World Vol.6


UK Vol.148 (think tanks)

https://twitter.com/NEF/status/1156899125197099008
https://twitter.com/NEF/status/1156565179670253571
https://twitter.com/NEF/status/1156499064927789056
https://twitter.com/NEF/status/1156149938746793984
https://twitter.com/NEF/status/1156134839197634560
https://twitter.com/NEF/status/1155810199959195650
https://twitter.com/NEF/status/1155786749441990656
https://twitter.com/NEF/status/1155784079100563461
https://twitter.com/NEF/status/1155502673627471873
https://twitter.com/NEF/status/1155098007081062400
https://twitter.com/NEF/status/1155096497198968834
https://twitter.com/NEF/status/1154377615723180032
https://twitter.com/NEF/status/1154376902179741696
https://twitter.com/NEF/status/1154374326575149057
https://twitter.com/NEF/status/1154347555934953473
https://twitter.com/NEF/status/1154317088200306688
https://twitter.com/NEF/status/1154028461402525698
https://twitter.com/NEF/status/1153982817044488192
https://twitter.com/NEF/status/1153962791981727749
https://twitter.com/NEF/status/1153681172758708232
https://twitter.com/NEF/status/1152239169453748224
https://twitter.com/NEF/status/1152209025372688384


https://twitter.com/NEF/status/1151804052713459713


https://twitter.com/NEF/status/1151472568936914946
https://twitter.com/NEF/status/1151432875721580546
https://twitter.com/NEF/status/1151432781957873664
https://twitter.com/NEF/status/1151076508783521793
https://twitter.com/NEF/status/1151056753532055552


https://twitter.com/Cmmonwealth/status/1156586679312011272


https://twitter.com/SurvivalEditors/status/1151846079836692480UK


New Zealand Vol.16 (including University of Canterbury, University of Waikato, Lincoln University, Massey University)


https://twitter.com/UCNZscience/status/1144808248219852800


https://twitter.com/waikato/status/1101215110142427136


https://twitter.com/MFATgovtNZ/status/1129191224261267457


https://twitter.com/PureNewZealand/status/991120277416198144
https://twitter.com/MFATgovtNZ/status/1019718113405751296
https://twitter.com/MFATgovtNZ/status/986350756520312832


https://twitter.com/EU_Commission/status/1023879206265077760


https://twitter.com/DanielJHannan/status/1033654052436017152


https://twitter.com/tradegovuk/status/999351775634305027


https://twitter.com/usembassynz/status/1034656837801369600


https://twitter.com/RFStew/status/955611837554282497


https://twitter.com/MFATgovtNZ/status/1082015700229738496


Free papers, reports, et al. Vol.50 (paper.li February – June 2019)


The New Zealand Orator – June 29, 2019
Agribusiness Media – May 3, 2019


South Carolina Vol.4 (corporations)


https://twitter.com/LexMedCtr/status/1127540429296164864


Pinned tweets, etc.

For the United States, you can search by putting each state’s name or “US Policy Changes” into the search box.

For European Union, you can check out
http://worldsolutions.work/tag/eu/ .

For Brexit, the United Kingdom, Ireland, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, etc., you can search by putting each of these words into the search box, or check out categories and tags.


Australia Vol.16 / Meat Vol.2

Australia's food and nutrition 2012: in brief (full publication;Australia2 beef-exportsAustralia2' beef export 2017Australia2'' beef carcass Asia exportAustralia3 beef production states 2017Australia4 sheep-population 2011Australia4' lamb exports
https://twitter.com/LambandBeef/status/1102131855971831808
https://twitter.com/LambandBeef/status/1103258883664023552


https://twitter.com/HumeBrophy/status/1011998745507123200


https://twitter.com/AusAmbPoland/status/1016681602972188673


https://twitter.com/dfat/status/1080294113126297600


https://twitter.com/girlscangrill/status/879722199896080384


https://twitter.com/MorrisMktgGroup/status/985148216915226624
https://twitter.com/dfat/status/991942971770761216


https://twitter.com/FoodDrinkEU/status/1010184388229959681


https://twitter.com/MLAEurope/status/1103671787072733184


Wine Vol.1

Wine1 export-countries 2017Wine2 Production_CountryWine3 countries_drink_mostWine4 trade_us_europeWine5 Import country 2013Wine6 produce US_states 2014
https://twitter.com/RealWineGuru/status/1101872630934761472


https://twitter.com/ManettiVino/status/1053668925614030848

https://twitter.com/RealWineGuru/status/1081606329612070912


https://twitter.com/RealWineGuru/status/1101904371560996864
https://twitter.com/RealWineGuru/status/1101264111063703554

https://twitter.com/RealWineGuru/status/1093540980362526720


https://twitter.com/_muffinqueen/status/1061558588978683905

https://twitter.com/EU_Eurostat/status/1061963415852343299


https://twitter.com/RealWineGuru/status/991284791394885633


https://twitter.com/ItalyinUS/status/1005140606589505538


https://twitter.com/RealWineGuru/status/941626921611247616


Seafood Vol.1 (Tuna, Salmon, Trout, Shrimp)

Seafood7 European aquacultureSeafood3 TunaSeafood6 Germany tuna market sharesSeafood4 Tuna Atrantic areasSeafood1 Salmon AquacultureSeafood8 salmon-catching-nationsSeafood2 Salmon Chile Export 2012
https://twitter.com/AP2HI_/status/1101291617091088384


https://twitter.com/Wendywoo_g/status/1091627439367823360


https://twitter.com/FAOclimate/status/1092726447259701248
Seafood5 Tuna


https://twitter.com/SeafoodWatch/status/1081691294823415808


https://twitter.com/gbchefs/status/1001192888871653381
https://twitter.com/gbchefs/status/1087742686864596994


https://twitter.com/dtaylor5633/status/884041578943307776
https://twitter.com/Scotland/status/1036630065814089729

https://twitter.com/wahinertraveler/status/1101213409385824256


https://twitter.com/TheDishOnOz/status/1100805432342441986


Meat Vol.1 (Beef Vol.1)

Beef1 meat importsBeef2 Exports Ranking CountriesBeef3 EU exportsBeef4 EU importsBeef5 Japan importsBeef6 Korea importsBeef7 southeast-asia importsBeef8 China imports


https://twitter.com/Georgemorethan/status/1099782605535363072


https://twitter.com/anchormarket/status/1101214940596191232
https://twitter.com/FlorSpecht_/status/1098965610971742208

https://twitter.com/HelloFreshUK/status/1093127783126089728


https://twitter.com/theoasisnails/status/1100800284341743619


https://twitter.com/NeilSarap/status/1074195281959378945


https://twitter.com/ChefLarryEdward/status/991901517983633413


https://twitter.com/USDAForeignAg/status/996055227978665985


https://twitter.com/HelloFreshCA/status/1101633248751427585
https://twitter.com/FoodNetworkCA/status/1100123354625921026

https://twitter.com/BrainVote/status/970741147172851713


Dairy Vol.1 (Cheese Vol.1)

Cheese1 European makers exportsCheese2 European countries consumptionCheese3 World ExportsCheese4 NZ exports 2015Cheese5 US Exports 2011Cheese6 Australia ExportsCheese7 2017-dairy-market-share-exports-by-volumeCheese8 European dairy exports
https://twitter.com/InsiderFood/status/1100719696066809857


https://twitter.com/InsiderFood/status/1097835692460253184


https://twitter.com/AsiagoCheeseUSA/status/1085927100912201729
https://twitter.com/simplymaderecip/status/1100790817445294080


https://twitter.com/TasteTrue/status/1045694942079844357


https://twitter.com/TasteAtlas/status/1093947513277681664

https://twitter.com/NLintheUSA/status/863420534180204544
https://twitter.com/SwissEmbassyUSA/status/1099675571490078721


https://twitter.com/SayersTessa/status/1055520847572750336


https://twitter.com/cauthe2020/status/1100875561893650432

https://twitter.com/TravelWI/status/1095487720292528129


https://twitter.com/culturecheese/status/1025119192146759680
https://twitter.com/culturecheese/status/975898485999448068


https://twitter.com/Google/status/955544320202780672


Germany Vol.13 (Chemical – BASF)


https://twitter.com/ESA_euroseeds/status/1092694817220497409


Texas Vol.10 (corporations)

Texas9 cities-county-towns


https://twitter.com/essilorusa/status/994623244270538752


https://twitter.com/Essilor/status/1070022931978313729


https://twitter.com/tsanders927/status/1073243065329037312
https://twitter.com/PGATOUR/status/1071028640031367170


Trans-Pacific Partnership #TPP Vol.3 (Miscellaneous)

TPP: What is it and why does it matter? (23/01/2018) | @BBC


https://twitter.com/megareg_iilj/status/966124209805066241
https://twitter.com/AustraliaInJPN/status/976730290113712128


https://twitter.com/ChileMFA/status/971767287761068032


https://twitter.com/ChileMFA/status/971499987958947841
https://twitter.com/Minrel_Chile/status/971880873363681280


Free Trade vs. Fair Trade: Ideology vs. Reality (01/25/2017) | Peter Augsten
Negotiations for a Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement | William Krist (w Kent Hughes) @WilsonCenter
The Economic Impact of the Trans-Pacific Partnership: What Have We Learned from CGE Simulation? (PDF) | John Gilbert, Taiji Furusawa, Robert Scollay
Trans-Pacific Partnership: a TiPPing point for global trade? (PDF; 11/24/2015) | @eulerhermes
UNDERSTANDING THE REGIONAL COMPREHENSIVE ECONOMIC PARTNERSHIP AND THE TRANS- PACIFIC PARTNERSHIP: AN ASEAN PERSPECTIVE (PDF) | Sanchita Basu Das @BrookingsInst
Mega-Regional Trade Deals in the Asia-Pacific: Choosing Between the TPP and RCEP? (PDF; 2015) | JEFFREY D. WILSON @EconUUtah


New Zealand Vol.15 / Trans-Pacific Partnership #TPP Vol.1

Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement (TPP) | @MFATgovtNZ
Comprehensive & Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership | @NZTEnews
CPTPP vs TPP | @MFATgovtNZ
Trans-Pacific Partnership | @MFATgovtNZ
INVESTMENT AND ISDS (PDF) | @MFATgovtNZ
OVERVIEW (PDF) | @MFATgovtNZ
How the Trans Pacific Partnership Agreement could undermine PHARMAC and threaten access to affordable medicines and health equity in New Zealand (PDF; July 2013) | Deborah Gleesona, Ruth Lopert, Papaarangi Reid


https://twitter.com/birdofthedecade/status/968441557975093248


US Policy Changes Vol.82 (Asia Vol.2)

Great stuff!

Can China Back Down? Crisis De-escalation in the Shadow of Popular Opposition (w PDF; Winter 2017/18) | Kai Quek, Alastair Iain Johnston @BelferCenter
The autocrat’s Achilles’ heel (02/05/2018) | Alina Polyakova and Torrey Taussig
One Kim to rule them all (02/18/2018) | Nicholas Eberstadt @AEI
THE EDUCATION OF KIM JONG-UN (February 2018) | JUNG H. PAK @BrookingsInst
US Approach to Russia in New Nuclear Posture Review Risks Boosting Chances of Conflict (02/02/2018) | Jon Wolfsthal @russia_matters


Ex-CIA analysts explain why a bloody nose policy on North Korea would backfire (02/12/2018) | Jung H. Pak, Sue Mi Terry, and Bruce Klingner @BrookingsInst


US Policy Changes Vol.74 (National Security Strategy)

The below excerpt of National Security Strategy of the United States of America DECEMBER 2017 (PDF) is on our own.

The American people elected me to make America great again. …
During my first year in office, you have witnessed my America First foreign policy in action. …
The United States faces an extraordinarily dangerous world, filled with a wide range of threats that have intensified in recent years. …
We are rallying the world against the rogue regime in North Korea and confronting the danger posed by the dictatorship in Iran, which those determined to pursue a flawed nuclear deal had neglected. …
At home, we have restored confidence in America’s purpose. …
The whole world is lifted by America’s renewal and the reemergence of American leadership. …

pp.1-4 INTRODUCTION
… Putting America first is the duty of our government and the foundation for U.S. leadership in the world.
A strong America is in the vital interests of not only the American people, but also those around the world who want to partner with the United States in pursuit of shared interests, values, and aspirations.
… Liberty and independence have given us the flourishing society Americans enjoy today-a vibrant and confident Nation, welcoming of disagreement and differences, but united by the bonds of history, culture, beliefs, and principles that define who we are.
… American political, business, and military leaders worked together with their counterparts in Europe and Asia to shape the post-war order through the United Nations, the Marshall Plan, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), and other institutions designed to advance our shared interests of security, freedom, and peace. …
A Competitive World
… China and Russia challenge American power, influence, and interests, attempting to erode American security and prosperity. …
…jihadist terrorists such as ISIS and al-Qa’ida continue to spread a barbaric ideology that calls for the violent destruction of governments and innocents they consider to be apostates. …
… North Korea-a country that starves its own people-has spent hundreds of millions of dollars on nuclear, chemical, and biological weapons that could threaten our homeland. …
An America First National Security Strategy
First, our fundamental responsibility is to protect the American people, the homeland, and the American way of life.
Second, we will promote American prosperity. …
Third, we will preserve peace through strength by rebuilding our military so that it remains preeminent, deters our adversaries, and if necessary, is able to fight and win. …
Fourth, we will advance American influence because a world that supports American interests and reflects our values makes America more secure and prosperous. …

pp.7-14 PILLAR I: PROTECT THE AMERICAN PEOPLE, THE HOMELAND, AND THE AMERICAN WAY OF LIFE (“July 2017”)
… North Korea seeks the capability to kill millions of Americans with nuclear weapons. … Non-state actors undermine social order through drug and human trafficking networks…
Secure U.S. Borders and Territory
Defend Against Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD)
…deploying a layered missile defense system focused on North Korea and Iran to defend… Enhanced missile defense is not intended to undermine strategic stability or disrupt longstanding strategic relationships with Russia or China. …
Combat Biothreats and Pandemics
Strengthen Border Control and Immigration Policy
Pursue Threats to Their Source
Defeat Jihadist Terrorists
Dismantle Transnational Criminal Organizations
Keep America Safe in the Cyber Era
…assess risk across six key areas: national security, energy and power, banking and finance, health and safety, communications, and transportation. …
Promote American Resilience

pp.17-23 PILLAR II: PROMOTE AMERICAN PROSPERITY (“November 2017”)
… Working with our allies and partners, the United States led the creation of a group of financial institutions and other economic forums that established equitable rules and built instruments to stabilize the international economy and remove the points of friction that had contributed to two world wars. …
… Experience shows that these countries distorted and undermined key economic institutions without undertaking significant reform of their economies or politics. They espouse free trade rhetoric and exploit its benefits, but only adhere selectively to the rules and agreements. …
Rejuvenate the Domestic Economy
… Departments and agencies will eliminate unnecessary regulations that stifle growth, drive up costs for American businesses, impede research and development, discourage hiring, and incentivize domestic businesses to move overseas. …
… Federal, state, and local governments will work together with private industry to improve our airports, seaports and waterways, roads and railways, transit systems, and telecommunications. …
Promote Free, Fair, and Reciprocal Economic Relationships
…will pursue bilateral trade and investment agreements with countries that commit to fair and reciprocal trade and will modernize existing agreements to ensure they are consistent with those principles. …
Lead in Research, Technology, Invention, and Innovation
… The Department of Defense and other agencies will establish strategic partnerships with U.S. companies to help align private sector R&D resources to priority national security applications. …
Promote and Protect the U.S. National Security Innovation Base
…will reduce the illicit appropriation of U.S. public and private sector technology and technical knowledge by hostile foreign competitors. …
…will review visa procedures to reduce economic theft by non-traditional intelligence collectors. …
Embrace Energy Dominance
…will streamline the Federal regulatory approval processes for energy infrastructure, from pipeline and export terminals to container shipments and gathering lines, while also ensuring responsible environmental stewardship.

pp.25-35 PILLAR III: PRESERVE PEACE THROUGH STRENGTH (“DECEMBER 2017”)
… Three main sets of challengers-the revisionist powers of China and Russia, the rogue states of Iran and North Korea, and transnational threat organizations, particularly jihadist terrorist groups-are actively competing against the United States and our allies and partners. …
… China and Russia want to shape a world antithetical to U.S. values and interests. China seeks to displace the United States in the Indo-Pacific region, expand the reaches of its state-driven economic model, and reorder the region in its favor. Russia seeks to restore its great power status and establish spheres of influence near its borders. The intentions of both nations are not necessarily fixed. …
For decades, U.S. policy was rooted in the belief that support for China’s rise and for its integration into the post-war international order would liberalize China. Contrary to our hopes, China expanded its power at the expense of the sovereignty of others. China gathers and exploits data on an unrivaled scale and spreads features of its authoritarian system, including corruption and the use of surveillance. It is building the most capable and well-funded military in the world, after our own. Its nuclear arsenal is growing and diversifying. Part of China’s military modernization and economic expansion is due to its access to the U.S. innovation economy, including America’s world-class universities.
Russia aims to weaken U.S. influence in the world and divide us from our allies and partners. …
Renew America’s Competitive Advantages
Renew Capabilities
Military
Defense Industrial Base
…will work with industry partners to strengthen U.S. competitiveness in key technologies and manufacturing capabilities. …
Nuclear Forces
Space
… America’s newly re-established National Space Council, chaired by the Vice President, will review America’s long-range space goals and develop a strategy that integrates all space sectors to support innovation and American leadership in space.
Cyberspace
Intelligence
… To prevent the theft of sensitive and proprietary information and maintain supply chain integrity, the United States must increase our understanding of the economic policy priorities of our adversaries and improve our ability to detect and defeat their attempts to commit economic espionage. …
Diplomacy and Statecraft
Competitive Diplomacy
… Diplomacy is indispensable to identify and implement solutions to conflicts in unstable regions of the world short of military involvement. It helps to galvanize allies for action and marshal the collective resources of like-minded nations and organizations to address shared problems. Authoritarian states are eager to replace the United States where the United States withdraws our diplomats and closes our outposts. …
… Diplomats must identify opportunities for commerce and cooperation, and facilitate the cultural, educational, and people-to-people exchanges that create the networks of current and future political, civil society, and educational leaders who will extend a free and prosperous world.
Tools of Economic Diplomacy
… Economic tools?including sanctions, anti-money-laundering and anti-corruption measures, and enforcement actions?can be important parts of broader strategies to deter, coerce, and constrain adversaries. …
Information Statecraft
… China, for example, combines data and the use of AI to rate the loyal of its citizens to the state and uses these ratings to determine jobs and more. Jihadist…
Russia uses information operations as part of its offensive cyber efforts to influence public opinion across the globe. …
… Local voices are most compelling and effective in ideological competitions. We must amplify credible voices and partner with them to advance alternatives to violent and hateful messages. …

pp.37-42 PILLAR IV: ADVANCE AMERICAN INFLUENCE (“JULY 2017″)
… During the Cold War, a totalitarian threat from the Soviet Union motivated the free world to create coalitions in defense of liberty. Today’s challenges to free societies are just as serious, but more diverse. …
… The United States offers partnership to those who share our aspirations for freedom and prosperity. We lead by example. “The world has its eye upon America,” Alexander Hamilton once observed. “The noble struggle we have made in the cause of liberty, has occasioned a kind of revolution in human sentiment. …
Encourage Aspiring Partners
… China and Russia target their investments in the developing world to expand influence and gain competitive advantages against the United States. China is investing billions of dollars in infrastructure across the globe. Russia, too, projects its influence economically, through the control of key energy and other infrastructure throughout parts of Europe and Central Asia. …
… The United States will promote a development model that partners with countries that want progress, consistent with their culture, based on free market principles, fair and reciprocal trade, private sector activity, and rule of law. The United States will shift away from a reliance on assistance based on grants to approaches that attract private capital and catalyze private sector activity. …
Achieve Better Outcomes in Multilateral Forums
… Authoritarian actors have long recognized the power of multilateral bodies and have used them to advance their interests and limit the freedom of their own citizens. If the United States cedes leadership of these bodies to adversaries, opportunities to shape developments that are positive for the United States will be lost. All institutions are not equal, however. …
… The United Nations can help contribute to solving many of the complex problems in the world, but it must be reformed and recommit to its founding principles. We will require accountability and emphasize shared responsibility among members. If the United States is asked to provide a disproportionate level of support for an institution, we will expect a commensurate degree of influence over the direction and efforts of that institution. …
…  The United States will promote the free flow of data and protect its interests through active engagement in key organizations, such as the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN), the Internet Governance Forum (IGF), the UN, and the International Telecommunication Union (ITU).
Champion American Values
… America’s core principles, enshrined in the Declaration of Independence, are secured by the Bill of Rights, which proclaims our respect for fundamental individual liberties beginning with the freedoms of religion, speech, the press, and assembly. Liberty, free enterprise, equal justice under the law, and the dignity of every human life are central to who we are as a people. …
… We support, with our words and actions, those who live under oppressive regimes and who seek freedom, individual dignity, and the rule of law. We are under no obligation to offer the benefits of our free and prosperous community to repressive regimes and human rights abusers. We may use diplomacy, sanctions, and other tools to isolate states and leaders who threaten our interests and whose actions run contrary to our values. …

pp.45-53 THE STRATEGY IN A REGIONAL CONTEXT
Indo-Pacific
… Although the United States seeks to continue to cooperate with China… Its efforts to build and militarize outposts in the South China Sea endanger the free flow of trade, threaten the sovereignty of other nations, and undermine regional stability. China has mounted a rapid military modernization campaign designed to limit U.S. access to the region…
… Our alliance and friendship with South Korea, forged by the trials of history, is stronger than ever. We welcome and support the strong leadership role of our critical ally, Japan. Australia has fought alongside us in every significant conflict since World War I… New Zealand is a key U.S. partner contributing to peace and security across the region. We welcome India’s emergence as a leading global power and stronger strategic and defense partner. We will seek to increase quadrilateral cooperation with Japan, Australia, and India.
In Southeast Asia, the Philippines and Thailand remain important allies and markets for Americans. Vietnam, Indonesia, Malaysia, and Singapore are growing security and economic partners of the United States. …
… We will work with allies and partners to achieve complete, verifiable, and irreversible denuclearization on the Korean Peninsula and preserve the non-proliferation regime in Northeast Asia.
…we will cooperate on missile defense with Japan and South Korea to move toward an area defense capability. We remain ready to respond with overwhelming force to North Korean aggression and will improve options to compel denuclearization of the peninsula. We will improve law enforcement, defense, and intelligence cooperation with Southeast Asian partners to address the growing terrorist threat. We will maintain our strong ties with Taiwan in accordance with our “One China” policy…
Europe
… Russia is using subversive measures to weaken the credibility of America’s commitment to Europe, undermine transatlantic unity, and weaken European institutions and governments. With its invasions of Georgia and Ukraine…
China is gaining a strategic foothold in Europe by expanding its unfair trade practices and investing in key industries, sensitive technologies, and infrastructure. Europe also faces immediate threats from violent Islamist extremists. Attacks by ISIS and other jihadist…
… We will encourage European foreign direct investment in the United States to create jobs. We will work with our allies and partners to diversify European energy sources to ensure the energy security of European countries. We will work with our partners to contest China’s unfair trade and economic practices and restrict its acquisition of sensitive technologies.
… We expect our European allies to increase defense spending to 2 percent of gross domestic product by 2024, with 20 percent of this spending devoted to increasing military capabilities. …
Middle East
… For generations the conflict between Israel and the Palestinians has been understood as the prime irritant preventing peace and prosperity in the region. Today, the threats from jihadist terrorist organizations and the threat from Iran are creating the realization that Israel is not the cause of the region’s problems. States have increasingly found common interests with Israel in confronting common threats. …
… We remain committed to helping our partners achieve a stable and prosperous region, including through a strong and integrated Gulf Cooperation Council. We will strengthen our long-term strategic partnership with Iraq as an independent state. We will seek a settlement to the Syrian civil war that sets the conditions for refugees to return home and rebuild their lives in safety. … We remain committed to helping facilitate a comprehensive peace agreement that is acceptable to both Israelis and Palestinians. …
South and Central Asia
… We will help South Asian nations maintain their sovereign as China increases its influence in the region. …
Western Hemisphere
Stable, friendly, and prosperous states in the Western Hemisphere enhance our security and benefit our economy. Democratic states connected by shared values and economic interests will reduce the violence, drug trafficking, and illegal immigration that threaten our common security…
… Transnational criminal organizations—including gangs and cartels—perpetuate violence and corruption, and threaten the stability of Central American states including Guatemala, Honduras, and El Salvador. In Venezuela and Cuba, governments cling to anachronistic leftist authoritarian models that continue to fail their people. Competitors have found operating space in the hemisphere.
China seeks to pull the region into its orbit through state-led investments and loans. Russia continues its failed politics of the Cold War by bolstering its radical Cuban allies as Cuba continues to repress its citizens. Both China and Russia support the dictatorship in Venezuela and are seeking to expand military linkages and arms sales across the region. …
Africa
… China is expanding its economic and military presence in Africa, growing from a small investor in the continent two decades ago into Africa’s largest trading partner today. Some Chinese practices undermine Africa’s long-term development by corrupting elites, dominating extractive industries, and locking countries into unsustainable and opaque debts and commitments. …
… We will offer American goods and services, both because it is profitable for us and because it serves as an alternative to China’s often extractive economic footprint on the continent. …

p.55 CONCLUSION
… It is realist because it acknowledges the central role of power in international politics, affirms that sovereign states are the best hope for a peaceful world, and clearly defines our national interests. It is principled because it is grounded in the knowledge that advancing American principles spreads peace and prosperity around the globe. We are guided by our values and disciplined by our interests. …


Free papers, reports, et al. Vol.25

Here are tweets of great stuff retweeted by @_WorldSolutions.


New Zealand Vol.14 (Ardern administration)

Here are tweets on the new administration, et al. Excerpts are on our own.


https://twitter.com/HelenClarkNZ/status/923148024729260033


Ministerial List for Announcement (for appointment on 26 October 2017) [PDF]


… Last Thursday’s announcement by Winston Peters heralded a new government: a formal coalition between Labour and New Zealand First, supported on confidence-and-supply by the Green Party. …
Ministers outside Cabinet are members of Cabinet committees. Almost all matters for Cabinet are first deliberated in Cabinet committees, before going to Cabinet for ultimate decision. And sometimes Cabinet will also delegate the power to act directly to a Cabinet committee.
Ministers outside Cabinet also regularly attend Cabinet itself for matters relevant to their portfolios. Strictly speaking, ministers outside Cabinet (and parliamentary under-secretaries too) only attend Cabinet at the prerogative of Prime Ministers. But the practice has been that ministers outside Cabinet routinely attend when their matters are up for Cabinet decision, as well as sometimes for other matters of interest to their portfolios.
Thus, the designation of minister outside Cabinet is a bit of smoke and mirrors, perhaps even a misnomer. …
… New Zealand First ministers will not be free to switch hats in order criticise the government outside their portfolios. In other words, dissent is expected to be rare and negotiated on a case-by-case basis. …
… Green Party ministers will only be bound to support decisions within their respective portfolios, as well as being obliged to vote for matters that raise matters of confidence-and-supply. … Green Party ministers will have more freedom to express their distinctive views and won’t be as tightly bound to publicly back Cabinet decisions. …


New Zealand Vol.13 (Coalition)

Here are articles & tweets on the coalition, et al. Excerpts are on our own.

How the Labour-NZ First-Greens deal compares to previous coalitions (10/21/2017) | Andy Fyers @NZStuff

Who’s in, who’s out? Labour announces Cabinet, ministerial line up (20/10/2017) | @nzherald

Jacinda Ardern: ‘Capitalism has failed New Zealanders’ (10/22/2017) | @australian

Jacinda Ardern is New Zealand’s Next Prime Minister – Winston Peters swings to the Left, saying the country voted for change. (10/19/2017) | Tess McClure @VICE

Winston’s Choice: Jacinda Ardern poised to become prime minister (10/19/2017) | @robhosking @TheNBR

– Greens 8 MPs will support the Labour-NZF coalition on confidence and supply

– Mr Peters says finance minister is off the table


… Peter Thiel became a citizen of New Zealand, indulging in equal parts his Lord Of The Rings fantasies and bunker style apocalypticism… “New Zealand will grow in size…will quickly become the glory land, and ultimately become one of the safest areas in the entire world.”
The centre-left coalition government, led by Jacinda Ardern’s Labour Party, is torn between the past glories of social democracy and a geographical exceptionalism that indulges equal parts ahistoric romantic notions of New Zealand and dread. …
… John Key crafted a unique brand of Third Way Toryism that was relaxed on social issues and augmented its old money and farming base with the so-called “aspirational” middle class drunk on a mid-oughts style property boom. …
… yet it lacks a natural coalition partner. …
Labour’s approach was far more Trudeau than Corbyn, running a likeable personality, Gen Xer and talented candidate with talk of, “values,” and, “positivity,” with a mantra of “Let’s Do This!” There are certainly some policies that would make an American leftist ecstatic…
… Our largest city, Auckland, combines the low density housing of San Francisco, the sprawl of Los Angeles, and a lack of infrastructure and public transport. …
… The party insists this is not racist while also circulating real estate documents highlighting the “Chinese sounding names” of buyers and using Australia’s moral abomination of a migration model as a means to attack the National party government from the right. …
… In the shadow of Trump and the rising fascist right across Europe, Labour is spurning internationalism for a “left” politics that sees its job as portioning out a dwindling social surplus. Labour thinks they are clever here but their modest left politics cannot beat back the demons of nationalism or the darker vision of Thiel and the global super-rich…
… Peters is a skillful politician, economic nationalist, and populist capable of destabilizing the political calculus between National and Labour. … Like a lot of far-right wing political figures in the West, he is obsessed with central bank policy, having railed against monetarism and Chicago economics for as long as I can remember.
Labour’s failure to go even half-Corbyn may create political space for New Zealand First should Peters upstage Labour on the economy, effectively locking in Labour’s anti-immigrant gambit into a new consensus. …


WINNERS
Anyone with a car
Farmers
First Home Buyers
Humanity
The Greens
LOSERS
Existing Home Owners
Economy
All of us
ACT
Everybody who’s freaking out

Jacinda Ardern commits to 100-day plan, with one exception (20/10/2017) | Anna Bracewell-Worrall @NewshubNZ
… Ms Ardern wouldn’t confirm which of Labour’s priorities had changed during negotiations with NZ First and the Greens, but said the 100-day plan remains broadly the same. …
Labour’s first 100-days plan

– Pass the Healthy Homes Guarantee Bill, requiring all rentals to be warm and dry
– Ban overseas speculators from buying existing houses
– Issue an instruction to Housing New Zealand to stop the state house sell-off
– Begin work to establish the Affordable Housing Authority and begin the KiwiBuild programme
– Legislate to pass the Families Package, including the Winter Fuel Payment, Best Start and increases to Paid Parental Leave, to take effect from July 1, 2018

– Resume contributions to the New Zealand Superannuation Fund to help safeguard the provision of universal superannuation at age 65
– Introduce legislation to set a child poverty reduction target and to change the Public Finance Act, so the Budget reports progress on reducing child poverty
– Increase the minimum wage to $16.50 an hour, to take effect from April 1, 2018, and introduce legislation to improve fairness in the workplace

– Set the zero carbon emissions goal and begin setting up the independent Climate Commission

NZ First gets four posts in Cabinet and one undersecretary as Jacinda Ardern leads new coalition government (19/10/2017) | @1NewsNZ

New Zealand PM-elect Jacinda Ardern focuses on final touches of coalition deal (19/10/2017) | CHARLOTTE GREENFIELD @globeandmail

@jacindaardern

Jacinda Ardern | @guardian

#JacindaArdern | @GlblCtzn

https://twitter.com/waikato/status/921113337940779009

Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern: The world reacts (20/10/2017) | Matt Burrows @NewshubNZ

Jacinda Ardern, New Zealand’s Sudden Star, Gets Set to Govern (10/20/2017) | CHARLOTTE GRAHAM @nytimes

New Zealand Labour’s Jacinda Ardern To Be Next Prime Minister (19/10/2017) | Luke Cooper @HuffPostAU

Jacinda Ardern picks Labour, Greens, NZ First cabinet (10/20/2017) | @australian

Jacinda Ardern to become NZ prime minister following coalition announcement (10/19/2017) | Richard Shaw (@MasseyUni) @ConversationEDU

Meet Jacinda Ardern, 37, New Zealand’s Next Prime Minister (10/19/2017) | @laurelwamsley @npr

Meet NZ’s new Prime Minister: Jacinda Ardern clinches victory giving hope to progressives everywhere (10/18/2017) | smelly pirate @dailykos

New Zealand’s most powerful young woman is now Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern (10/19/2017) | @reuters @theheraldsun
… Those plans contrast with French President Macron’s announcement that he would look into opening migrant processing centres in Libya, to avoid a dangerous trip for asylum seekers across the Mediterranean Sea.
Canadian Prime Minister Trudeau, meanwhile, has positioned himself as an alternative figure to U.S. President Donald Trump by touting Canadian immigration as a success story. …
New Zealand’s annual net migration of 72,300 is at record levels in a country of just 4.7 million people, ahead of both Britain and the United States on a per capita basis. …
… “Our concern is that our immigration settings haven’t been dynamic enough to differentiate between the skills gap that might exist in regional New Zealand that doesn’t exist in Auckland,” …
Her conservative rival dismissed Ardern’s appeal as “stardust”, claiming she would squander the economic gains achieved under National. …

New Zealand just elected its youngest prime minister in 150 years (20/10/2017) | Ashitha Nagesh @MetroUK

New Zealand prime minister Jacinda Ardern left Mormon church to support LGBT rights (22/10/2017) | Lydia Smith @independent


… Peters is 72 and not expected to contest the next election as leader, but he clearly wants the party he created in 1993 to outlast him. By hitching his team to a new government with a young leader, Peters clearly believes there will be a greater long-term electoral dividend than simply backing a fourth and likely final term for National. …


… New Zealand First leader Winston Peters split from the National party in 1993 to form his party in opposition to National’s neoliberal economics. …


https://twitter.com/NewsroomNZ/status/921262253428690945

New Zealand election: Jacinda Ardern’s campaign rollercoaster ride (24/09/2017) | Josh Bavas @radioaustralia
… Associate Professor Grant Duncan from Auckland’s Massey University said it was a well-seized opportunity. “She assured the New Zealand public that our relationship with Australia is a solid one and it’s never going to be questioned,” …
“I’m not willing to do politics as usual ? I do bring a different approach, I favour being able to collaborate where I can.” …

Have Recruiter Salaries Stagnated? (08/31/2017) | JONATHAN RICE @NZRice

Taking stock of Jacinda Ardern’s stocktake (08/02/2017) | Sam Sachdeva @NewsroomNZ

“I have no intention to be a career politician” – Jacinda Ardern (Voice; 02/08/2017) | @RadioNZLIVE


New Zealand Vol.12 (General Election 2017)

Here are articles & tweets on the election.

whole
ELECTORATE MAP | @TVONENZ

A better visual breakdown of the 2017 election results (09/24/2017) | Stephen Beban @TheSpinoffTV

2017 General Election – Preliminary Count | @ElectoralCommNZ
PROPORTION OF ELECTORATE SEATS TO LIST SEATS (PDF) | @ElectoralCommNZ

Election 2017: Results at a glance | @nzherald

Electorate profiles | @NZParliament
Electorates ( ) = Census Usually Resident Population Count 2013
Auckland Central (60,204)
AucklandCentral
Bay of Plenty (64,890)
BayofPlenty
Botany (63,540)
Botany
Christchurch Central (65,175)
ChristchurchCentral
Christchurch East (64,761)
ChristchurchEast
Clutha-Southland (65,448)
Clutha-Southland
Coromandel (65,865)
Coromandel
Dunedin North (62,034)
DunedinNorth
Dunedin South (60,828)
DunedinSouth
East Coast Bays (59,574)
EastCoastBays
East Coast (94,875)
EastCoast
Epsom (61,875)
Epsom
Hamilton East (71,157)
HamiltonEast
Hamilton West (70,992)
HamiltonWest
Helensville (60,312)
Helensville
Hunua (64,653)
Hunua
Hutt South (69,117)
HuttSouth';
Ilam (61,332)
Ilam
Invercargill (63,975)
Invercargill
Kaikōura (63,021)
Kaikōura
Kelston (63,096)
Kelston
Mana (69,162)
Mana
Māngere (66,018)
Māngere
Manukau East (64,929)
ManukauEast
Manurewa (72,618)
Manurewa
Maungakiekie (67,581)
Maungakiekie
Mt Albert (63,606)
mtAlbert
Mt Roskill (61,401)
mtRoskill
Napier (70,668)
Napier
Nelson (63,354)
Nelson
New Lynn (61,266)
NewLynn
New Plymouth (68,814)
NewPlymouth
North Shore (64,149)
NorthShore
Northcote (64,344)
Northcote
Northland (83,568)
Northland
Ōhāriu (60,186)
Ōhāriu
Ōtaki (64,044)
Ōtaki
Pakuranga (61,827)
Pakuranga
Palmerston North (66,558)
PalmerstonNorth
Papakura (73,359)
Papakura';
Port Hills (64,986)
PortHills
Rangitata (63,897)
Rangitata
Rangitīkei (68,523)
Rangitīkei
Rimutaka (69,159)
Rimutaka
Rodney (62,274)
Rodney';
Rongotai (63,459)
Rongotai
Rotorua (77,529)
Rotorua
Selwyn (59,232)
Selwyn
Tāmaki (59,850)
Tāmaki
Taranaki-King Country (67,542)
Taranaki-KingCountry
Taupō (74,565)
Taupō
Tauranga (63,870)
Tauranga
Te Atatū (67,890)
TeAtatū
Tukituki (73,407)
Tukituki';
Upper Harbour (66,162)
UpperHarbour
Waikato (73,833)
Waikato
Waimakariri (59,097)
Waimakariri
Wairarapa (67,005)
Wairarapa
Waitaki (64,671)
Waitaki
Wellington Central (62,940)
WellingtonCentral
West Coast-Tasman (62,385)
WestCoast-Tasman
Whanganui (72,243)
Whanganui
Whangarei (73,149)
Whangarei';
Wigram (60,207)
Wigram

Māori
Hauraki-Waikato (94,539)
Hauraki-Waikato
Ikaroa-Rāwhiti (85,299)
Ikaroa-Rāwhiti
Tāmaki Makaurau (89,160)
TāmakiMakaurau
Te Tai Hauāuru (97,788)
TeTaiHauāuru
Te Tai Tokerau (96,273)
TeTaiTokerau
Te Tai Tonga (122,298)
TeTaiTonga
Waiariki (83,361)
Waiariki


New Zealand Vol.11 (Hawke’s Bay, Gisborne, Bay of Plenty)

Hawke’s Bay


cf.
Hawke’s Bay TODAY | @nzherald
Heart of Hawke’s Bay – Hastings
Napier | @PureNewZealand


Gisborne


cf. Gisborne City


Bay of Plenty


cf.
Bay of Plenty Times | @nzherald
Bay of Plenty Tourism
Bay of Plenty Wine | @nzwine
Tauranga | @TgaCouncil
Rotorua | @rotoruaNZ
Whakatane | @Whakatastic


https://twitter.com/NZ_Avocado/status/864671037245370368


Australia Vol.13 (Victoria)

@DanielAndrewsMP
@VicGovernor
@VicGovAu
@VicGovtNews
@VictorianLabor
@liberalvictoria
@treasuryvic
@Global_Vic
@VicGovAg
@VicFarmers
@VicGovGrains
@VFFGrains
@vff_livestock
@VFF_UDV
@VicGovDJPR
Earth Resources | @VicGovDJPR
@RD_Vic
@businessvic
@vicchamber
@InvestVictoria
@consumervic
@Melbourne
@Writers_Vic
@biomelb
@Creative_Vic
@cityofmelbourne
@NGVMelbourne
@WhatsOnMelb
@TimeOutMel
@theheraldsun
@MelbWritersFest
@GreaterGeelong
@G21_Geelong
@GeelongChamber
@cityofballarat
@ballaratcourier
@GreaterBendigo
@unimelb
@MonashUni
@RMIT
@Deakin
@latrobe
@Swinburne
@VUPolytechnic
@FedUniAustralia
http://www.invest.vic.gov.au/en/why-melbourne/top-companies-call-melbourne-home
@Computershare
@ANZ_AU
@NAB
@RioTinto
@AustralianSuper
@amcorpackaging
@Telstra
@medibank
@OricaLimited
@Melair
TOURISM INDUSTRY RESOURCES | @DEDJTR  
Financial data sets | @TreasuryVic  
The Australian Economy and Financial Markets – Chart Pack (PDF; April 2017) | @RBAInfo
Priority industries and sectors: The Victorian Government is supporting industry sectors that will drive Victoria’s economic growth and jobs. | @VicGovDJPR
Victorian Economic Snapshot (w PDF) | Parliament of Victoria
State of Victoria, Australia – OECD Reviews of Higher Education in Regional and City Development (PDF)
Victoria: state economy and State Budget, 2016-17 (PDF) | Ai Group
Victorian economy at a glance | @InvestVictoria
The current and future state of Victoria: a spatial perspective – Advice to Infrastructure Victoria (PDF) | @SGSEcoandPlan
Victoria’s economic strength lies in healthy focus on building and construction policy (26/04/2018) | @mbavic
Victoria’s Booming Economy Leads The Way (29/01/2019) | @DanielAndrewsMP
Victoria – The Best Economy In The Nation (29/10/2018) | @DanielAndrewsMP
The current and future state of Victoria – A macro perspective: This Deloitte Access Economics report discusses the drivers of infrastructure demand for Victoria’s society, economy and environment. (PDF; 02/2016) | Deloitte
A $4 billion opportunity: Why Victoria’s (and Australia’s) economic future depends on startups (05/16/2018) | DANE STANGLER @SmartCompany
VICTORIA’S SOCIAL ECONOMY: SOCIAL OPPORTUNITY, ECONOMIC GROWTH (PDF; 09/2018) | @FutureSocialAU (@VCOSS,@RMIT)
Cultural and creative economy | @VicGovDJPR
Economic significance: Tourism’s contribution to Victoria’s economy (w PDFs) | @businessvic
Victoria: Retail trade | idcommunity
About the Industry | @RacingInsider
New report highlights greyhound racing’s economic contribution to Victoria’s economy | Greyhound Racing Victoria
Key Indicators | @cityofmelbourne
Victoria’s capabilities/ Why Melbourne?/ Victoria’s economy | @Global_Vic
Why Melbourne/ Strong economy | @InvestVictoria
Economic Contribution of Tourism to Melbourne 2015-16 (PDF) | @VicGovDJPR
Melbourne’s Retail And Hospitality Sectors Booming (07/04/2016) | Victoria Minister for Jobs, Innovation and Trade
The economic contribution of Melbourne’s foodbowl: A report for the Foodprint Melbourne project @unimelb (PDF; 07/2016) | Deloitte Access Economics
Economic Analyses of the Port of Melbourne – for Victoria Department of Treasury and Finance and Department of Infrastructure | PricewaterhouseCoopers


https://twitter.com/metrotunnelvic/status/1127782747353694208


https://twitter.com/FoxFM/status/1128272314338922497

cf. #AnzacDay   
The Anzac Centenary | @Anzac100Vic  
Gallipoli Oaks Project | @VicGovtNews  
Gallipoli: Six tales of valour and a missing Victoria Cross | @BBC  
Gallipoli | @AWMemorial  
Gallipoli and the Anzacs


ANZAC Day in New Zealand | @timeanddate  
The Gallipoli campaign: Page 1 – Introduction | New Zealand History  
Far more NZ troops at Gallipoli than first thought | @radionz


https://twitter.com/RyanKellyMusic/status/856652094144741376


Easter 2017

Here are articles on Easter. Excerpts are on our own.

The Economics Of Easter (4/12/2017) | Rutger Bloemenkarr @The_MarketMogul   … According to @NRFnews’s annual Easter Spending Survey, which surveyed 7411 American customers about their Easter Sunday plans at the beginning of March, the total amount that is expected to be spent in the US is $18.4bn in 2017, which is approximately $152 dollar a person. This is considered to be the highest amount in 14 years, up by about 6% compared to 2016. …consumers are expected to spend $5.8bn on food, $3.3bn on clothes, $2.9bn on gifts, $2.6bn on candy, $1.2bn on flowers, $1.1bn on decorations, and $788mn on greeting cards. … The majority of Americans, about 58% to precise, visit discount stores to purchase their gift of preference, while the remainder visit department stores (46%), local stores (26%), or online stores (27%). … Almost two out of three Americans (61%) will visit their family and/or friends for Easter, 57% will cook a holiday-oriented meal, a majority visit church (52%), and a small portion go to a restaurant (17%). Additionally, more than one-third of the consumers surveyed (35%) are expected to have a so-called Easter egg hunt. Lastly, 16%…  According to @smallbiztrends…

Easter in Canada | @dgreetings   … – Eggs are forbidden during Lent but after fasting they are consumed mixed with maple syrup. Also special Easter passion plays and songs are performed at the major theatres and community halls of the major cities of Canada.    – A typical Canadian Easter is characterized by its mouthwatering and sumptuous recipes of ‘Maple Baked Beans’, ‘Potatoes Nicoise’, ‘Cape Breton Scones’ and apple tart. Thus, Easter in Canada is an event worth enjoying for its wide festive activities.

The Easter Egg Hunt, the Economy and the New Game (6/4/2015) | @LearntSchool @HuffPostUK   … @charliehoehn,@FreeRangeHumans,@ajjuliani …

Britain to benefit from 1.8 per cent boost to economy this Easter:  BRITAIN’S economy will grow by 1.8 per cent this year according to upgraded forecasts from the EY ITEM Club, thanks to a recovery in global trade. (9/4/2017) | Geoff Ho @Daily_Express    Easter: Quarter of UK Christians do not believe in the resurrection of Jesus Christ, survey reveals (11/4/2017)     Irish business owners urged to be vigilant this Easter (13/4/2017) | Robert McHugh @BusinessWorldIE

Canberra’s experts divided over economics of Easter holidays (10/4/2017) | @DavidTuckwell3 @The_RiotACT   … According to @CBRBusiness, the territory’s top business lobby, the effect can be negative as public holidays mean penalty rates, and penalty rates mean unemployment. “Generally speaking, penalty rates on public holidays make businesses think staying open on a public holiday is just not viable,”… “Some businesses – particularly small businesses – look at their cost of operation compared to potential income and think it’s not commercially viable to open.” … “The problem with this entire penalty rates debate is the ‘fallacy of composition’,” says @MattGrudnoff, an economist at @TheAusInstitute, a left-leaning think tank based in Civic. … According to Professor Phil Lewis, an economist at @UniCanberra, there are both moral and economic considerations to keep in mind. “If you have a public holiday, employers who pay the award will be obliged to pay $45 an hour for a person on the lowest wage. …some businesses will stay open, especially family-owned businesses, as family members won’t demand penalty rate…

Retailers baffled by Easter trading laws (11/4/2017) | Matthew Theunissen @nzherald   … A recent law change gave local councils the authority to permit Easter Sunday trading and 25 mostly smaller councils have so far taken up the option. … Five councils have continued with the the ban while all major centres are yet to reach decisions. Shops which open in the restricted areas risk a prosecution and $1000 fine. … There are exemptions to the Easter trading laws, and some of them are quite unusual. Dunedin’s Carnegie Centre has an exemption to sell arts, crafts, children’s toys and books on Easter Sunday. “Toys and books sold only while performances happening on the mezzanine floor,”… In Nelson, crafts can be sold “whenever Founders Park is open”. @nelsoncitynz has been approached for clarification on whether this means any shop can sell crafts while the park is open, or only shops within the park. A clearer definition of “crafts” was also sought from the council. … Other exemptions include dairies, service stations, takeaways, bars, restaurants and cafes, duty-free stores and shops providing services rather than selling goods, such as a hairdresser. … The industry had fought hard to get the exemption and Odering could not understand why it didn’t include Friday, too. … Since 1992, Odering said the his business had paid in excess of $20,000 in fines, Department of Labour Fees and court costs because they had refused to shut shop over Easter. @RetailNZ spokesman… @MBIEgovtnz data shows that prosecutions for shops illegally opening over Easter steadily declined from 63 in 2006, to 34 in 2008, 28 in 2010, 25 in 2012, 0 in 2014 and 3 in 2016. …

Easter to bring a million foreign tourists to Netherlands (4/13/2017) | Janene Pieters   About 950 thousand foreign tourists will spend Easter weekend in the Netherlands, according to calculations by @NBTC. “It is expected to be very busy”, a spokesperson said to @NOS. “In comparison with last year, we expect 100 thousand more tourists.” Most foreign visitors come from Germany, about 600 thousand. And over 200 thousand Belgians are expected to visit this weekend. …increasing since 2009… Last year 15.8 million foreigners visited our country. This can partly be attributed to the recovering economy in Europe and America. And due to the weak euro, it is relatively cheap for non-euro countries to visit the Netherlands on holiday. The threat of terrorist attacks in European cities such as Paris and Brussels also…

Norwegian Easter Traditions   … In old times, people would climb mountains on Easter Sunday morn to watch the sunrise as they thought the sun danced with joy for the resurrection of Christ.  It is suggested that this could have started the Norwegian habit of ‘going up the mounatins’ at Easter time.  This day was also a day to predict the weather for the Summer.  If it was a good day then the Summer would be good too.  If there was frost the night before the Sunday then the Summer would come late.  For some reason, the Bunad is not worn during Easter. Easter Sunday breakfast is a grand affair.  Anything and everything is put on the table, cured meats and especially eggs – boiled, scrambled, fried, (and even fish eggs!), you name it.  The boiled eggs are often dyed or painted before eating.  Traditionally the Winter stores are low from the long Winter, so there is not much cooking or baking, especially compared to Christmas time.  However, egg dishes are in abundance, especially when there has been a lot of egg decorating with lots of leftover whites and yolks.  Pancakes are also a popular treat at Easter. … The Easter egg hunt is a common tradition around the world and in Norway children look for a brightly decorated paper eggshell filled with small lollies.  The eggs used to be real chicken eggs…

Easter | @denmarkdotdk   …most Danes regard Easter as a holiday. A national survey in 2000 showed that 48% of the Danes attached particular importance to the family spending time together during Easter and 37% regarded it as a holiday; only 10% mentioned ‘attending Church’ and ‘the Christian message’ as the main feature of Easter. … Many homes and shops are decorated for Easter in green and yellow, especially with new-leaved branches and daffodils. The main symbol of Easter is still the egg. The eggs used for decoration may be ordinary hen’s eggs which have been blown out and coloured or they may be imitation eggs or various kinds of sugar and chocolate eggs. Other decorations include small artificial hens and chickens and gradually also the Easter hare, which formerly was almost exclusively common in the areas by the German border. There is a unique Danish Easter tradition, viz. the custom of sending teaser letters. In the weeks before Easter especially children cut out elaborate letters, on which they write a so-called teaser verse. The letter is anonymous, but signed with a number of dots corresponding to the number of letters in the sender’s name, so that the recipient has a chance of guessing who sent it. The pledge is a chocolate Easter egg redeemed at Easter. The letter is accompanied by a snowdrop, which is regarded as the first flower of the year. …

Easter in Sweden (4/12/2017) | @Sweden_Belgrade   …most people celebrate it at home with their families and relatives. … Nowadays, eggs are a favourite accompaniment to the dish of pickled herring that is the centrepiece of most Swedes’ Easter meals. And few associate the omnipresent birch twigs − nowadays decorated with brightly coloured feathers − with the suffering of Christ. Easter has its own rituals. Children dress up as Easter witches; clad in discarded clothes, gaily coloured headscarves and red-painted cheeks, they go from house to house in the neighbourhood and present the occupants with paintings and drawings in the hope of getting sweets in return. Having consumed all these sweets, they are then given Easter eggs filled with yet more. … A traditional Easter lunch is likely to consist of different varieties of pickled herring, cured salmon and Jansson’s Temptation (potato, onion and pickled anchovies baked in cream). … At dinner, people eat roast lamb with potato gratin and asparagus, or some other suitable side dish.


New Zealand Vol.10 (Wellington, Manawatu-Wanganui)

Wellington

cf. Economic fall and rise: 1976 to 21st century | @Te_Ara   Key investment sectors | @Wellington_NZ   Profile of Wellington | @WgtnCC

Manawatu-Wanganui

cf. About our Region and Council | @HorizonsRC   Manawatu | @PureNewZealand   ‘Whanganui’ and ‘Wanganui’ | @VisitWhanganui

Cf. Easter and Beef Wellington. (4/6/2015)  


New Zealand Vol.8 (West Coast, Canterbury)

West Coast

Canterbury


New Zealand Vol.7 (Southland, Otago)

South Island

Southland

Otago


New Zealand Vol.6


New Zealand Vol.5 (Manifesto 2014 of NZ Labour Party – current largest opposition party; ruling party 1999-2008, et al.)

Here is New Zealand Labour Party Policy Platform (PDF) in November 2014. Excerpts are on our own.

Chapter 1: Labour’s values
~ Labour’s values are underpinned by our commitment to the Treaty of Waitangi – Te Tiriti o Waitangi

~ Labour’s values are enduring values
Equality/Oritetanga
Opportunity/Whakaritanga
Solidarity/Kotahitanga
Sustainability/Kaitiakitanga
Freedom/Rangitiratanga

~ Labour’s values have shaped New Zealand

Chapter 2: Tāngata Whenua

Chapter 3: Strengthening the economy
~ Vision
3.1 Labour is committed to a strong economy. Labour believes a strong economy is one in which everyone enjoys the security of good incomes and jobs and the natural environment is enhanced and protected.
3.2 A strong economy is underpinned by export-led success and a government that plays an active role in creating that success. Labour will build an economy on social democratic values that will not tolerate economic settings based on existing, or growing, levels of inequality. We believe that New Zealand has great potential for robust and durable economic development that will improve people’s lives across the Māori and Pasifika economies, across regions and industries, and in all our communities.
3.3 Labour is committed to financial and economic development policies that will transform New Zealand into a sustainable, resilient, low-carbon economy that is high-performance, high-wage, high-employment, and export orientated. Labour recognises the inadequacy of GDP has a measure of the quality of life of a people and is committed to developing broad-based measures of economic, environmental and social wellbeing.
3.4 Since its ground-breaking first term in office, Labour has actively promoted a strong, diversified, successful New Zealand economy. Labour holds that government must play an essential role in managing and developing the economy. We reject the notion that free markets on their own will deliver either long-term prosperity or just distributional outcomes.
3.5 Labour remains committed to this vision and programme. The challenge now is to turn these positive structural changes into economic progress by working more closely in partnership arrangements to create the conditions for success in industries, sectors, and regions. The aim is to build a high-value, high-performance, export-oriented economy. We particularly recognise the potential for such outcomes in vibrant Māori and Pasifika economies.

~ Our approach
3.7 Labour is committed to a productive and innovative economy that has:
• high-value, high-wage jobs
• participative, safe workplaces
• employment relations legislation that promotes collective bargaining, protects minimum standards and guarantees working people and their unions a voice
• engaged, valued, and well-trained workforces assured of a living wage that allows working families to participate fully in community activities
• regular increases to the minimum wage
• A tripartite framework for collaboration with government, businesses and unions.
Labour also believes that key and essential infrastructure, services and public assets should be provided by and regulated by the state and/or by local communities.
3.8 Labour will undertake sustained diversification of the New Zealand economy to improve standards of living and export success. Manufacturing is vital in a modern, successful economy. We are committed to advanced manufacturing and services, supported by new partnerships, to expand investment in research and development.
3.9 Regional and sectoral development is vital. New Zealand’s regions must be encouraged and supported to play a full role in our economic development. Labour is committed to a strong rural economy in which existing high-performance sectors are complemented by support for other emerging sectors to reach similarly high standards. Agriculture’s traditional economic role, especially in exports, remains important for Labour. Responsible resource extraction or mining will also play a role in the economy. We believe there is considerable potential to grow the value of New Zealand’s seafood and marine industries while ensuring appropriate standards of sustainability and decent working conditions.
3.10 Labour recognises the potential for New Zealand as the producer and exporter of quality food to a growing international market. Our reputation for integrity, animal welfare and environmental protection must be protected and enhanced as we grow the volume and the value of our exports.
3.13 Under Labour, procurement policy will be based on whole of life costs, local industry participation plans, resilience, and sustainability, as part of value for money. This will enable New Zealand firms to be competitive in bidding for these contracts. Procurement policy will also be used to advance social, regional development and economic and environmental goals. Labour will deliver monetary policy that strikes a balance between the control of inflation and a competitive exchange rate, and which will support strong economic performance. We will promote policies that reduce the incentive for speculative financial behaviour.
3.14 Labour is committed to a fair and transparent tax system that promotes social equity, sustainability, and economic growth. Labour is committed to environmentally responsible outcomes in economic development, and clean and renewable technologies with an emphasis on reducing carbon emissions.

~ Portfolio priorities
Delivering financial stability and successful macroeconomic policy
3.20 Labour will act to reduce and then stabilise New Zealand’s exchange rate when it is overvalued by drawing on a range of monetary tools and the experience of successful export economies. Under Labour, the Reserve Bank will have a balanced focus on inflation along with other objectives, particularly a competitive exchange rate underpinning improved export performance and job creation.
3.21 We will promote a regulatory environment for financial institutions based on prudent, transparent, and professional behaviours. Labour believes in a universal Kiwisaver scheme to improve savings performance. Labour will promote R&D as an integral part of a strong economy, including through targeted tax benefits that encourage successful research and business collaborations.
3.23 Labour will support international trade and investment agreements that promote New Zealand’s economic wellbeing and support fairness, transparency, sovereignty, and sustainability. Labour takes seriously environment, labour, and human rights standards that are frequently raised by trade agreements, and is committed to improving such standards as part of trade agreements.
3.24 Labour is committed to a system of universal superannuation. Labour will ensure the future sustainability of the system and will consider options to achieve this, including raising the eligibility age. If this occurs, we will ensure that those who cannot work past 65 in their normal work and need the cover of superannuation will receive the equivalent of the superannuation payment from the age of 65.

Delivering sustainable economic development
3.29 Labour will implement an economic development approach that is ‘clean, green, and clever’. This approach will maintain high environmental standards, promote high-value production, and favour a lower-carbon, more renewable energy future.
3.30 Labour’s economic development strategy will be a bottom-up partnership model, rather than a top-down, state-to-client model. In this model, business, industry, regional, workplace, trade union, and community organisations will be first to identify opportunities for initiatives to drive improved economic performance and improved outcomes for people. These initiatives will be developed and taken to government for evaluation and support. Labour will respond to these initiatives actively, constructively, and in partnership with communities and industry while protecting and promoting the overall national interest.
3.31 Labour will implement a New Zealand manufacturing strategy. Labour believes that manufacturing has been the lost opportunity in New Zealand’s economy since the 1980s. We will focus on manufacturing because it will deliver high-performing jobs, high-performing workplaces, investment, innovation, exports, and opportunities for improved productivity.
3.32 Labour welcomes foreign direct investment when it:
• is integrated into advanced manufacturing and services that lead to jobs for New Zealanders
• maximises our competitive advantage
• expands the stock of New Zealand’s intellectual property.
3.33 Labour will, on a partnership basis, implement focused, evidence-based industry policies, designed to respond to market failures and opportunity analysis. Labour will work hard to ensure that these policies are strongly supported by:
• basic infrastructure and institutions
• New Zealand-based savings and investment
• skilled labour, public-good research, R&D tax credits, linked government procurement, and international market intelligence and assistance.
3.34 Labour will have an active regional policy that clearly identifies regional development priorities. Infrastructural capacity will be central to Labour’s regional policy, including a commitment to an efficient transport system that prioritises public transport and reduced emissions.
3.35 New Zealand’s information technology infrastructure is important in Labour’s vision for the economy. Information and Communications Technology (ICT) will drive economic development in New Zealand for decades to come. Labour will ensure that New Zealand takes the opportunity for economic development from ICT as a sector itself and uses it to enhance performance and innovation in other sectors.

Chapter 4: Protecting and preserving the environment
~ Vision
~ Our approach
4.12 Climate change
4.14 Energy
4.16 Resource Extraction
4.18 Conservation
4.23 Water
4.25 Transport and urban design — Labour is committed to all New Zealanders growing up in a country with a high-quality and pleasant built environment where:
• our homes are healthy and energy efficient
• our cities are well designed
• our transport systems are accessible, safe, and efficient
• people are able to walk and cycle without fear for their safety
• public transport is affordable and widely available for people, and
• Transport systems and urban design support the transition from carbon-dependence.
4.29 Oceans—Labour’s vision is for healthy oceans that are wisely managed to protect marine species and birdlife. In exercising economic opportunities, we must protect our marine environment and its intrinsic ecosystem values for generations to come including through a network of marine reserves and other protected areas. Labour supports legal requirements for environmental impact assessment of significant ocean and ocean-floor development. We support fishing rules and quotas that achieve long-term sustainable use. We believe in integrated oceans legislation to ensure the sustainable use and environmental protection of marine resources.
4.30 Agriculture/rural sector—Labour recognises the strides that many in the agricultural and rural sectors have been making in developing good environmental practices. We will work with farmers and agricultural scientists so that best practices become the industry norm. This approach recognises that, in the long term, our prosperity is bound up in retaining important eco-services and in the international perception of environmental stewardship. Labour will support those in the agricultural and rural sectors who protect and enhance the environment, and hold responsible those who do not meet their obligations and continue to pollute the environment.

Chapter 5: Opportunity and fairness for all
~ Vision
5.1 The goal of Labour’s social development policy has always been that New Zealand would be a place where everyone, no matter what their circumstances of birth or what unexpected troubles life throws at them, will be included and able to get ahead: to build their capabilities, make their own contribution, and have a stake in society.
5.2 Labour wants to see all New Zealanders able to reach their potential knowing that if real hardship and tragedy happens, there will be real social security and a pathway to opportunities for them. Labour wants New Zealand to be a country where disadvantage is not produced and reproduced across generations. To break this cycle, Labour wants:
• healthy, affordable housing
• access to healthcare
• support for disability
• access to childcare and adequate time to spend with children
• equal educational opportunities moving from education into work
• a living income
• security of income in old age.
5.10 Labour will always fight for a fairer New Zealand. Fairness and equality of opportunity are strong New Zealand traditions and a part of Labour’s soul. Widening gaps between better and worse off and between men and women, young and old, mean that the ‘social contract’, the strong shared sense of ‘us’, is under increasing pressure. So too is the sense of having a stake in society, that there are opportunities for everyone, and that responsibilities are mutual. We will always work to heal social divisions, reduce the experience of exclusion and alienation, and eliminate the need to put up walls to keep others out and down.

~ Our approach
5.12 Chance and misfortune mean that some people struggle even in ‘the good times’. Security, mutual responsibility, and fairness demand that those adversely affected should not depend on charity and the stigma that carries, or be subject to humiliation or meaningless ‘make work’ to survive.

~ Portfolio Priorities
Families, children, and young people
5.24 As a matter of principle and sound social and economic investment, Labour is committed to banishing child poverty in New Zealand. The solutions are not simple, and the goal cannot be achieved immediately. We will co-ordinate and monitor its approach across all of government and policy including:
• early intervention for vulnerable children
• labour market issues
• access to early childhood education
• adequacy of income
• appropriate and accessible healthcare and housing.

Women
5.27 Labour will strengthen the legislative and policy framework to address the persistent gender pay gap and promote equal employment opportunity. Labour is committed to paid parental leave and flexible working conditions to allow women to participate fully and effectively in society. Labour recognises, with particular reference to women, that everyone has the right to be free from violence and harassment.

Housing
5.32 Overall, housing provision requires several actors working within an effective framework. Under Labour, the state sector will take a stronger lead in improving the quality of rental situations, starting with its own properties. We will work with others, including community housing providers and developers, to provide quality housing for less well-off families.
5.33 Labour will continue to improve the quality of the state housing stock, and work with local councils, state social housing providers, developers, and community social housing providers to deliver a mix of affordable rental and privately owned houses—houses people want to live in, and in many cases are able to own.
5.34 Labour will find ways to work with families through savings schemes, Kiwisaver and Kiwibuild, to enable them to own assets. We will make sure finance and bond markets are geared to provide long-term secure capital, not the usual cycles of boom, bust, capital destruction, and debt hangover.

Disability
5.35 Labour believes that a truly inclusive society is one in which disabled people have meaningful lives within their communities, based on respect and equality; have their diversity recognised; and their human rights protected. This is reflected in the motto ‘nothing about us without us’.
5.36 Labour recognises that impairment is a part of many New Zealanders’ daily lives. We believe each disabled person must be recognised as an individual person with their own set of needs and aspirations: no two disabled people are the same. We believe that a disabled person should be supported to follow their aspirations, to make choices, and lead a quality life. They must have choice over their housing needs, employment opportunities, sporting and recreational activities, political aspirations, and education opportunities—things most of society takes for granted.

Senior citizens
5.41 Concerns about aged-care health services, elder abuse, and cost-of-living pressures are mounting for older New Zealanders. Future generations will not have the same levels of asset ownership that currently keep poverty low for older New Zealanders. Inequalities that developed earlier in life are likely to have greater significance in old age. Labour’s commitment to all senior citizens is that they will have access to a minimum level of social service provision.

Violence in families and communities
5.44 Family violence is a crime that affects many aspects of our lives from health and wellbeing to employment, rights, and justice. Family violence encompasses physical, sexual, financial, and psychological abuse and occurs regardless of educational background, income level, profession, or ethnicity. Certain groups, however, may be more vulnerable to violence and experience additional barriers to accessing support. These groups include people with disab