Canada Vol.11 (Newfoundland and Labrador)

Newfoundland and Labrador
History @NLtweets  
History: March 31, 1949, Canada completed! (31/3/2015) | Marc Montgomery @RCInet

UK Vol.79 (England Vol.5 – West Midlands Vol.2)

Staffordshire, Warwickshire and West Midlands (county)

Royal Doulton
Staffordshire bull terriers: A question of class? (24/01/2015) | Lauren Potts @BBC

History of Rugby Football | Ben Johnson @historicuk
INSIDE THE ASTON MARTIN FACTORY: Making speed a solution (11/01/2017) | @tamaratam @TheVerge
Jaguar Land Rover | @RamadaCoventry

West Midlands including Birmingham

Alabama Vol.1

UK Vol.78 (Wales Vol.3 – Isle of Anglesey, Conwy, Gwynedd)

Isle of Anglesey



North Carolina Vol.1

UK Vol.77 (Northern Ireland Vol.2)

Mid and East Antrim (Carrickfergus, Larne, Ballymena)

Mid Ulster (Magherafelt, Cookstown, Dungannon)

Armagh, Banbridge and Craigavon

Mississippi Vol.1

Australia Vol.11 (Tasmania)

Tasmanian Minerals, Manufacturing and Energy Council
Industry associations | @businesstas
Agriculture | Tasmania Department of Primary Industries, Parks, Water and Environment
Trade and International Relations | Tasmania Department of State Growth
Economy | Tasmania Department of Treasury and Finance
Tasmanian Salmonid Growers Association
Tasmanian Economy | Tasmania Department of Treasury and Finance
How’s the Tasmanian Economy? – ANZ Research (09/04/2017) | @michaelyardney
Tasmania’s economy continues to go gang busters (03/12/2018) | Sue Bailey @ExaminerOnline
Growing the Tasmanian Atlantic salmon farming industry | @CSIROnews
The Tasmanian Visitor Economy Strategy 2015-2020 (PDF) | T21
Socio-Economic Indexes for Areas in Tasmania | @SettledInAus
A regional economy: a case study of Tasmania (PDF; 2008) | Department of Infrastructure, Transport, Regional Development and Local Government
The future role and contribution of regional capitals to Australia – A Tasmanian Perspective (PDF; 04/2015) | Regional Development Australia – Tasmania
Labour Market Profile: North West Tasmania, Australia (PDF; 2015) | Centre for Sustainable Organisations and Work @RMIT
Hobart’s economic profile | @cityofhobarttas
Tasmania’s coastline glows in the dark as plankton turn blue (3/15/2017) | Jonny Weeks @guardian

US Policy Changes Vol.64 (Economy Vol.13 / Employment Vol.8 – incl middle class, income, inequality)

Here is an article on middle class, income, inequality, et al. Excerpt is on our own.

The Secret Shame of Middle-Class Americans: Nearly half of Americans would have trouble finding $400 to pay for an emergency. I’m one of them. (May 2016) | Neal Gabler @SUNY @TheAtlantic
…“monitor the financial and economic status of American consumers.”…49 percent of part-time workers would prefer to work more hours at their current wage; 29 percent of Americans expect to earn a higher income in the coming year; 43 percent of homeowners who have owned their home for at least a year believe its value has increased. … The Fed asked respondents how they would pay for a $400 emergency. The answer: 47 percent of respondents said that either they would cover the expense by borrowing or selling something, or they would not be able to come up with the $400 at all. …
…“financial impotence,”… “You are more likely to hear from your buddy that he is on Viagra than that he has credit-card problems,” says @DrBradKlontz @CreightonBiz… “Much more likely.” America is a country, as Donald Trump has reminded us, of winners and losers, alphas and weaklings. To struggle financially is a source of shame, a daily humiliation—even a form of social suicide. Silence is the only protection.
…economists… had unemployment statistics and income differentials and data on net worth, but none of these captured what was happening in households trying to make a go of it week to week, paycheck to paycheck, expense to expense. David Johnson @umisr, says, “People studied savings and debt. But this concept that people aren’t making ends meet or the idea that if there was a shock, they wouldn’t have the money to pay, that’s definitely a new area of research”—one that’s taken off since the Great Recession. …economists have long theorized that people smooth their consumption over their lifetime, offsetting bad years with good ones—borrowing in the bad, saving in the good. But recent research indicates that when people get some money — a bonus, a tax refund, a small inheritance — they are, in fact, more likely to spend it than to save it. … So if you really want to know why there is such deep economic discontent in America today, even when many indicators say the country is heading in the right direction, ask a member of that 47 percent.
…financial fragility, financial insecurity, financial distress… …the evidence strongly indicates that either a sizable minority or a slim majority of Americans are on thin ice financially. … A 2014 @Bankrate survey… only 38 percent of Americans would cover a $1,000 emergency-room visit or $500 car repair with money they’d saved. Two reports @pewtrusts… that 55 percent of households didn’t have enough liquid savings to replace a month’s worth of lost income, and that of the 56 percent of people who said they’d worried about their finances in the previous year, 71 percent were concerned about having enough money to cover everyday expenses. …@A_Lusardi @GWtweets, Peter Tufano @OxfordSBS, and Daniel Schneider @UCBerkeley asked individuals whether they could “come up with” $2,000 within 30 days for an unanticipated expense. …slightly more than one-quarter could not, and another 19 percent could do so only if they pawned possessions or took out payday loans. The conclusion: Nearly half of American adults are “financially fragile” and “living very close to the financial edge.” Yet another analysis…Jacob Hacker @Yale measured the number of households that had lost a quarter or more of their “available income” in a given year—income minus medical expenses and interest on debt—and found that in each year from 2001 to 2012, at least one in five had suffered such a loss and couldn’t compensate by digging into savings.
…Edward Wolff @NYUCAS…: There isn’t much net worth to draw on. Median net worth has declined steeply in the past generation—down 85.3 percent from 1983 to 2013 for the bottom income quintile, down 63.5 percent for the second-lowest quintile, and down 25.8 percent for the third, or middle, quintile. …@RussellSageFdn, the inflation-adjusted net worth of the typical household, one at the median point of wealth distribution, was $87,992 in 2003. By 2013, it had declined to $54,500, a 38 percent drop. And…the decline for the lower quintiles began long before the recession—as early as the mid-1980s…
…in 2013, prime-working-age families in the bottom two income quintiles had no net worth at all and thus nothing to spend. A family in the middle quintile, with an average income of roughly $50,000, could continue its spending for … six days. Even in the second-highest quintile, a family could maintain its normal consumption for only 5.3 months. Granted, those numbers do not include home equity. …“it’s much harder now to get a second mortgage or a home-equity loan or to refinance.” So remove that home equity, which in any case plummeted during the Great Recession…
…nearly one-quarter of households making $100,000 to $150,000 a year claim not to be able to raise $2,000 in a month. … According to an analysis of Federal Reserve and TransUnion data by the personal-finance site ValuePenguin, credit-card debt stood at about $5,700 per household in 2015. … About 38 percent of households carried some debt, according to the analysis, and among those, the average was more than $15,000. …
… William R. Emmons, an assistant vice president and economist for the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, traces the surge to a 1978 Supreme Court decision, Marquette National Bank of Minneapolis v. First of Omaha Service Corp. The Court ruled that state usury laws, which put limits on credit-card interest, did not apply to nationally chartered banks doing business in those states. That effectively let big national banks issue credit cards everywhere at whatever interest rates they wanted to charge, and it gave the banks a huge incentive to target vulnerable consumers just the way, Emmons believes, vulnerable homeowners were targeted by subprime-mortgage lenders years later. …
… As Bruce McClary, the vice president of communications for the National Foundation for Credit Counseling, says, “During the initial phase of the Great Recession, there was a spike in credit use because people were using credit in place of emergency savings. … The personal savings rate peaked at 13.3 percent in 1971 before falling to 2.6 percent in 2005. As of last year, the figure stood at 5.1 percent, and according to McClary, nearly 30 percent of American adults don’t save any of their income for retirement. …
… Annamaria Lusardi and her colleagues found that, in general, the more sophisticated a country’s credit and financial markets, the worse the problem of financial insecurity for its citizens. …as the financial world has grown more complex, our knowledge of finances has not kept pace. …65 percent of Americans ages 25 to 65 were financial illiterates.
… Though household incomes rose dramatically from 1967 to 2014 for the top quintile, and more dramatically still for the top 5 percent, incomes in the bottom three quintiles rose much more gradually: only 23.2 percent for the middle quintile, 13.1 percent for the second-lowest quintile, and 17.8 percent for the bottom quintile. … The peak years for income in the bottom three quintiles were 1999 and 2000; incomes have declined overall since then—down 6.9 percent for the middle quintile, 10.8 percent for the second-lowest quintile, and 17.1 percent for the lowest quintile. …
In a 2010 report titled “Middle Class in America,” the U.S. Commerce Department defined that class less by its position on the economic scale than by its aspirations: homeownership, a car for each adult, health security, a college education for each child, retirement security, and a family vacation each year. … A 2014 analysis by USA Today concluded that the American dream, defined by factors that generally corresponded to the Commerce Department’s middle-class benchmarks, would require an income of just more than $130,000 a year for an average family of four. Median family income in 2014 was roughly half that.
… In a survey of American finances published last year by Pew, 60 percent of respondents said they had suffered some sort of “economic shock” in the past 12 months—a drop in income, a hospital visit, the loss of a spouse, a major repair. More than half struggled to make ends meet after their most expensive economic emergency. Even 34 percent of the respondents who made more than $100,000 a year said they felt strain as a result of an economic shock. …
… The American Psychological Association… The 2014 survey—in which 54 percent of Americans said they had just enough or not enough money each month to meet their expenses—found money to be the country’s No. 1 stressor. Seventy-two percent of adults reported feeling stressed about money at least some of the time, and nearly a quarter rated their stress “extreme.” … Thirty-two percent of the survey respondents said they couldn’t afford to live a healthy lifestyle, and 21 percent said they were so financially strapped that they had forgone a doctor’s visit, or considered doing so…
… “Financial insecurity is associated with depression, anxiety, and a loss of personal control that leads to marital difficulties,” says Brad Klontz, the financial psychologist. …
… A 2014 New York Times poll found that only 64 percent of Americans said they believed in the American dream—the lowest figure in nearly two decades. … As the Harvard economist Benjamin M. Friedman wrote in his 2005 book, The Moral Consequences of Economic Growth, “Merely being rich is no bar to a society’s retreat into rigidity and intolerance once enough of its citizens lose the sense that they are getting ahead.”
… In a 2014 Pew survey revealing that 55 percent of Americans spend as much as they make each month, or more, nearly the exact same percentage say they have favorable financial circumstances, which may just mean some of them are too frightened to admit they don’t. …
…A pre-recession survey by the Consumer Federation of America and the Financial Planning Association found that 21 percent of Americans felt the “most practical” way for them to get several hundred thousand dollars was to win the lottery…

Ireland Vol.20 (Munster Vol.1 – Clare, Limerick; #StPatricksDay)

#StPatricksDay #HappyStPatricksDay #HappyStPatricksDay2017 #SPD2017 #HappyStPattysDay #Paddysday #Guinness

Ireland Munster




Netherlands Vol.3 (general election 15/3/2017)

Here is a part of information on the Dutch general election 2017. Excerpts are on our own.

The House of Representatives (The Second Chamber) – 150 members; proportional representation


One image perfectly captures why populists didn’t win the Dutch election (3/16/2017) | @aamnamohdin @qz
…unlike in the US and Britain, the Netherlands is not a winner-takes-all system. …

What future for the Netherlands: do Dutch brace for more political instability? (3/7/2017) | @VoteWatchEurope

Electoral Systems – The Netherlands | Brechtje Beun & Galen Irwin

Page: 3
The Kingdom of Netherlands is a constitutional monarchy with a parliamentary system of government. It consists of 12 provinces, the Netherlands Antilles and Aruba. The Netherlands, the Netherlands Antilles and Aruba conduct their internal affairs autonomously and pursue their common interests on a basis of equality. The Head of State is Queen Beatrix, in power since 1980. The Netherlands, Netherlands Antilles and Aruba elect their own independent parliaments and have their own executive branches.
The parliament of the Netherlands (Staten Generaal) is bicameral with a first chamber (Eerste Kamer) comprising of 75 members indirectly elected by 12 provincial assemblies and a second chamber (Tweede Kamer) consisting of 150 members directly elected for a four-year term. The executive branch of government is formed by the Council of
Ministers, headed by the Prime Minister. The Council of Ministers is appointed and dismissed by the monarch.
Page: 5
Members of the second chamber of parliament are elected through a proportional list system in a single nationwide constituency without a legal threshold. The Netherlands is divided into 19 electoral districts for administration of the elections only; all votes cast for candidates in each district are combined during the tabulation of results. However, the system provides for preferential voting, as each voter votes for a particular candidate. It is only through the candidate chosen that a vote is attributed to the respective electoral list.
The number of seats allocated to each candidate list is determined by dividing the total number of votes cast by 150 (number of mandates in the second chamber of parliament) to determine the electoral quota. Once the allocation of seats to parties has been determined, the names of the elected candidates are specified in accordance with the numbers of votes cast for each candidate. This procedure begins from the top of the list and moves down until the party’s entitlement to seats is filled. However, a candidate who obtains at least 25 per cent of the electoral quota is declared elected automatically regardless of his or her number on the list.
Elections in the Netherlands are administered by a three-tiered, decentralized structure. This includes the Electoral Council (EC), 19 Principal Electoral Committees (PEC), and some 10,000 Electoral Committees which act as polling stations. The MoIKR and municipal executives also play an important role in the organization of an election. The second chamber of parliament is responsible to certify its own final results.
Page: 6
The 431 individual municipalities each have at least one electoral committee. The approximately 10,000 electoral committees consist of a chair and between two and six members, together with sufficient number of alternates. Electoral committees are not permanent bodies and are appointed by the municipal executive. They are responsible for
carrying out the election on election day.
The MoIKR oversees the overall conduct of elections at national level. It establishes the regulations and appoints the 19 PEC members for parliamentary elections, the 431 mayors and the heads of local government administration. At a local level municipal executives are responsible for administering elections, for maintaining computerized voter registers, and for distributing voter registration cards. The municipal executive also decides the location of polling stations and compiles all the results for the municipality.

cf. Netherlands Provincial elections 2015 | @welections
Per province – 12 September 2012 | @nlverkiezingen

Maine Vol.1

Today in History – March 15 : The Pine Tree State | @librarycongress    THIS DAY IN HISTORY : 1820 – Maine enters the Union | @HISTORY

UK Vol.76 (Scotland Vol.19 – Eastern Vol.1)

East Lothian

Scottish Borders (Page not found.)

Midlothian (…no longer available.)

cf. UK Vol.16 (Scotland – West Lothian)

Arkansas Vol.1

UK Vol.75 (England Vol.4 – West Midlands Vol.1)


West Midlands sees highest productivity increase in the UK (22/02/2019) | @WestMids_CA
West Midlands | @EU_Growth


Lea & Perrins

Origin and brief history of the Hereford Breed | The Hereford Cattle Society
MoB – Beef Cattle Breeds (10/29/2012) | Scott Packard

About Shropshire | American Shropshire Registry Association
SHROPSHIRE | Australian Rare Breed Project
Shropshire sheep – A Rare Breed of British Origin | New Zealand Rare Breeds

Utah Vol.1

Central Asia Vol.2


cf. Why are Russians Leaving Kazakhstan?   A quarter-century later… Ethnic Kazakhs…now represent nearly 70 percent… …the Kazakhstani government’s broader struggles at retaining the country’s ethnic minorities… …putatively Russophobic sentiments in Kazakhstan could incur a response from an expansionist Moscow…

Political map    The Migration Landscape of Kazakhstan’s Uyghur: A Historical Perspective    Kazakhs striving to prove Genghis Khan descent   Kazakhstan-Kyrgyzstan Economic Relations Make Progress    Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan: Competitors, Strategic Partners or Eternal Friends?    Delimitation of state border of independent Kazakhstan. Turkmenistan.

New Hampshire Vol.1

UK Vol.74 (Wales Vol.2 – Flintshire, Wrexham, Denbighshire)




Maryland Vol.1

UK Vol.73 (Northern Ireland Vol.1)

NorthernIreland counties

Fermanagh and Omagh

Derry and Strabane

Causeway Coast and Glens

Idaho Vol.1

Ireland Vol.19 (Connacht Vol.2 – Mayo, Galway)

Connacht, IE


IDA Ireland launches ‘Invest in Mayo’ – a new marketing initiative to promote the Mayo region (08/02/2018)


@Seafest_ie LATEST NEWS

Rhode Island Vol.1

Canada Vol.10 (Manitoba)


Missouri Vol.1

Missouri | @OFII
How Missouri’s Economy Benefits from International Trade & Investment (PDF; @BizRoundtable) | @TradePartnersDC
Missouri Manufacturing Facts | @ShopFloorNAM
2017 Missouri Economic Report (PDF) | MERIC
Missouri’s Target Industries | MO DED
Economy of Missouri State (06/29/2010) | @EconomyWatch
ST. LOUIS DISTRICT PROFILE: Freight and the District’s Economic Future (PDF) | @MoDOT
KANSAS CITY DISTRICT PROFILE: Freight and the District’s Economic Future (PDF) | @MoDOT

UK Vol.72 (Scotland Vol.18 – South Western Vol.2)

West Dunbartonshire

East Renfrewshire


cf. UK Vol.18 (Scotland – East Dunbartonshire)   UK Vol.19 (Scotland – Glasgow)  UK Vol.22 (Scotland – Renfrewshire)

Kentucky Vol.1

(The above pages of the Center for Business and Economic Research, the Gatton College of Business and Economics, cannot be found now.)

Africa Vol..5 (Tanzania, Mozambique, Madagascar)




Wyoming Vol.1

New Zealand Vol.8 (West Coast, Canterbury)

Updated in May 2020.

West Coast




Vermont Vol.1

On March 4, 1791, Vermont became the 14th state.

Iowa Vol.1

Australia Vol.10 (South Australia)

Minerals | SA Department of Energy and Mining

SA’s top 100 companies 2018: the full list


Economic Development Board of South Australia
South Australia standout economy: ANZ Stateometer (06/03/2019) | @marshall_steven
South Australia: State Economy and State Budget, 2018-19 (PDF; 09/2018) | Ai Group Economics and Research Team
SOUTH Australia is poised to become the nation’s fastest-growing economy this financial year, as it racks up its best growth since before the global financial crisis, according to a report to be released today. (04/26/2018) | Invest Adelaide @CityofAdelaide
South Australian Economy | @indaily
News – The South Australian Centre for Economic Studies Blog | @UniofAdelaide
South Australia – Economic Development Australia – Economy Profile | @remplan
South Australia | Britannica
South Australia needs to boost its migration intake, here is what the experts say (13/02/2019) | Meagan Dillon @abcnews
Our plan for a stronger economy delivers for South Australia (03/04/2019) | @Birmo,@cpyne

(Broken links)

Nevada Vol.1

Balkan Vol.2 (Macedonia, Kosovo, Montenegro, Albania)





Ohio Vol.1

Ohio1 ref_2001Ohio2 TapestryOhio4 MfgWagesOhio3

Ireland Vol.18 (Connacht Vol.1 – Leitrim, Sligo, Roscommon)




Sligo: Signs of economic recovery becoming evident in Sligo town (01/21/2017)