World Vol.160 (U.S., etc.)

https://twitter.com/CFR_org/status/1418975960624517125


https://twitter.com/DelorsBerlin/status/1415217581963812865
https://twitter.com/DelorsEurope/status/1413134163117367300


https://twitter.com/ASPI_org/status/1417715139487309829


https://twitter.com/AJEnglish/status/1418692398922801152
https://twitter.com/AJEnglish/status/1418798096264400901


World Vol.157 (U.S., etc.)


https://twitter.com/IAJournal_CH/status/1412776945650221056


World Vol.155 (U.S., EU, etc.)

Metals for a Green and Digital Europe | @GEF_Europe
EU green deal could transform metals demand (03/01/2021) | @argusmedia
European Green Deal | @euromines
The green transition challenged by the metal supply chain | @SultanEtn
The metal supply chain challenging the EU Green Deal and put forward policy recommendations (04/07/2020) | @INNOVATION_PL
EU’s ‘green mining’ concept? – there’s no such thing | @euobs
A Policy Mix for Dematerialisation | @EcologicBerlin
Metals recycling in EU could collapse under new rules, companies say (06/03/2021) | @reuters
The geopolitics of the European Green Deal (03/02/2021) | @ecfr
Fortescue Metals Eyes 15 Million Tons of EU Green Hydrogen by 2030 (Video; 05/26/2021) | @bsurveillance


https://twitter.com/ClarkCountyNV/status/1411749334517882882
https://twitter.com/KTNV/status/1411767014285262858


https://twitter.com/KOLOTimko/status/1411750334184099840
https://twitter.com/KOLOTimko/status/1411736900797300737

https://twitter.com/letterboxd/status/1411614784735178756
https://twitter.com/patrickdextervc/status/1411633722101800963


https://twitter.com/MagrinyaJordi/status/1409576651067908103


Austria Vol.7 (cities)



https://twitter.com/alpenadriauni/status/1410508488439177219


https://twitter.com/alpenadriauni/status/1408320753636945920


https://twitter.com/cfaed_TUD/status/1298392570645680128
https://twitter.com/lakesidescitec/status/1407638930598633473


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9DQ40SVfUwY
https://twitter.com/StadtVillach/status/1354794170943229963
https://twitter.com/JosepEudald/status/1411809097725403140


https://twitter.com/chris4024/status/1411033963074883587


https://twitter.com/phoenixbookcafe/status/1410615644169461769
https://twitter.com/WagnerGerfried/status/1411053281900642306




https://twitter.com/StadtDornbirn/status/1400716490605748224


https://twitter.com/transitdiagrams/status/1369344732376272898



https://twitter.com/EUHomeAffairs/status/1410180885702393858

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UPaQga3Y08g


https://twitter.com/breakonthru234/status/1399470153528594432





https://twitter.com/PhilWe1/status/1409092411842863107




https://twitter.com/CarfreeNetwork/status/1411253894831874049


https://twitter.com/LadySileL/status/1409832616572985344


https://twitter.com/viennasymphony/status/1410519824556507137
https://twitter.com/der_heubi/status/1408785219373703171


World Vol.153 (U.S., etc.)


https://twitter.com/UoE_Sus/status/1391679589974425600


https://twitter.com/IMD_Bschool/status/1401903232977408011


Ireland Vol.73

https://twitter.com/ucddublin/status/1409874778077413385
https://twitter.com/ucddublin/status/1409822210001293312
https://twitter.com/ucddublin/status/1407643455451545600


https://twitter.com/ucddublin/status/1409473097221214211


https://twitter.com/Intel_IRL/status/1404469058951598080


https://twitter.com/ucddublin/status/1410208734899494915


https://twitter.com/ucddublin/status/1405841754184617985
https://twitter.com/ucddublin/status/1409800278858141697
https://twitter.com/ucddublin/status/1410176962807713793
https://twitter.com/ucddublin/status/1405913355987173382


https://twitter.com/rtenews/status/1403241839776382976


World Vol.150 (U.S., Australia, etc.)


https://twitter.com/ANUBellSchool/status/1393053501530546176


https://twitter.com/ANUCrawford/status/1405099589796089856
https://twitter.com/ANUWarStudies/status/1402189917623664640


https://twitter.com/CFR_org/status/1405929520008466436


https://twitter.com/PVDMonthly/status/1404506038519357448


https://twitter.com/PVDStreets/status/1404433750944063490


World Vol.149 (U.S., New Zealand, etc.)


https://twitter.com/AFP/status/1405731183527219205


World Vol.148 / Science and Technology Vol.67 (semiconductor)

Top USA and International Semiconductor Manufacturers | @Thomasnet

2020 STATE OF THE U.S. SEMICONDUCTOR INDUSTRY (PDF; 06/2020) | @SIAAmerica

The Semiconductor Supply Chain: Assessing National Competitiveness (PDF; 01/2021) | Center for Security and Emerging Technology (CSET)

Overview Of The Semiconductor Capital Equipment Industry (01/15/2019) | @SeekingAlpha
Memory chips are used to store data electronically in the form of bits (8bits = 1 byte). The most common types of memory chips made by the industry today are Dynamic Random Access Memory (“DRAM”) and NAND flash. DRAM is volatile memory, which means it temporarily stores each bit of data in a separate capacitor while the associated device is powered on. DRAM is commonly used by data servers and mobile devices. NAND (short for NAND flash) is non-volatile memory (“NVM”), which means it stores data even if the power is switched off. It’s called NAND because it’s a type of memory that resembles the NAND (not-and) logic. NAND is commonly used in memory cards and solid state drives (“SSD”). The major trend in memory today is the switch to three-dimensional (3D) memory where memory cells are built vertically, instead of horizontally (planar), which increases memory bit density.
Logic chips are the fundamental building blocks for digital electronics. Logic chips are constructed from connecting individual digital logic gates that perform logical operations of AND, OR and NOT on binary numbers. (This is where the NAND or not-and comes from). Logic chips perform calculations that drive computer processing.
Semiconductor manufacturers are generally focused on designing chips for various device applications. The semiconductor capital equipment industry (“semi-cap” for short) provides the equipment for these manufacturers.
The semiconductor industry is to electronics what the mining industry is to finished metal products. Taking this one step further, the semi-cap industry supplies the “picks and shovels” for the broader semiconductor industry.

The Main Types of Chips Produced by Semiconductor Companies (05/19/2020) | @investopia
Memory Chips; Microprocessors; Graphic Processing Units (GPUs); Standard Chips (Commodity ICs); Analog Chips; Mixed Circuit Semiconductors

Understanding Memory – An inside look at different memory types and how they work. (02/15/2018) | @semiEngineering
While logic chips work as the “brains” of an electronic device, performing functions using mathematical operations, memory chips store data. The basic building block of a memory chip is a cell, a tiny circuit with a capacitor (which stores data as a charge) and one or more transistors (which activate data). The capacitor is either charged or discharged, corresponding to the two possible data values (“1” or “0”), where this smallest unit of data is known as a “bit”.
The cells are arranged in a row and have a bit line structure that connects into a memory “address” called a word line. The address provides a means of identifying a location for data storage, and the word line forms an electrical path allowing all the memory cells on that row to be activated at the same time for storage (“write”) or retrieval (“read”). Data access is initiated with electrical signals – a row address strobe (RAS) and a column address strobe (CAS) – that together pinpoint a cell’s location within an array. If a charge is stored in the selected cell’s capacitor, these signals cause the transistor to conduct, transferring the charge to the connected bit line, causing a slight voltage increase that reads as a “1”.

The basics of microchips | ASML

MARKETS & PRODUCTS | ASM

Types of Semiconductor Devices | TOSHIBA

Guide to the major types of computer chips (03/26/2019) | @theburninhub

The global semiconductor silicon wafer market is expected to reach an estimated $17.4 billion by 2026 with a CAGR of 6.4% from 2020 to 2026 (06/14/2021) | @GlobeNewswire

Global Logic Semiconductor Market to Surpass $129 Billion by 2024 – Featuring Intel, Samsung Electronics, Xilinx, and NXP Semiconductors – ResearchAndMarkets.com (05/17/2019) | @BusinessWire

Global Logic Semiconductor Market – Industry Trends and Forecast to 2028 (05/2021) | DATA BRIDGE

What is Semiconductor Memory? | @ROHMsemi


World Vol.147 (BBC, AFP)


https://twitter.com/BBCWorld/status/1404059137282084864


World Vol.146 (TorontoStar, AP, etc.)


https://twitter.com/EUDataNewsHub/status/1404026576048644096
https://twitter.com/EUDataNewsHub/status/1403726136710995970
https://twitter.com/EUDataNewsHub/status/1403662373194448897
https://twitter.com/EUDataNewsHub/status/1403311065136574467
https://twitter.com/EUDataNewsHub/status/1402588219011649542


World Vol.143 (U.S., etc.)


World Vol.136 (U.S., etc.)

https://twitter.com/warstudies/status/1394253205291388938


https://twitter.com/CrisisGroup/status/1396443544181624832


https://twitter.com/AliAdair22/status/1395722463862984704


https://twitter.com/jmartNYT/status/1396805877856800773


 https://twitter.com/HotNewHipHop/status/1394309739606118402
 https://twitter.com/thedailybeast/status/1394649244582219777
 https://twitter.com/thedailybeast/status/1394452955139616768
 https://twitter.com/thedailybeast/status/1394246397256404996


World Vol.133 (newscomauHQ, NZStuff, CBCNews)


France Vol.24

https://twitter.com/2021PortugalEU/status/1391657931091894272
https://twitter.com/FEPS_Europe/status/1385230994815557636


https://twitter.com/FRS_org/status/1386975911564742656


https://twitter.com/ali_jiar/status/1384843534453325828
https://twitter.com/DelorsInstitute/status/1384054400948211712
https://twitter.com/DelorsInstitute/status/1390335528877400072
https://twitter.com/DelorsInstitute/status/1382272678778839044
https://twitter.com/DelorsInstitute/status/1388022917057896450
https://twitter.com/banquedefrance/status/1390707118332907525
https://twitter.com/banquedefrance/status/1389898934856863744
https://twitter.com/banquedefrance/status/1388078192561434624
https://twitter.com/banquedefrance/status/1385604355827675138
https://twitter.com/banquedefrance/status/1385232018649272324
https://twitter.com/banquedefrance/status/1384529820130979843
https://twitter.com/i_montaigneEN/status/1392141200757506051


https://twitter.com/banquedefrance/status/1375131630118051848


https://twitter.com/BF_TFI/status/1380181769346023424
https://twitter.com/FranceinSG/status/1379729913670868996


https://twitter.com/Reuters/status/1378906488182243330
https://twitter.com/kateamoody/status/1377357710279106561


https://twitter.com/EU_ISS/status/1355177879089410052


https://twitter.com/DelorsInstitute/status/1376861586996989955

https://twitter.com/France24_en/status/1392088976664809472
https://twitter.com/France24_en/status/1392086161896755203
https://twitter.com/France24_en/status/1391790415909634048


https://twitter.com/France24_en/status/1391703730794422272


https://twitter.com/France24_en/status/1377546158801846272


https://twitter.com/F24Debate/status/1377736651825364993


https://twitter.com/NnameTrump/status/1392219796201168900


World Vol.129 (seaweeds, milk, etc.)


https://twitter.com/Bovidiva/status/1359803207942361088


https://twitter.com/rtenews/status/1389829715242987520


https://twitter.com/LifeWithJohn/status/1305461336281952256
https://twitter.com/TheHumaneLeague/status/1391032388537487362
 https://twitter.com/JohnOberg/status/1391357038731595777
 https://twitter.com/Luana84473134/status/1390986752299520001


Benelux Vol.6 (Netherlands Vol.12 / Belgium Vol.7)


https://twitter.com/Clingendaelorg/status/1387702848788566017


https://twitter.com/BrusselsTimes/status/1387301968604012546


https://twitter.com/aibrussels/status/1275813874068045825


https://twitter.com/VUBrussel/status/1388043698978631682


https://twitter.com/KU_Leuven/status/1339192529800073217


https://twitter.com/usembbrussels/status/1386664167793364997


https://twitter.com/epc_eu/status/1387729609941295111
https://twitter.com/epc_eu/status/1379441358717521925
https://twitter.com/epc_eu/status/1359778448525336580
https://twitter.com/CEPS_thinktank/status/1388146124322656258
https://twitter.com/CEPS_thinktank/status/1359492061666316290


https://twitter.com/Bruegel_org/status/1387774775012040708
https://twitter.com/Bruegel_org/status/1360212820328124416


Science and Technology Vol.61 (semiconductor, etc.)


https://twitter.com/Stellantis/status/1379728897961570308


https://twitter.com/BristolUniPhys/status/1261949623398207488


https://twitter.com/BoschPress/status/1383024631422996487


https://twitter.com/ApogeewebNews/status/1072071797862883329


https://twitter.com/NordicTweets/status/1384763294351831040
https://twitter.com/NordicTweets/status/1384084104564543489


https://twitter.com/Reuters/status/1382788874422915074


https://twitter.com/NASA/status/1385307561700823042
https://twitter.com/NASA/status/1385325042381303825
https://twitter.com/NASA/status/1385338227280732166


World Vol.121 (semiconductor, U.S., etc.)


https://twitter.com/Stellantis/status/1380132672102666242


https://twitter.com/ukshahi/status/1375844346843394049


Canada Vol.33


https://twitter.com/CBC/status/1368275189595738113


https://twitter.com/CBC/status/1359562787152748545


https://twitter.com/AnitaOakville/status/1352437283228626944


https://twitter.com/WCELaw/status/1356693964456218626
https://twitter.com/WCELaw/status/1380325243542142976
https://twitter.com/CIHR_IRSC/status/1376571850302631939


https://twitter.com/Forests_MDPI/status/1131727933310062592


https://twitter.com/SinghLions/status/1307133152897511429


World Vol.115 (U.S., etc.)


https://twitter.com/SkyNews/status/1379917198857224193


https://twitter.com/usedgov/status/1120413210337796096


Science and Technology Vol.59 (physics, chemistry, etc.)


https://twitter.com/NFLUK/status/1375417445398192135
https://twitter.com/tennisscotland/status/1245283812508086272


https://twitter.com/ImranSZN/status/1376453084335968256


https://twitter.com/jamesisfine/status/1374481696041537540


https://twitter.com/ShahoolR/status/1374413895075467272
https://twitter.com/ScienceVideos_/status/1375731959649869824
https://twitter.com/ScienceVideos_/status/1375740622645039105


https://twitter.com/natsabin/status/1374140917481869312


https://twitter.com/NASA_Technology/status/1351967487223623680


https://twitter.com/UCBerkeley/status/1073277614494752768


https://twitter.com/EU_ScienceHub/status/1252155926095761410


U.S. universities and colleges Vol.78 (UMontana) / Montana Vol.9


https://twitter.com/RainFreemanMPH/status/1352428573546569730


https://twitter.com/UMArtsandMedia/status/1271197564323328000


https://twitter.com/kylegvolk/status/1376682346007552006