENEGOTIATING IRAN NUCLEAR DEAL USED “BLATANTLY BIASED QUESTION” (10/28/2017) | Murtaza Hussain @theintercept
Saving the Iran Nuclear Deal, Despite Trump’s Decertification (13/10/2017) | @CrisisGroup
The Real Promise of the US-Iran Agreement – Yes, it will prevent Iran from developing nukes. But it could also transform the Middle East, bringing  order and peace to a region falling into chaos. (07/16/2015) | @thenation
Proxy War Over Iran Nuclear Deal Divides U.S., Europe at UN (10/12/2017) | Kambiz Foroohar @bpolitics
The Iran Nuclear Deal – A Simple Guide (03/31/2015) | @nytimes
Trade – Iran | @EU_Commission


https://twitter.com/CFR_org/status/952571019239149568


Middle East Vol.1 (Iran Vol.1 – Nuclear Agreement Vol.1)


Pennsylvania Vol.2

Pennsylvania1
Pennsylvania2


Free papers, reports, et al. Vol.37 (paper.li 2017 Vol.1)


US Policy Changes Vol.74 (National Security Strategy)

The below excerpt of National Security Strategy of the United States of America DECEMBER 2017 (PDF) is on our own.

The American people elected me to make America great again. …
During my first year in office, you have witnessed my America First foreign policy in action. …
The United States faces an extraordinarily dangerous world, filled with a wide range of threats that have intensified in recent years. …
We are rallying the world against the rogue regime in North Korea and confronting the danger posed by the dictatorship in Iran, which those determined to pursue a flawed nuclear deal had neglected. …
At home, we have restored confidence in America’s purpose. …
The whole world is lifted by America’s renewal and the reemergence of American leadership. …

pp.1-4 INTRODUCTION
… Putting America first is the duty of our government and the foundation for U.S. leadership in the world.
A strong America is in the vital interests of not only the American people, but also those around the world who want to partner with the United States in pursuit of shared interests, values, and aspirations.
… Liberty and independence have given us the flourishing society Americans enjoy today-a vibrant and confident Nation, welcoming of disagreement and differences, but united by the bonds of history, culture, beliefs, and principles that define who we are.
… American political, business, and military leaders worked together with their counterparts in Europe and Asia to shape the post-war order through the United Nations, the Marshall Plan, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), and other institutions designed to advance our shared interests of security, freedom, and peace. …
A Competitive World
… China and Russia challenge American power, influence, and interests, attempting to erode American security and prosperity. …
…jihadist terrorists such as ISIS and al-Qa’ida continue to spread a barbaric ideology that calls for the violent destruction of governments and innocents they consider to be apostates. …
… North Korea-a country that starves its own people-has spent hundreds of millions of dollars on nuclear, chemical, and biological weapons that could threaten our homeland. …
An America First National Security Strategy
First, our fundamental responsibility is to protect the American people, the homeland, and the American way of life.
Second, we will promote American prosperity. …
Third, we will preserve peace through strength by rebuilding our military so that it remains preeminent, deters our adversaries, and if necessary, is able to fight and win. …
Fourth, we will advance American influence because a world that supports American interests and reflects our values makes America more secure and prosperous. …

pp.7-14 PILLAR I: PROTECT THE AMERICAN PEOPLE, THE HOMELAND, AND THE AMERICAN WAY OF LIFE (“July 2017”)
… North Korea seeks the capability to kill millions of Americans with nuclear weapons. … Non-state actors undermine social order through drug and human trafficking networks…
Secure U.S. Borders and Territory
Defend Against Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD)
…deploying a layered missile defense system focused on North Korea and Iran to defend… Enhanced missile defense is not intended to undermine strategic stability or disrupt longstanding strategic relationships with Russia or China. …
Combat Biothreats and Pandemics
Strengthen Border Control and Immigration Policy
Pursue Threats to Their Source
Defeat Jihadist Terrorists
Dismantle Transnational Criminal Organizations
Keep America Safe in the Cyber Era
…assess risk across six key areas: national security, energy and power, banking and finance, health and safety, communications, and transportation. …
Promote American Resilience

pp.17-23 PILLAR II: PROMOTE AMERICAN PROSPERITY (“November 2017”)
… Working with our allies and partners, the United States led the creation of a group of financial institutions and other economic forums that established equitable rules and built instruments to stabilize the international economy and remove the points of friction that had contributed to two world wars. …
… Experience shows that these countries distorted and undermined key economic institutions without undertaking significant reform of their economies or politics. They espouse free trade rhetoric and exploit its benefits, but only adhere selectively to the rules and agreements. …
Rejuvenate the Domestic Economy
… Departments and agencies will eliminate unnecessary regulations that stifle growth, drive up costs for American businesses, impede research and development, discourage hiring, and incentivize domestic businesses to move overseas. …
… Federal, state, and local governments will work together with private industry to improve our airports, seaports and waterways, roads and railways, transit systems, and telecommunications. …
Promote Free, Fair, and Reciprocal Economic Relationships
…will pursue bilateral trade and investment agreements with countries that commit to fair and reciprocal trade and will modernize existing agreements to ensure they are consistent with those principles. …
Lead in Research, Technology, Invention, and Innovation
… The Department of Defense and other agencies will establish strategic partnerships with U.S. companies to help align private sector R&D resources to priority national security applications. …
Promote and Protect the U.S. National Security Innovation Base
…will reduce the illicit appropriation of U.S. public and private sector technology and technical knowledge by hostile foreign competitors. …
…will review visa procedures to reduce economic theft by non-traditional intelligence collectors. …
Embrace Energy Dominance
…will streamline the Federal regulatory approval processes for energy infrastructure, from pipeline and export terminals to container shipments and gathering lines, while also ensuring responsible environmental stewardship.

pp.25-35 PILLAR III: PRESERVE PEACE THROUGH STRENGTH (“DECEMBER 2017”)
… Three main sets of challengers-the revisionist powers of China and Russia, the rogue states of Iran and North Korea, and transnational threat organizations, particularly jihadist terrorist groups-are actively competing against the United States and our allies and partners. …
… China and Russia want to shape a world antithetical to U.S. values and interests. China seeks to displace the United States in the Indo-Pacific region, expand the reaches of its state-driven economic model, and reorder the region in its favor. Russia seeks to restore its great power status and establish spheres of influence near its borders. The intentions of both nations are not necessarily fixed. …
For decades, U.S. policy was rooted in the belief that support for China’s rise and for its integration into the post-war international order would liberalize China. Contrary to our hopes, China expanded its power at the expense of the sovereignty of others. China gathers and exploits data on an unrivaled scale and spreads features of its authoritarian system, including corruption and the use of surveillance. It is building the most capable and well-funded military in the world, after our own. Its nuclear arsenal is growing and diversifying. Part of China’s military modernization and economic expansion is due to its access to the U.S. innovation economy, including America’s world-class universities.
Russia aims to weaken U.S. influence in the world and divide us from our allies and partners. …
Renew America’s Competitive Advantages
Renew Capabilities
Military
Defense Industrial Base
…will work with industry partners to strengthen U.S. competitiveness in key technologies and manufacturing capabilities. …
Nuclear Forces
Space
… America’s newly re-established National Space Council, chaired by the Vice President, will review America’s long-range space goals and develop a strategy that integrates all space sectors to support innovation and American leadership in space.
Cyberspace
Intelligence
… To prevent the theft of sensitive and proprietary information and maintain supply chain integrity, the United States must increase our understanding of the economic policy priorities of our adversaries and improve our ability to detect and defeat their attempts to commit economic espionage. …
Diplomacy and Statecraft
Competitive Diplomacy
… Diplomacy is indispensable to identify and implement solutions to conflicts in unstable regions of the world short of military involvement. It helps to galvanize allies for action and marshal the collective resources of like-minded nations and organizations to address shared problems. Authoritarian states are eager to replace the United States where the United States withdraws our diplomats and closes our outposts. …
… Diplomats must identify opportunities for commerce and cooperation, and facilitate the cultural, educational, and people-to-people exchanges that create the networks of current and future political, civil society, and educational leaders who will extend a free and prosperous world.
Tools of Economic Diplomacy
… Economic tools?including sanctions, anti-money-laundering and anti-corruption measures, and enforcement actions?can be important parts of broader strategies to deter, coerce, and constrain adversaries. …
Information Statecraft
… China, for example, combines data and the use of AI to rate the loyal of its citizens to the state and uses these ratings to determine jobs and more. Jihadist…
Russia uses information operations as part of its offensive cyber efforts to influence public opinion across the globe. …
… Local voices are most compelling and effective in ideological competitions. We must amplify credible voices and partner with them to advance alternatives to violent and hateful messages. …

pp.37-42 PILLAR IV: ADVANCE AMERICAN INFLUENCE (“JULY 2017″)
… During the Cold War, a totalitarian threat from the Soviet Union motivated the free world to create coalitions in defense of liberty. Today’s challenges to free societies are just as serious, but more diverse. …
… The United States offers partnership to those who share our aspirations for freedom and prosperity. We lead by example. “The world has its eye upon America,” Alexander Hamilton once observed. “The noble struggle we have made in the cause of liberty, has occasioned a kind of revolution in human sentiment. …
Encourage Aspiring Partners
… China and Russia target their investments in the developing world to expand influence and gain competitive advantages against the United States. China is investing billions of dollars in infrastructure across the globe. Russia, too, projects its influence economically, through the control of key energy and other infrastructure throughout parts of Europe and Central Asia. …
… The United States will promote a development model that partners with countries that want progress, consistent with their culture, based on free market principles, fair and reciprocal trade, private sector activity, and rule of law. The United States will shift away from a reliance on assistance based on grants to approaches that attract private capital and catalyze private sector activity. …
Achieve Better Outcomes in Multilateral Forums
… Authoritarian actors have long recognized the power of multilateral bodies and have used them to advance their interests and limit the freedom of their own citizens. If the United States cedes leadership of these bodies to adversaries, opportunities to shape developments that are positive for the United States will be lost. All institutions are not equal, however. …
… The United Nations can help contribute to solving many of the complex problems in the world, but it must be reformed and recommit to its founding principles. We will require accountability and emphasize shared responsibility among members. If the United States is asked to provide a disproportionate level of support for an institution, we will expect a commensurate degree of influence over the direction and efforts of that institution. …
…  The United States will promote the free flow of data and protect its interests through active engagement in key organizations, such as the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN), the Internet Governance Forum (IGF), the UN, and the International Telecommunication Union (ITU).
Champion American Values
… America’s core principles, enshrined in the Declaration of Independence, are secured by the Bill of Rights, which proclaims our respect for fundamental individual liberties beginning with the freedoms of religion, speech, the press, and assembly. Liberty, free enterprise, equal justice under the law, and the dignity of every human life are central to who we are as a people. …
… We support, with our words and actions, those who live under oppressive regimes and who seek freedom, individual dignity, and the rule of law. We are under no obligation to offer the benefits of our free and prosperous community to repressive regimes and human rights abusers. We may use diplomacy, sanctions, and other tools to isolate states and leaders who threaten our interests and whose actions run contrary to our values. …

pp.45-53 THE STRATEGY IN A REGIONAL CONTEXT
Indo-Pacific
… Although the United States seeks to continue to cooperate with China… Its efforts to build and militarize outposts in the South China Sea endanger the free flow of trade, threaten the sovereignty of other nations, and undermine regional stability. China has mounted a rapid military modernization campaign designed to limit U.S. access to the region…
… Our alliance and friendship with South Korea, forged by the trials of history, is stronger than ever. We welcome and support the strong leadership role of our critical ally, Japan. Australia has fought alongside us in every significant conflict since World War I… New Zealand is a key U.S. partner contributing to peace and security across the region. We welcome India’s emergence as a leading global power and stronger strategic and defense partner. We will seek to increase quadrilateral cooperation with Japan, Australia, and India.
In Southeast Asia, the Philippines and Thailand remain important allies and markets for Americans. Vietnam, Indonesia, Malaysia, and Singapore are growing security and economic partners of the United States. …
… We will work with allies and partners to achieve complete, verifiable, and irreversible denuclearization on the Korean Peninsula and preserve the non-proliferation regime in Northeast Asia.
…we will cooperate on missile defense with Japan and South Korea to move toward an area defense capability. We remain ready to respond with overwhelming force to North Korean aggression and will improve options to compel denuclearization of the peninsula. We will improve law enforcement, defense, and intelligence cooperation with Southeast Asian partners to address the growing terrorist threat. We will maintain our strong ties with Taiwan in accordance with our “One China” policy…
Europe
… Russia is using subversive measures to weaken the credibility of America’s commitment to Europe, undermine transatlantic unity, and weaken European institutions and governments. With its invasions of Georgia and Ukraine…
China is gaining a strategic foothold in Europe by expanding its unfair trade practices and investing in key industries, sensitive technologies, and infrastructure. Europe also faces immediate threats from violent Islamist extremists. Attacks by ISIS and other jihadist…
… We will encourage European foreign direct investment in the United States to create jobs. We will work with our allies and partners to diversify European energy sources to ensure the energy security of European countries. We will work with our partners to contest China’s unfair trade and economic practices and restrict its acquisition of sensitive technologies.
… We expect our European allies to increase defense spending to 2 percent of gross domestic product by 2024, with 20 percent of this spending devoted to increasing military capabilities. …
Middle East
… For generations the conflict between Israel and the Palestinians has been understood as the prime irritant preventing peace and prosperity in the region. Today, the threats from jihadist terrorist organizations and the threat from Iran are creating the realization that Israel is not the cause of the region’s problems. States have increasingly found common interests with Israel in confronting common threats. …
… We remain committed to helping our partners achieve a stable and prosperous region, including through a strong and integrated Gulf Cooperation Council. We will strengthen our long-term strategic partnership with Iraq as an independent state. We will seek a settlement to the Syrian civil war that sets the conditions for refugees to return home and rebuild their lives in safety. … We remain committed to helping facilitate a comprehensive peace agreement that is acceptable to both Israelis and Palestinians. …
South and Central Asia
… We will help South Asian nations maintain their sovereign as China increases its influence in the region. …
Western Hemisphere
Stable, friendly, and prosperous states in the Western Hemisphere enhance our security and benefit our economy. Democratic states connected by shared values and economic interests will reduce the violence, drug trafficking, and illegal immigration that threaten our common security…
… Transnational criminal organizations—including gangs and cartels—perpetuate violence and corruption, and threaten the stability of Central American states including Guatemala, Honduras, and El Salvador. In Venezuela and Cuba, governments cling to anachronistic leftist authoritarian models that continue to fail their people. Competitors have found operating space in the hemisphere.
China seeks to pull the region into its orbit through state-led investments and loans. Russia continues its failed politics of the Cold War by bolstering its radical Cuban allies as Cuba continues to repress its citizens. Both China and Russia support the dictatorship in Venezuela and are seeking to expand military linkages and arms sales across the region. …
Africa
… China is expanding its economic and military presence in Africa, growing from a small investor in the continent two decades ago into Africa’s largest trading partner today. Some Chinese practices undermine Africa’s long-term development by corrupting elites, dominating extractive industries, and locking countries into unsustainable and opaque debts and commitments. …
… We will offer American goods and services, both because it is profitable for us and because it serves as an alternative to China’s often extractive economic footprint on the continent. …

p.55 CONCLUSION
… It is realist because it acknowledges the central role of power in international politics, affirms that sovereign states are the best hope for a peaceful world, and clearly defines our national interests. It is principled because it is grounded in the knowledge that advancing American principles spreads peace and prosperity around the globe. We are guided by our values and disciplined by our interests. …


US Policy Changes Vol.67 (US law professors Vol.3)

Here is a part of U.S. law schools’ recent tweets on legal and political issues in which their professors are featured, quoted, et al. (mainly those in November 2017). Great stuff!
[We don’t have affiliations with these schools or professors.]


https://twitter.com/PennLaw/status/930062946159521796
https://twitter.com/PennLaw/status/929508794933088258
https://twitter.com/PennLaw/status/929195732221022208
https://twitter.com/PennLaw/status/928631766050656256
https://twitter.com/PennLaw/status/928280695633514497


UK Vol.98 (Scotland Vol.22 – North Eastern)

Scotland1Scotland2
Scotland-NorthEast1Scotland-NorthEast2

Aberdeen City
Scotland-AberdeenCity1Scotland-AberdeenCity2


Aberdeen, Scotland, UK | @Britannica
Aberdeen’s Economy | @AberdeenCC
@RobertGordonUni Research
@aberdeenuni Research
The Aberdeen Centre for Research in Energy Economics and Finance (ACREEF)
@UoAEnergy
@Energy_Cities
University of Aberdeen guide (22/06/2016) | @telegraph
University of Aberdeen (YouTube)
Aberdeen Renewable Energy Group (AREG) @AberdeenCC
@AberdeenEIP
Aberdeen Community Energy (Hydro)
Hydrogen Bus Project – Aberdeen City Hydrogen Energy Storage (ACHES)…
@Subsea7Official Key Differentiators
@Helix_ESG
KCA Deutag
@WoodGroup
Subsea Power Hub | @EC_OG
@aberdeenuni Institute of Medical Sciences
@rowett_abdn
@AberdeenSci
@AECC_Aberdeen
@AbdnInspired
@ABDNComedyFest
@celebrateabdn
Aberdeen is the happiest place in Scotland… and that’s no joke (24/11/2012) | @guardian
Scotland History, Language and Culture | @WTGTravelGuide
@ABZ_Airport

cf. UK Vol.13 (Scotland Vol.4 – Aberdeenshire economy)
@AGCCresearch
Aberdeen Recycle and Energy @AberdeenCC
@EIAberdeen
@DecomNorthSea
@NHSGrampian
Tourism soars in Aberdeen and Inverness (06/09/2014) | @pressjournal
@visitabdn
Scottish Parliament Economy, Energy and Tourism Committee: Inquiry into Scotland’s Economic Future Post-2014 (PDF) | @ScotChambers,@chambertalk


Canada Vol.37 (Northwest Territories #NWT)


Ohio Vol.3


https://twitter.com/OhioState/status/892169298592104450


Australia Vol.14


https://twitter.com/canzuk/status/886323786424954884


https://twitter.com/Shell/status/881783695480430592